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English Report. Class: 資工二乙 Members: 990213124 Yu-Chen Lian ( 連宇晨 ) 990213125 Po- Shen Chen ( 陳柏伸 ) 990213126 Tai-Xiang Lin ( 林泰祥 ) 990213131 Yu Jiang ( 姜宇 ) 990213133 Yi-Lung Huang ( 黃屹隆 ) 990213138 Da -Min Cai ( 蔡達民 ). Introduction :

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English report

English Report

Class: 資工二乙

Members:

990213124Yu-Chen Lian(連宇晨)

990213125Po-Shen Chen(陳柏伸)

990213126Tai-Xiang Lin(林泰祥)

990213131Yu Jiang(姜宇)

990213133Yi-Lung Huang(黃屹隆)

990213138Da-Min Cai(蔡達民)


Computer history

Introduction:

Our professional is closely related to the theme we chose.

And our favorite is how to upgrade hardware and speed operation.

The name “COMPUTER” is used for mathematical in early stage.

Now isused for scientific development and application.

Others like store data and make convenience of life …etc.(maybe have play games)

Our team will share with what we find in the near future.

Computer History


Subtheme1 inventing of the computer and structure at the early stage

SubTheme1.Inventing of the computer and structure at the early stage

  • The first generation of AD1940to1958:

    Design of the vacuum tube. The machine used 18,800 vacuum tubes, long 50 feet wide and 30 feet, an area of ​​1,500 square feet and weighs 30 tons.

    Its calculation speed, about one second over 300 multiplication can be done.


Subtheme1 inventing of the computer and structure at the early stage1

SubTheme1.Inventing of the computer and structure at the early stage

  • The second-generation AD1959to1963: Development of thetransistorin1948AD, theinventionhasbroughtgreatchangetothegeneralelectronics applications, especially computer.

    It makesthecomputerthe volumeis smaller,lighter,energy-saving,failure rate, and computing capacityfaster.


Subtheme1 inventing of the computer and structure at the early stage2

SubTheme1.Inventing of the computer and structure at the early stage

  • The third generation of AD1965to1970:

    VLSI design IBMthe SYSTEM-360 type, made​​fromsilicon, aconduction currentcrystal, aninchmorethantheeighthchipcontainselectronic components, to form a completeelectronic circuit.


Subtheme1 inventing of the computer and structure at the early stage3

SubTheme1.Inventing of the computer and structure at the early stage

  • The fourth generation of computer~1971AD: VLSI has been completed, and to promote the design of electronic circuits, data communications, computer hardware, software and input / output devices, the long-term progress.


English report

  • SubTheme2.The effect of computers on people’s life in nowadays

(1)convenience:

Information era, I believe that everyhousehold have at least one computer that whenever using MSN Messenger tofind classmates, friends or other half of the chat, provinces went to telephone charges,

but also can providethe ticket is to query a number of related.


English report

  • SubTheme2.The effect of computers on people’s life in nowadays

(1)convenience:

Message, relevant information, as well as bits and pieces of things in life, real-time news can immediately grasp theto,

in particular, know more after the launch of the identification at home by everyone’s favorite, why not understand, on a network, solvein order to fairly convenient.


English report

  • SubTheme2.The effect of computers on people’s life in nowadays

(2)replace newspapers, TV 24 hours of media communicators:

Recently hit the headlines of international media

KeLin Dayton scandal related to the dissemination of information and computer network density is not separable.

FourHundred and eighty-page report released directly in the Internet network, the full report immediately passed to the global, the global network.


English report

  • SubTheme2.The effect of computers on people’s life in nowadays

(2)replace newspapers, TV 24 hours of media communicators:

Users according to their own preferences to use a computer to identify key words, with a time convenient to read the report.


English report

  • SubTheme2.The effect of computers on people’s life in nowadays.

(3)the number of digital library:

Libraries have long interest with a computer index to help readers find information in recent years, computer processing information capabilityincrease in academic circles CD version of the magazines have replaced the printed versions,

not only to save issuance costs, and also facilitatein the computer index.


English report

  • SubTheme2.The effect of computers on people’s life in nowadays.

(3)the number of digital library:

EncyclopaediaBritannica, the year before to stop the popularity of the printed version issued by the CD-ROM version of takegeneration, more is not regular users, the introduction of network encyclopaedia, check how much how much to pay

.

Book information using the Internet network is no longer sold off, there may be from academia to the leisure and entertainment applications.


English report

  • SubTheme2.The effect of computers on people’s life in nowadays

(4)hours electronic:

Modernizing Government requested the service attitude of pro-cut, long time.

Staff to work more and more shortgovernment personnel budget more and more tightly, so that the government information services to replace the Internet router, you can solve part of the questionproblem.


English report

  • SubTheme2.The effect of computers on people’s life in nowadays

(4)hours electronic:

Although dull computer network, computer will not be tired, not disgruntled computer to provide servicesnot speak human,

and not succumb to the privileges, nor does it will make things difficult for the little people.


English report

  • SubTheme3. The computer’s type and basic structure in nowadays

(1)Desktop

Plus some computer peripheral computer components.

The basic components are: CPU, motherboard, memory, hard drives, burners, power supply, video card, the host shell.

Computer Peripherals: speakers, keyboard, mouse, screen, tablet.


English report

  • SubTheme3. The computer’s type and basic structure in nowadays

(2)Notebook(NB, laptop)

A laptop computer is a personal computer for mobile use.

A laptop integrates most of the typical components of a desktop computer, including a display, a keyboard, a pointing device (a touchpad, also known as a track pad or pointing stick) and speakers into a single unit.

A laptop is powered by mains electricity via an AC adapter, and can be used away from an outlet using a rechargeable battery. Laptops are also sometimes called notebook computers or notebooks.


English report

  • SubTheme3. The computer’s type and basic structure in nowadays

(2)Notebook(NB, laptop)

Portable computers, originally monochrome CRT-based and developed into the modern laptops, were originally considered to be a small niche market, mostly for specialized field applications such as the military, accountants and sales representatives.

As portable computers became smaller, lighter, cheaper, more powerful and as screens became larger and of better quality, laptops became very widely used for all sorts of purposes, by all sorts of people.


English report

  • SubTheme3. The computer’s type and basic structure in nowadays

(3)Tablet PC

A tablet computer, or a tablet, is a mobile computer, larger than a mobile phone or personal digital assistant, integrated into a flat touch screen and primarily operated by touching the screen rather than using a physical keyboard. It often uses an onscreen virtual keyboard, a passive stylus pen, or a digital pen.


English report

  • SubTheme3. The computer’s type and basic structure in nowadays

(3)Tablet PC

The term may also apply to a variety of form factors that differ in position of the screen with respect to a keyboard. The standard form is called slate, which does not have an integrated keyboard but may be connected to one with a wireless link or a USB port.

Convertible notebook computers have an integrated keyboard that can be hidden by a swivel joint or slide joint, exposing only the screen for touch operation.


English report

  • SubTheme3. The computer’s type and basic structure in nowadays

(3)Tablet PC

Hybrids have a detachable keyboard so that the touch screen can be used as a stand-alone tablet. Booklets include two touch screens, and can be used as a notebook by displaying a virtual keyboard in one of them.

Early examples of the information tablet concept originated in the 19th and 20th centuries mainly as prototypes and concept ideas; prominently, Alan Kay's Dynabook of 1968. The first commercial portable electronic devices based on the concept appeared at the end of the 20th century.


English report

  • SubTheme3. The computer’s type and basic structure in nowadays

(3)Tablet PC

During the 2000s Microsoft attempted a relatively unsuccessful product line with Microsoft Tablet PC, which carved a niche market at hospitals and outdoor businesses.

In 2010, Apple released the iPad, which used touch screen technology similar to that used in their iPhone and became the first mobile computer tablet to achieve worldwide commercial success.


English report

  • SubTheme3. The computer’s type and basic structure in nowadays

(3)Tablet PC

Besides having most PC computer capabilities, popular, typical tablet computers purchased in the last year include wireless Internet browsing functions, potential cell phone functions, GPS navigation, and video camera functions, weigh around two or three pounds (1-1.5 kilograms) and typically have a battery life of three to ten hours.

In many ways the functions and purposes of laptops and tablets and smartphones are drawing closer.


English report

  • SubTheme3. The computer’s type and basic structure in nowadays.

(4) All in one PC

Is the integration of a microprocessor, speakers and monitors as one desktop computer. Apple has introduced several models of one market, for example, the original Macintosh in the 1980s and 90's and 00's iMac.

One machine is usually lighter than a typical desktop computer then, most of the one in the body with the handle.


English report

  • SubTheme3. The computer’s type and basic structure in nowadays.

(4) All in one PC

Such as notebook computers, and machine characteristics are difficult to upgrade and customize the hardware, because all the built-in hardware may be placed directly behind the monitor.

Memory hard drive can be upgraded, most of the other can not be upgraded.

Can choose to use the big-screen prices will be lower than the NB.


English report

  • SubTheme3. The computer’s type and basic structure in nowadays.

(4) Industrial PC(IPC)

Industrial PCs are used primarily for process control and/or data acquisition. In some cases, an Industrial PC is simply used as a front-end to another control computer in a distributed processing environment.

Software can be custom written for a particular application or an off-the-shelf package such as Wonder Ware, Labtech Notebook or LabView can be used to provide a base level of programming.


English report

  • SubTheme3. The computer’s type and basic structure in nowadays.

(4) Industrial PC(IPC)

An application may simply require the I/O such as the serial port offered by the motherboard.

In other cases, expansion cards are installed to provide analog and digital I/O, specific machine interface, expanded communications ports, and so forth, as required by the application.


English report

  • SubTheme3. The computer’s type and basic structure in nowadays.

(4) Industrial PC(IPC)

Industrial PCs offer features different from consumer PCs in terms of reliability, compatibility, expansion options and long-term supply.

Industrial PCs are typically characterized by being manufactured in lower volumes than home or office PCs.

A common category of industrial PC is the 19-inch rack mount form factor.


English report

  • SubTheme3. The computer’s type and basic structure in nowadays.

(4) Industrial PC(IPC)

Industrial PCs typically cost considerably more than comparable office style computers with similar performance. Single-board computers and backplanes are used primarily in Industrial PC systems.

However, the majority of industrial PCs aremanufactured with COTS motherboards.


English report

  • SubTheme3. The computer’s type and basic structure in nowadays

(4) Industrial PC(IPC)

A subset of industrial PCs is the Panel PC where a display, typically an LCD, is incorporated into the same enclosure as the motherboard and other electronics. These are typically panel mounted and often incorporate touch screens for user interaction.

They are offered in low cost versions with no environmental sealing, heavier duty models sealed to IP67 standards to be waterproof at the front panel and including models which are explosion proof for installation into hazardous environments.


Subtheme4 upgrading and price comparison of hardware

SubTheme4.Upgrading and price comparison of hardware


Subtheme5 csie commonly used software

SubTheme5.CSIE commonly used software

(1)Eclipse:

IDE platform is use JAVA for coding, it have active community and many plug-in.

(IDE mean the "Integrated Development Environment" that it is a Integrated development environment)

Simply, you can use it to develop programming and write JAVA, PHP, MYSQL, and PYTHON (but above in addition to JAVA, others must to do some setting)

I thought of screen is cleaner than others, however the startup and installation also is fast.


Subtheme5 csie commonly used software1

SubTheme5.CSIE commonly used software

(2)Cisco Packet Tracer:

Packet Tracer is a virtual program to design networks connection.

Because of router (or devices) is too expensive to cause general people being not easy to possess the more than two routers and with 2 computers conducting forward the packets.


Subtheme5 csie commonly used software2

SubTheme5.CSIE commonly used software

(2)Cisco Packet Tracer:

Therefore, Packet Tracer provides a convenient practice for everyone, laying the virtual device that you want in virtual network.

For example, you can via PC to remote login the virtual router or switch, starts to set these functions, just like a physical device!


Subtheme5 csie commonly used software3

SubTheme5.CSIE commonly used software

(3)VMware Workstation:

VMware can achieve to create many virtual computers simultaneously, these in addition to install own Operating System independently, each also possess own virtual hard, memory and the other hard devices.

It also have exclusive BIOS is able to set functions and independent NIC.

Every computer can both share the above device of host, even can internet access through the host.


Subtheme4 csie commonly used software

SubTheme4.CSIE commonly used software

(4)Microsoft Visual Studio:

Microsoft Visual Studio (VS is called for short) is American Microsoft company for developing tools which a suite of products.

VS have the basic and complete development toolset, it includes most of tools needed at the entire Software life cycle, such as UML, Code Control Tools and Integrated Development Environment, which the object code apply at Microsoft for Supporting platform.


Subtheme4 csie commonly used software1

SubTheme4.CSIE commonly used software

(4)Microsoft Visual Studio:

For example, Microsoft Windows, Windows Mobile, Windows CE, .NET Framework, .NET Compact Framework and Microsoft Silverlight.


Subtheme5 csie commonly used software4

SubTheme5.CSIE commonly used software

(5)WIRESHARK:

The WIRESHARK (previously called Ethereal) is a Network Packet Analysis Software, which the function can be capturing packets, as much as possible for displaying the most detailed Network Packet Data.


Subtheme5 csie commonly used software5

SubTheme5.CSIE commonly used software

(5)WIRESHARK:

In the past, Network Packet Analysis Software is very expensive or belong technically gainful software, but WIRESHARK's occurrence changed all of this, let users is free to get the software and code.(WIRESHARK retain the authority to modify code and customized service).

These reasons are currently the most widely used software in the world.


Subtheme5 csie commonly used software6

SubTheme5.CSIE commonly used software

(6)PHOTOSHOP:

Adobe Photoshop (Ps is called for short) is a professional Image Processing Software, mainly deal with the pixels posed by digital imaging.

More and more peoples thought Photoshop is the best Image Processing Software since which operates easily, but with the famous 3D Studio Max comparisons; Photoshop is hard common since price is expensive.


Subtheme5 csie commonly used software7

SubTheme5.CSIE commonly used software

(7)TC201:

An installation is more concise and quickly programming software, it uses only the DOS interface software. Just using the C language compiler, but the disadvantage is that the interface is too simple, and there is hardly identify the character on the CMD.


Subtheme6 development trends in the technical

SubTheme6Development trends in the technical.

Early computers used vacuum tubes for components manufactured. therefore, the volume big, thermal differential, and the function is limited.

In order to improve these shortcomings, the transistor comes out, causes the computer system's volume changes is small

The microcircuit (IC) invention, causes the nail size the area, may hold many transistors, to the microprocessor (MPU) time, has increased the IC in unit area transistor number to hundreds of thousands of above, the volume is smaller, the power consumption are less.


Subtheme6 development trends in the technical1

SubTheme6Development trends in the technical.

The price is getting more and more reasonable.Individual use computer demand increases, causes the manufacturer competition to be intense, in addition the quantity produces cost reduction, urges computer's price rationalization.

At present so long as spends several thousand Yuan, then may have a speed and the function good personal computing, along with information time's oncoming, the low price computer is helpful in the promotion uses computer's popularization, and has the benign interaction to the computer technology's research and development.


English report

--The END--


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