South and SouthEast Asia. Focus of Study: Colonization and extreme weather. What is a subcontinent? It is a large landmass that is part of another continent but distinct from it. Sense of Direction…. Countries of South Asia. Countries of SouthEast Asia.
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Focus of Study:
Colonization and extreme weather
What is a subcontinent?
It is a large landmass that is part of another continent but distinct from it.
Countries of South Asia
Countries of SouthEast Asia
Brunei, Burma/Myanmar, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, East Timor, Christmas Islands, Singapore.
India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Maldives
Mount Everest is located in Nepal
.. CHRISTMAS ISLANDS
Himalaya Mountains, Indian Ocean, Bay of Bengal, Arabian Sea, Ganges River, Indus River.
Bangladesh- this country used to be East Pakistan but in 1971 it became its own nation.
New Delhi- New Delhi is the capital of India and seat of the executive, legislative, and judiciary branches of the Government of India.
Rice is the most important cropSouth AsiaReadtextbook pages 142-157
Effects of colonization and Religion
Islamabad- Islamabad is the capital city of Pakistan. Located
within the Islamabad Capital Territory, the population of the
city has grown from 95,940 in 1951 to 805,235 as of 1998 making
it the ninth largest city in the country.
Note… Conflicts between all of these nations and groups reveal patterns rooted in economic, social, political, and territorial tensions that result in change.
India, Pakistan and Bangladesh- continued hostilities are present between India and Pakistan since the dissolution of the British Indian Empire has taken place (1947).
The Conflict Continues- Pakistan and India both claim Kashmir, a mostly Muslim territory on the border between the two countries. Both countries want to control the entire region, mainly for its vast water resources.
The caste system was a social class based on a person’s ancestry. A person was born into a particular caste. People married within their caste, and certain occupations belonged to the specific castes. People could not move from one caste to another. The caste system still influences Indian life, although laws now forbid unfair treatment of one group by another.
Untouchablesare outcasts—people considered too impure, too polluted, to rank as worthy beings. Prejudice defines their lives, particularly in the rural areas, where nearly three-quarters of India's people live. Untouchables are shunned, insulted, banned from temples and higher caste homes, and made to eat and drink from separate utensils in public places. www.nationalgeographic.com
The British were the last of India’s conquerors, ruling from the 1700’s to the mid-1900’s. They built roads, railroads, and seaports that benefited only the British. They also made large profits from plantations, mines, and factories that they set up.
An Indian leader named Mohandas Gandhi led a nonviolent resistance movement to free India from British rule. India won it’s independence from the British in 1947.
Muslims were afraid that their voices would not be heard by the Hindu majority. East and West Pakistan were then created, one on each side of India.
In 1971, East Pakistan became the separate nation of Bangladesh.
About 80% on India’s people are Hindus, or followers of Hinduism. Hindus honor many gods and goddesses, which are often seen as expressions of one eternal spirit. Hinduism teaches that after the body dies, the soul is reborn, often in an animal or human form.
What is REINCARNATION? the process of the soul being reborn. It is repeated until the soul reaches perfection. For this reason, many Hindus believe it is wrong to kill any living creature. Cows are believed to be sacred and roam around freely.
Islam has over 140 million followers in India. Other religions include Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism, and Jainism. Conflict sometimes occurs among members of India’s different religious groups. The Sikhs, who practice Sikhism, believe in one God as Christians and Muslims do, yet Sikhs also have other beliefs similar to Hindus. Today, many Sikhs would like to form their own independent state.Religions
About 80% of India’s people are Hindu
Islamic Architecture-Most Buildings have domes out of respect for one of the most important buildings in all of Islamic culture the “Dome of the Rock”.
Hindu Architecture- A small Hindu temple consists of: an inner room in which their god is housed, a congregation hall,
sometimes a porch, crowned by a tower-like structure.Hindu and Islamic architecture and art
* Painting and sculpture are NOT thought of as the best forms of art
* Calligraphy is a major art-form
* Writing is important; Books are a major art- form
* Shapes and patterns are important
* People do not appear in specifically religious art
The differences between India and Pakistan
Islamic Textile- notice the shapes and patterns
* Extra Limbs-Extra limbs are seen on many of the Hindu gods in paintings and sculptures
* Lotus Flower-The lotus flower is seen constantly throughout the arts. The lotus flower represents purity & beauty
Brunei, Burma/Myanmar, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, East Timor, Christmas Islands, Singapore.Southeast AsiaReadtextbook pages 208-221
Essential Question- How does the environment affect the people who live along the Pacific Rim and the Indian Ocean?
Did you know that Bangkok is the capital of Thailand?
Monsoons- seasonal winds that blow over a continent for months at a time, cause the wet summers and dry winters.
Tsunamis- huge sea waves caused by under sea earthquakes that are very destructive.
Volcanoes- A volcano is an opening, or rupture, in the surface or crust of the Earth or a planetary mass object, which allows hot lava, volcanic ash and gases to escape from the magma chamber below the surface.
Earthquakes- An earthquake is the result of a sudden release of energy in the Earth's crust that creates seismic waves
Typhoons- hurricanes that occur in Asia.
“The Ring of Fire”- this is not the Johnny Cash song, this refers to an area surrounding the Pacific Ocean where the earth’s crust often shifts.
Which culture region is Japan part of?
“Japan’s Strict Building Codes Saved Lives”
Hidden inside the skeletons of high-rise towers, extra steel bracing, giant rubber pads and embedded hydraulic shock absorbers make modern Japanese buildings among the sturdiest in the world during a major earthquake. And all along the Japanese coast, tsunami warning signs, towering seawalls and well-marked escape routes offer some protection from walls of water.
These precautions, along with earthquake and tsunami drills that are routine for every Japanese citizen, show why Japan is the best-prepared country in the world for the twin disasters of earthquake and tsunami — practices that undoubtedly saved lives, though the final death toll is unknown.
In Japan, where earthquakes are far more common than they are in the United States, the building codes have long been much more stringent on specific matters like how much a building may sway during a quake.
After the Kobe earthquake in 1995, which killed about 6,000 people and injured 26,000, Japan also put enormous resources into new research on protecting structures, as well as retrofitting the country’s older and more vulnerable structures. Japan has spent billions of dollars developing the most advanced technology against earthquakes and tsunamis.
-New York Times article dated March 2011
A bus stop was crushed by part of a wall that had fallen from a nearby building in the city of Sendai, where a tsunami roared over embankments.
Terraces are the product of massive highly organized human efforts. They turn mountain slopes into oversized "stair steps" of narrow fields, each held up by a retaining wall. Each step is irrigated by water transported down the mountainside from springs, rivers, or reservoirs, using a complex network of canals, sluices, and pipes. The terraces allow the hillside to be cultivated with a minimum of soil erosion; they serve to keep irrigation water on the fields.
Asia (from Fred Pearce in Eurozone)
PopulationSoutheast Asia has a large population of 574,902,047 and it is growing very quickly. Indonesia, with 230 million people, is the country with the 4th highest population in the world. The other countries have much lower populations, but together, it is a lot. In general, more people live in those areas of Southeast Asia that are near water, with rivers or the ocean. Java, an island in Indonesia is one of the most densely populated islands in the world. Singapore, the smallest country in size, has the highest population density, with 6,336 people per square mile.
The peninsula has a lot of people who live in the rural areas and work in agriculture. More of the land on the peninsula is arable, which means land that is good for growing crops. On both the islands and the peninsula, a lot of people are moving from the country to the cities. This movement is sometimes hard because it is hard to make sure there are enough resources for all the new people, especially when the areas are poor. This movement is called urbanization. There are at least 15 cities in Southeast Asia with a population of over one million. -www.geoverse.comWhere do most people live?
The coastal regions are more populated
Analyze the map above to see where most people live in Asia…