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The Business of Dying. The Corporatization of Hospice. Rob Stone MD FAAHPM All Souls Day, 2013. Woody Allen. “More than any other time in history, mankind faces a crossroads. One path leads to despair and utter hopelessness. . The other, to total extinction.

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The Business of Dying

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The business of dying
The Business of Dying

The Corporatization of Hospice

Rob Stone MD FAAHPM

All Souls Day, 2013


Woody allen
Woody Allen

“More than any other time in history, mankind faces a crossroads. One path leads to despair and utter hopelessness.

The other, to total extinction.

Let us pray we have the wisdom to choose correctly.”


Questions to consider
Questions to Consider

  • How are hospice services reimbursed, and therefore, how to game the system?

  • How have for-profit entities changed the “hospice industry”?

  • Are non-profit hospices any better?


The business of dying

In the Business of Dying: Questioning the Commercialization of Hospice

Joshua E. Perry and Robert C. Stone

“ In our society, some aspects of life are off-limits to commerce. We prohibit the selling of children and the buying of wives, juries, and kidneys. Tainted blood is an inevitable consequence of paying blood donors; even sophisticated laboratory tests cannot supplant the gift-giving relationship as a safeguard of the purity of blood. Like blood, health care is too precious, intimate, and corruptible to entrust to the market.”

- Woolhandler and Himmelstein NEJM 1999

journal of law, medicine & ethics cost and end-of-life care • summer 2011


Hospice basics
Hospice Basics of Hospice

  • Reimbursed by Medicare and all others

  • 6 month life expectancy

  • Forgo life-prolonging treatments

  • Focus on comfort care and family support


Basics ii
Basics II of Hospice

  • Began in US in 70’s – volunteer/charity/community based

  • Medicare benefit 1982

  • Transformation to for-profit in the 90’s (just like the health insurance industry)

  • Over 50% of hospices now for-profit*

  • Medicare hospice spending $13 billion*

*MedPAC 2010


Hospice capitation lives
Hospice: Capitation Lives of Hospice

  • Hospice assumes (almost) the total cost of care of the dying patient

  • Reimbursed on per diem

  • Costs are high at admission and death, low in between


Hospice capitalism lives
Hospice: Capitalism Lives of Hospice

  • Recruiting patients who live long pays well (for-profit LOS 45% > than non-profit*)

  • High patient/staff ratios are profitable

  • Nursing home patients fit both criteria

  • Pizza and pens give way to:

    “House brand” hospice – , part of SNF chain

*MedPAC 2008


The business of dying

Office of Hospiceof Public Affairs FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

Tuesday, January 3, 2012

US Files Complaint Against National Chain of Hospice Providers Alleging False Claims on the Medicare Program

“For-profit hospice companies like AseraCare are entitled to receive Medicare dollars only for Medicare recipients who are terminally ill.”



Vitas 1 4 9 market share
= VITAS of Hospice#1, 4.9% market share

= Healthcare Partners Community Hospice

HealthCare Partners =

#2, Market Cap 366M market share 4.6%

Includes VistaCare and Odyssey Hospice


The business of dying

Purchase price > $400 million. of HospiceGentiva becomes the “preferred hospice provider” for 49 Texas nursing homes.



Aahpm board of directors1
AAHPM Board of Directors of Hospice

Gentiva

VistaCare

Gentiva

HCP/Davita

VITAS

?


The business of dying

Peter of HospiceBrunnick, CEO, Hospice & Palliative Care Charlotte RegionCharlotte Business Journal 9/30/13
How will the ACA affect your business model?

“The Affordable Care Act has clearly shifted the focus of a hospice and palliative care provider towards the alignment and coordination of care throughout the community’s continuum of care. Historically, hospice providers were often siloed from other health-care providers, but health-care reform has clearly broadened our outlook and has identified that having a seat at the table is now an imperative. We remain clearly focused on the patient, but understanding our role in managing the health of an entire population has heightened our awareness and has identified the importance of reaching out from our traditional domain to dialogue and understand the roles and requirements of other providers.”

You can’t make this stuff up. From a non-profit CEO


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