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中国基础教育的 新进展 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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中国基础教育的 新进展. 李连宁 2002. 8. 12. 一、我国已经基本形成了从沉重的人口负担转变成为人力资源的相对优势. 人力资源与人力资本. 一是 人力资源 : 人口数和劳动年龄人口数 , 如 15-64 岁人口;另一是 人力资本 , 通常用 15 岁以上人口平均受教育年数来表示 。这是反映一国人力资本总量包括两类重要衡量指标 .

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中国基础教育的 新进展

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2002. 8. 12


.


: ,15-64, 15 .

Barro and Lee


GDP2080901




200025401995165054%


()

(1997)(1997)(1997) * (1996)

: 42 % 93 % 67% 8

: 28% 123% 70% 9

2000

2001


8.72%



1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

4.38

4.61

4.94

5.51

6.08

7.11

2.70

3.27

3.64

4.10

4.52

5.06

7.78

8.51

8.74

8.96

9.23

9.47

9.27

9.23

9.77

10.5

9.77

10.0

9.69

11.9

11.6

11.7

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4.36

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Both individuals and countries benefit from education.


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1980

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5.51

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7.11

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4.52

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8.51

8.74

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Bureaucracy and the Supply of Public Output

  • Officials measure their power in terms of the size of their budget, not the efficiency of the outcome they generate. This causes bureaucrats to have a self-interest in inefficiently high levels of government spending.






1965-1995%

World Bank,2001


:

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  • 3316.34

  • 2311.39%

  • 188.91%

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.


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