Stress accentuation
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Stress & Accentuation. Mrs. O. Pacheco Spanish III-IV. Dividing Syllables. Division of Syllables 1-2-3-4-5 : Make syllables one consonant first followed by one vowel. (as much as possible and wherever possible) Examples: (Put more stress on the bold syllable) CA -SA = house

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Stress & Accentuation

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Stress accentuation

Stress & Accentuation

Mrs. O. Pacheco

Spanish III-IV


Dividing syllables

Dividing Syllables

Division of Syllables 1-2-3-4-5:

  • Make syllables one consonant first followed by one vowel. (as much as possible and wherever possible)

    Examples:(Put more stress on the bold syllable)

    CA-SA = house

    GA-TO = cat

    TE-LÉ-FO-NO = telephone

    MA-MÁ = mom

    GOR-DO = fat

    A-NO-CHE = last night


2 only one strong vowel per syllable

2.Only one strong vowel per syllable.

  • STRONG VOWELS:    A    E    O    Í    Ú   

  • WEAK VOWELS:    I    or    U   (without a written accent mark).

    • Examples:(Put more stress on the bold syllable)

      • TO-A-LLA = towel

      • A-E-RO-PUER-TO = airport

      • O-SO = bear

      • FE-O = ugly

      • TÍ-O = uncle


Stress accentuation

NOTE:

  • The letter I or U (without a written accent mark) can be alone only at the beginning of a word.Examples:(Put more stress on the bold syllable)

    • U-RU-GUAY = Uruguay

    • I-TA-LIA = Italy

    • U-NI-DO = united

    • I-GUAL = same I-GUA-NA = iguana

    • LOS   ES-TA-DOS   U-NI-DOS = The United States


3 never separate a diphthong

3. Never separate a diphthong

  • What is a diphthong?

    • A DIPHTHONG is when you see -- I or U together with any other vowel.

  • NOTE: I or U must be without a written accent mark. The other vowel may or may not have a written accent mark.

    • Examples:(Put more stress on the bold syllable)

      • JUAN = John

      • MA-RIO = Mario

      • CA-MIÓN = truck

      • BUE-NO = good

      • PIA-NO = piano

      • AC-CIÓN = action

      • ES-TU-DIAN-TE = student

      • PUER-TA = door


Stress accentuation

NOTE:

  • Do divide when it is not a diphthong.

    • When the letter I or U has a written accent mark, it becomes strong.

      • Examples:(Put more stress on the bold syllable)

        • DÍ-AS = days

        • TÍ-O = uncle

        • MA-RÍ-A = Mary

        • PA-RA-Í-SO = paradise


4 divide two consonants that are between two vowels

4. Divide two consonants that are between two vowels.

  • Examples:(Put more stress on the bold syllable)

    • ¿CUÁN-DO? = when

    • ¿DÓN-DE? = where

    • PRIN-CI-PAL = principal

    • CAR-TE-RO = mailman


Exception

EXCEPTION:

  • When the letter L or R has a consonant before and a vowel after, keep them all together in the same syllable.

    • Examples:(Put more stress on the bold syllable)

      • PRI-MO = cousin

      • INS-TRU-MEN-TO = instrument

      • CLA-SE = class

      • ES-TRE-CHO = narrow

      • DIA-BLO = devil

      • DO-BLA-DI-LLO = hem


Never separate

Never separate:

  • CH, LL, RR -- They are considered one letter.

    • Examples:(Put more stress on the bold syllable)

      • CHI-NA = China

      • MU-CHA-CHO = teen boy

      • PE-RRO = dog (m)

      • CA-RRI-TO = little car

      • GA-LLO = rooster

      • A-MA-RI-LLO = yellow


Stress accentuation

NOTE:

  • Divide these two double consonants: CC & NN.

    • Examples:(Put more stress on the bold syllable)

      • AC-CIÓN = action

      • IN-NU-ME-RA-BLE = innumerable

      • RE-AC-CIÓN = Reaction

      • IN-NE-CE-SA-RIO = unnecessary


Spanish rules of stress

Spanish Rules of Stress

  • For words with a written accent mark:

  • If a word has a written accent mark, then put more stress on the syllable with the written accent mark (á-é-í-ó-ú - only vowels have a written accent mark).

    • Example: Mé-xi-co        Pe-rú             Pa-na-má

  • For words without a written accent mark:

  • If a word ends in a consonant, except N or S, then put more stress on the last syllable:

    • Example: pa-pel          can-tar          ha-blar

  • If a word ends in a vowel, N or S, then put more stress on the next to the last syllable:

    • Example: ga-to          ha-blo


Accentuation rules

Accentuation Rules

  • There are four categories of multisyllabic words in Spanish, as far as stress is concerned. A word's stress category has to do with which syllable is tónica. 

    • Palabras llanas are stressed on the next to the last syllable (la penúltima). 

    • Palabras agudas are stressed on the last syllable (la última). 

    • Palabras esdrújulas are stressed on the third to the last syllable (la antepenúltima). 

    • Palabras sobresdrújulas are stressed on the fourth to the last syllable. 


Palabras llanas

Palabrasllanas

All of the following words are stressed on the next to last syllable (o la penúltimasílaba).

  • no - che

  • ár - bol

  • bi - go - te

  • pe - rro

  • ca - ba - llo

  • co - ci - na

  • fa - bu - lo - so

  • lib - ro

  • ac - ci - den - te

  • fi - lo - so - fí - a

  • es - ta - cio - nes

  • hi - jos

  • cés - ped

  • hue - so

  • sa - ra - pe


Palabras agudas

Palabrasagudas

Each of the following words is stressed on the last syllable (o la últimasílaba).

  • fri - jol

  • can - tar

  • hab - ló

  • an - dén

  • so - por - tar

  • sen - tí

  • ma - ra - tón

  • re - loj

  • ñan - dú

  • baj - ó

  • sar - tén

  • pin - cel


Palabras esdr julas

Palabrasesdrújulas

All of the follwing words are stressed on the third to the last syllable (o la antepenúltimasílaba). Notice that esdrújulas always have a written accent mark.

  • fan - tás - ti - co

  • pa - ra - lí - ti - co

  • én - fa - sis

  • es - tú - pi - dos

  • lu - ciér - na - ga

  • mur - cié - la - go

  • es - drú - ju - la

  • miér - co - les

  • ri - dí - cu - lo

  • an - gé - li - cas

  • sín - te - sis

  • a - ná - li - sis


Palabras sobresdr julas

Palabrassobresdrújulas

All of the follwing words are stressed on the fourth to the last syllable (¡o la preantepenúltima sílaba!).  Notice that sobresdrújulas always have a written accent mark.Notice also that in each of them the last two syllables are attached pronouns.

  • fu - mán - do - me - la

  • es - cri - bién - do - se - lo

  • di - cién - do - me - lo


The written accent mark

THE WRITTEN ACCENT MARK

  • One-syllable words DO NOT have a written accent mark unless they are used to distinguish one word from its homonym pair. (si = if; sí = yes)

  • If a word ends in a vowel (a, e, i, o, u) or n or s and it is not llana, put an accent mark over the stressed syllable. 

  • If a word ends in a consonant (other than n or s) and it is not aguda, put an accent mark over the stressed syllable. 

  • An accent mark will also be placed over a weak vowel (u or i) in order to break an automatic diphthong.


Words that end in a vowel or n or s and are not llanas

Words that end in a vowel (or "n" or "s") and are not llanas

  • ha - bló

  • viv - vió

  • can - té

  • sar - tén

  • cor - tés

  • fre - ne - sí

  • mas - ti - có

  • pon - dréis

  • Tim - buk - tú


Words that end in a consonant not n or s and are not agudas

Words that end in a consonant (not "n" or "s") and are not agudas

  • ár - bol

  • cés - ped

  • chó - fer

  • pós - ter

  • di - fí - cil

  • fá - cil


Breaking natural diphthongs

Breaking natural diphthongs

  • ba- úl

  • rí - o

  • ha - cí - a

  • a - ún

  • Ma - rí - a

  • con - ti - nú - a

  • pa - na - de - rí - a

  • mí - a

  • dú - o


Practice divide mention where are these words stressed

Practice: Divide & mention where are these words stressed.

  • Para

  • Preguntar

  • Todavía

  • Colocar

  • Marcador

  • Carro

  • Noviembre

  • Once

  • Estación

  • Entonces

  • mañana

12. Pedro

13. Papel

14. Río

15. Computadora

16. Televisión

17. Costumbre

18. Calculadora

19. Cartel

20. Rosado

21. Falda

22. Hipocresía

23. Papelera


Practica silabas t nicas y acentuaci n

Practica: Silabas Tónicas y Acentuación

  • Click on the link(s) below:

    • http://www.hayrocket.com/cabrillo/cis132/project/accents-practice.php

    • http://www.editorialteide.com/replay/Flash/replay.asp?id0=pTKw50Anm2Ok6ODh50lXo3au7OPks7Ei60Sf7JIuu5PS0VFIy1Tf83Id0Q8sb1mq83BgeRJD18Xb01MqgLCn16Qed8Fb3FNRh4CO&IdIdioma=1&id3=3

    • http://www.editorialteide.com/replay/Flash/replay.asp?id0=yETg83Jwv6Xt0XMq04uHx6je1YYuc1Nr04Co2SRfe8YC3GOriMDp26Rm4AHckNva37kpnBSM4HHk35Wa5ULx50Ann2Pk6OWBq7Mx&IdIdioma=1&id3=3


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