Computing Scenario Shaking for Nevada Urban Areas with the Model Assembler Community Modeling Enviro...
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Computing Scenario Shaking for Nevada Urban Areas with the Model Assembler Community Modeling Environment (MA-CME). J. Louie and L. Preston Nevada Seismological Laboratory S. Larsen Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Liz Lenox, Rei Arai, and Amr Wakwak

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Computing Scenario Shaking for Nevada Urban Areas with the Model Assembler Community Modeling Environment (MA-CME)

J. Louie and L. Preston

Nevada Seismological Laboratory

S. Larsen

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Liz Lenox, Rei Arai, and Amr Wakwak

Dept. Geological Sciences and Engineering, UNR


Model assembler
Model Model Assembler Community Modeling Environment (MA-CME)Assembler

  • A code to stitch together existing regional geophysical and geological data sets.

  • Generates multi-gigabyte E3D input grids.


The modelassembler community modeling environment ma cme
The ModelAssembler Community Modeling Environment (MA-CME) Model Assembler Community Modeling Environment (MA-CME)

  • Graphical user interface for setting up MA/E3D “.in” files.

  • Provides tutorial help to successful setup.

  • Data sets, stations, grids all defined with geographic lat/lon (have to decide on WGS84, NAD27, etc.).

  • Easy configuration of problems at all scales and computational difficulties- 10 Mb to 100 Gb.

  • After setup, “portal pack” is downloaded to cluster and run.

  • Open source: www.seismo.unr.edu/ma

  • Limits: flat earth; no topography; 1-D variations within basins & bedrock; source and stations in same grid.


Ma cme provides a tutorial gui to e3d set up a grid
MA-CME provides a tutorial GUI to E3D Model Assembler Community Modeling Environment (MA-CME)Set up a Grid:


Define execution platform
Define Execution Platform Model Assembler Community Modeling Environment (MA-CME)


Define earthquake source
Define Earthquake Source Model Assembler Community Modeling Environment (MA-CME)


Define rule base
Define Rule Base Model Assembler Community Modeling Environment (MA-CME)


Arrange basin thickness geotech inputs
Arrange Basin-Thickness (& Geotech) Inputs Model Assembler Community Modeling Environment (MA-CME)


Request output data
Request Output Data Model Assembler Community Modeling Environment (MA-CME)


Three nevada scenarios
Three Nevada Scenarios Model Assembler Community Modeling Environment (MA-CME)

Reno

2) Genoa FZ M7.5

1) Frenchman M5.0

3) Furnace Cr FZ M7.5

Las Vegas


Frenchman mountain fault
Frenchman Mountain Fault Model Assembler Community Modeling Environment (MA-CME)

  • 4x4-km N-striking M5.0 scenario

  • West-dipping oblique-normal

  • Late Quaternary (<130 ka)

  • Less than 0.2 mm/yr

  • By Amr Wakwak (Fulbright PLUS Program)


Frenchman mountain fault1
Frenchman Mountain Fault Model Assembler Community Modeling Environment (MA-CME)

Scott et al. (2006) Vs30 model from 1100+ wells, 79 Vs profiles.

Thanks to W. Taylor of UNLV & G. Wagoner of LLNL


Frenchman mountain fault2
Frenchman Mountain Fault Model Assembler Community Modeling Environment (MA-CME)

Langenheim et al. model from gravity, refraction, a few deep wells.


Frenchman mountain fault3
Frenchman Mountain Fault Model Assembler Community Modeling Environment (MA-CME)

Animation combines inputs and outputs.

E3D computation at 0.3 Hz on a 144x137 grid with dh=308 m.

Grid resolution is a good match to cell phone displays.


Frenchman mountain fault4
Frenchman Mountain Fault Model Assembler Community Modeling Environment (MA-CME)

PGV >5 cm/s above west-dipping fault at 0.3 Hz.

Sub-basins contain the greatest shaking.


Frenchman mountain fault5
Frenchman Mountain Fault Model Assembler Community Modeling Environment (MA-CME)

Schools closest to the fault experience greatest PGV but shortest durations.


Genoa fault mount rose fault systems
Genoa Fault – Mount Rose Fault Systems Model Assembler Community Modeling Environment (MA-CME)

Virginia Lake

  • 80 km long, M7.5

  • East-dipping oblique-normal

  • Latest Quaternary (<15 ka)

  • 1.0-5.0 mm/yr

  • Northward rupture scenario from W. Fork Carson Riv. to Virginia Lake

  • By Rei Arai

W. Fork Carson Riv.


Genoa mount rose scenario ma cme adds geotech basins
Genoa – Mount Rose Scenario: Model Assembler Community Modeling Environment (MA-CME)MA-CME adds Geotech & Basins

Scott et al. (2004) Vs30 transect.

Pancha measurements at ANSS stations.

“Quadrant” interpolation between scattered measurements, respecting geologic map.

Vs30=500 m/s assumed on sediment, 760 m/s (white and cyan) on rock.


Genoa mount rose scenario ma cme adds geotech basins1
Genoa – Mount Rose Scenario: Model Assembler Community Modeling Environment (MA-CME)MA-CME adds Geotech & Basins

Three datasets, not well stitched together:

  • Geologic map with basin depths assumed from bedrock proximity, in California.

  • Jachens et al. USGS basin gravity inversions for Basin & Range; sedimentary plus Tertiary volcanic basins.

  • Abbott & Louie (2000) Reno basin gravity study.


Genoa fault mount rose fault systems1
Genoa Fault – Mount Rose Fault Systems Model Assembler Community Modeling Environment (MA-CME)

Dataset mismatches plain in model renderings.

Extreme directivity effect.

E3D computation at 0.3 Hz on a 120x200 grid with dh=500 m.

Olsen and Day Q model included.


Genoa fault mount rose fault systems2
Genoa Fault – Mount Rose Fault Systems Model Assembler Community Modeling Environment (MA-CME)

West Reno basin, above end of rupture, has 5x the PGV of any other basin near fault.

Highest shaking not correlated with basin depth- Tahoe artificially deep in this model.

Dataset boundaries not interfering with these conclusions.


Genoa fault mount rose fault systems3
Genoa Fault – Mount Rose Fault Systems Model Assembler Community Modeling Environment (MA-CME)

West Reno stations have high PGV and long durations.


Northern death valley fault zone
Northern Death Valley Fault Zone Model Assembler Community Modeling Environment (MA-CME)

Ubehebe Crater

  • 80 km long

  • Dextral strike-slip

  • 1.0- 5.0 mm/yr

  • Latest Quaternary (<15 ka)

  • Two M7.5 scenarios:

    • Rupture from SE, epicenter at Furnace Crk.

    • Rupture from NW, epicenter at Ubehebe Ctr.

  • By Liz Lenox

Furnace Creek


Northern death valley fault zone1
Northern Death Valley Fault Zone Model Assembler Community Modeling Environment (MA-CME)

Jachens USGS geologic map sets default soil and rock Vs30s.

Scott et al. (2006) Vs30 model from 1100+ wells, 79 Vs profiles inserted for LVV.


Northern death valley fault zone2
Northern Death Valley Fault Zone Model Assembler Community Modeling Environment (MA-CME)

Jachens Basin & Range gravity inversions for sedimentary & volcanic basins.

Timber Mtn. caldera & rifts up to 8 km deep.

Langenheim et al. model from gravity, refraction, a few deep wells inserted for LVV.


No death val furnace cr fault zone
No. Death Val. - Furnace Cr. Fault Zone Model Assembler Community Modeling Environment (MA-CME)

Animation combines inputs and outputs.

E3D computation at 0.3 Hz on a 281x251 grid with dh=1 km.

Infinite Q.

The two rupture scenarios have very different effects.

Get the scenario animations on your cell phone from www.seismo.unr.edu/ma/


Northern death valley fault zone3
Northern Death Valley Fault Zone Model Assembler Community Modeling Environment (MA-CME)

For rupture away from city, PGV <<1 cm/s in LVV.

Clear directivity in this long-period simulation.


Northern death valley fault zone4
Northern Death Valley Fault Zone Model Assembler Community Modeling Environment (MA-CME)

For rupture toward city, PGV >1 cm/s in LVV.

Clear directivity in this long-period simulation.

Basins between DV and LVV are spreading the directivity effect to wider angles from the fault strike.


Northern death valley fault zone5
Northern Death Valley Fault Zone Model Assembler Community Modeling Environment (MA-CME)

Ratio of PGV from rupture toward LVV, over away.

Largest amplifications due to directivity are in bedrock.

Some margins of LVV also show 1500% amplifications.


Northern death valley fault zone6
Northern Death Valley Fault Zone Model Assembler Community Modeling Environment (MA-CME)

Compare PGV of 2679 areas, each 1-km2, in LVV against Vs30 and Z2.0.


Northern death valley fault zone7

Vs30 affecting 1.5-km waves! Model Assembler Community Modeling Environment (MA-CME)

Northern Death Valley Fault Zone


Northern death valley fault zone8
Northern Death Valley Fault Zone Model Assembler Community Modeling Environment (MA-CME)

Uncertainty in PGV


Conclusions
Conclusions Model Assembler Community Modeling Environment (MA-CME)

  • Students can use MA-CME to set problems up, but plotting and visualizing are still lots of work.

  • Scenario Results:

    • M7.5 Genoa–Mt. Rose– Reno basin at end of rupture gets 5 times the PGV of any other.

    • M5.0 Frenchman Mtn.– high PGV accompanied by short duration, concentrated by deep basin structure.

    • M7.5 No. Death Valley– rupture toward city produces up to 15 times the PGV as rupture away.

      • At long periods, 0.3 Hz, E3D is producing huge uncertainties in PGV.


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