Orientation on coordinated assessments the iasc needs assessment task force
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Orientation on coordinated assessments the iasc needs assessment task force

Orientation on Coordinated Assessments The IASC Needs Assessment Task Force


Iasc needs assessment task force

IASC Needs Assessment Task Force

“To harmonise and promote cross-sector needs assessment initiatives for consistent, reliable and timely data on humanitarian needs in complex emergencies and natural disasters to strengthen informed decision-making and improve humanitarian response”


Key outputs

Guidance

Operational Guidance on Coordinated Assessments

Tools

Key Humanitarian Indicators

Multi Cluster/Sector Initial and Rapid Assessment

Humanitarian Dashboard

Capacity building

Coordinated Assessment Pool and Roster

Training

Key Outputs


Defining coordinated assessments

Defining Coordinated Assessments

Coordinated assessments are “assessments which are planned and carried out in partnership by humanitarian actors (…) with the results shared with the broader humanitarian community”. There are two types of coordinated assessments:

  • Harmonized Assessment: This is when data collection processing and analysis is undertaken separately, however the data is sufficiently comparable to be compiled into a single database, and to serve as the subject of a shared analysis.

  • Joint Assessment: This is when data collection, processing and analysis form one single process among agencies within and between clusters/sectors. This leads to a single report. This is sometimes also referred to as a 'common assessment'. The MIRA is a joint assessment.


Coordinated assessments in the program cycle

Coordinated Assessments in the Program Cycle


Operational guidance on coordinated assessments in emergencies

Operational Guidance on Coordinated Assessments in Emergencies

  • Policy framework that outlines the vision for coordinated assessments

  • Establishes a common understanding of how to lead and implement coordinated assessments and analysis in humanitarian crises.

THE IASC WORKING GROUP ENDORSED THE OG AT THE NOVEMBER 18 WORKING GROUP MEETING


Approaches to coordination

Approaches to Coordination

  • During the first 72 hours after a crisis (phase 1), an initial assessment, including secondary data, is undertaken to produce a Preliminary Scenario Definition that outlines the severity of the crisis, projects future trends, and informs the initial Flash Appeal. In the first two weeks (phase 2) a multi-cluster rapid assessment is undertaken jointly by Clusters, in order to support operational planning, and inform the revision of the Flash Appeal.Together these form the MIRA.

  • In the second two weeks (phase 3), Clusters harmonise the in-depth sectoral assessments undertaken by their members, and participate in inter-sectoral analysis. The Humanitarian Dashboard provides a process and platform to present this information.


Orientation on coordinated assessments the iasc needs assessment task force

Assessment Framework

MIRA (Multi-cluster Initial and Rapid Assessment)

Continued Inter-Cluster/Sector Assessment Coordination

MIRA (Multi-cluster Initial and Rapid Assessment)


Process for developing the mira

Process for Developing the MIRA

  • September 2010: Agreement to develop joint (common assessment approach) for the earliest stages of an emergency. Establishment of a small technical working group ( WHO, ACAPS, UNHCR, OCHA, WFP)

  • December 2010: NATF Workshop on the MIRA: Agreement on key conceptual issues

  • January to August 2011: NATF meetings/workshops to further define the MIRA

  • Technical briefs providing in-depth resources developed by ACAPS

  • September 2011: NATF inter-agency mission to Philippines to seek feedback on MIRA approach

  • Development of an action plan to field test the MIRA


Proposed components of mira action plan

Proposed Components of MIRA Action Plan

  • Focus on preparedness: Missions to support country teams to undertake a MIRA and coordinated assessment approach in a disaster

  • Global level surge: To undertake a multi-cluster assessment (MIRA)

  • Coordinated assessments in CAP countries

  • Lessons-learned

    Integration into other IASC groups (cluster sub-working group, CAP and preparedness)


Focus on preparedness critical

Focus on preparedness: Critical

  • The MIRA roll-out may consist of inter-agency sensitization missions (ie, Philippines) followed by sustained technical support as required.

  • Agencies to identify capacity to participate in preparedness missions/capacity-building exercises.

  • ACAPS/CASPAR roster (and others?) to provide longer-term technical support to countries to take on board NATF Operational Guidance and adapt the MIRA to national circumstances.

  • Training and capacity-building at national level. OCHA to provide assessment coordination function, working in partnership for training, technical support, etc. (in non-refugee settings)

  • Lessons learned should be fed back to the NATF to revise tools, training materials, etc.


Global surge capacity

Global Surge Capacity

  • HQ level surge only in major emergencies

  • Should be configured in line with the rapid response mechanism proposed by the IASC Principals Task Team.

  • Clusters and OCHA should ensure capacity is available to deploy in mega-emergencies to assume clear functions.

  • These MIRA HQ teams should be pre-trained at HQ level and activated in line with rapid response mechanisms and agencies’/clusters’ own surge systems.

  • Need to test the MIRA in an emergency setting


Coordinated assessments in cap countries

Coordinated assessments in CAP countries

Reviewing assessment data and gaps

Maintaining a Humanitarian Dashboard to track ongoing needs and coverage

Undertaking assessments to fill information gaps as part of the mid-year review of the CAP and new CAP process at end of year

Identifying capacity-building and technical support requirements for country team to improve assessment outputs


Orientation on coordinated assessments the iasc needs assessment task force

Conclusions

  • Need to focus on operationalising tools and guidance- shift to the country level

  • Ongoing normative work required especially in relation to incorporating lessons learned and improving the Humanitarian Dashboard

  • Mainstreaming through other IASC mechanisms rather than a stand-alone approach


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