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Leukemia . By: Nora Homsi  . What Is Leukemia? . Cancer that starts in the stem cells of the bone marrow in the body that makes blood cells . Stem cells are then developed into Myeloid and Lymphoid Stem Cells. Myeloid= Red Blood Cell, Platelets, White Blood Cells

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leukemia

Leukemia

By: Nora Homsi 

what is leukemia
What Is Leukemia?
  • Cancer that starts in the stem cells of the bone marrow in the body that makes blood cells.
  • Stem cells are then developed into Myeloid and Lymphoid Stem Cells.
  • Myeloid= Red Blood Cell, Platelets, White Blood Cells
  • Lymphoid= White Blood Cells
different types of leukemia
Different Types Of Leukemia

2 TYPES

  • Lymphoid

(develop from abnormal lymphoid cells.)

  • Myelogenous

(develop from abnormal myeloid cells.)

FURTHER GROUPED

  • Chronic Lymphoid
  • Chronic Myelogenous
  • Acute Lymphoid
  • Acute Myelogenous
so what happens
So What Happens?
  • Leukemia starts
  • when the blood stem cells in the bone marrow make abnormal blood cells known as leukemia cells.
  • Over time, the leukemia cells crowd out normal blood cells.
  • This makes it hard for the white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets to do their jobs.
symptoms
Symptoms
  • Main Symptoms-
  • Bruising
  • Weakness
  • Bleeding
  • Pain
  • Loss of appetite
leukemia under microscope
Leukemia Under Microscope

Stain: SP1000i.

& (B)

Chronic MyelogenousLeukemia, bone marrow, ×1000.

(C) & (D)

Acute MyeloidLeukemia,

bone marrow, ×1000.

http://labmed.ascpjournals.org/content/40/12/719/F1.expansion.html

causes of leukemia
Causes of leukemia

None known of…yet!

Increase risks of developing leukemia are:

  • Previous treatment of radiation
  • Exposure to chemicals (benzene)
  • Having a genetic disorder (down syndrome)
  • Family history (a member having it)
diagnosing leukemia
Diagnosing Leukemia

Blood Tests- Blood is taken and studied to see if the different types of blood cells are normal in number and appearance.

Imaging Studies- Imaging studies allow tissues, organs and bones to be looked at in more detail. 

Biopsy-

To diagnose leukemia, cells are removed from the bone marrow.

something extra
Something extra ;)

THE CIRCULATION SONG!!!!

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q0s-1MC1hcE

citation
Citation
  • http://www.cancer.ca/Canada-wide/About%20cancer/Types%20of%20cancer/What%20is%20leukemia.aspx?sc_lang=en
  • http://labmed.ascpjournals.org/content/40/12/719/F1.expansion.html
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