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高考听力解题策略与技巧. 龙岩一中 俞菊仙. 一、高考英语听力对考生的要求. 1. 二、影响学生听力的几个因素. 2. 三、高考英语听力解题策略与技巧. 3. 四、夯实基础,培养听力的综合能力. 4. 提 纲. 一、高考英语听力对考生的要求. 1. 一、高考英语听力对考生的要求. 要求考生具备以下能力: ( 1 )理解主旨要义的能力; ( 2 )理解话语之间的逻辑关系,获取事实性的具体信息的能力; ( 3 )对所听内容做出简单推断的能力; ( 4 )从听力材料中提取信息和观点的能力; ( 5 )理解说话者意图、观点或态度的能力;

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高考听力解题策略与技巧

龙岩一中 俞菊仙

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一、高考英语听力对考生的要求

1

二、影响学生听力的几个因素

2

三、高考英语听力解题策略与技巧

3

四、夯实基础,培养听力的综合能力

4

提 纲
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一、高考英语听力对考生的要求
  • 要求考生具备以下能力:

(1)理解主旨要义的能力;

(2)理解话语之间的逻辑关系,获取事实性的具体信息的能力;

(3)对所听内容做出简单推断的能力;

(4)从听力材料中提取信息和观点的能力;

(5)理解说话者意图、观点或态度的能力;

(6)能听懂委婉的建议或劝告,识别不同语气所表达的不同情感的能力。

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二、影响学生听力的几个因素

1.语音知识

  • 例题1:Where is the shoe shop?

A. On the west side of the shopping centre.

B. Opposite the shopping centre.

C. Near the cafeteria.

  • 录音材料:

M: Could you tell me where the shoe shop is?

W: Yes. The shoe shop is on the east of the shopping centre, close to the cafeteria.

M: Thank you very much.

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1.语音知识
  • 例题 2:
  • Which is the speaker’s favorite place to read the newspaper?
  • A. The garden. B. The bedroom. C. The bathroom.
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1.语音知识
  • 例题3:How much is the book ?

A. $ 9.50 B. $ 9.15 C. $19.15

  • 录音材料:

M: Excuse me .Can you tell me how much the book is ?

W: Yes, it’s nine fifteen .

“-ty ” “-teen ” “thirteen” “thirty ” “fourteen ” “forty ”

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二、影响学生听力的几个因素

2.词汇因素

  • 例题 1:Where did Ted plan to go?
  • A. To the barber’s. B. To the office. C. To the centre.
  • 录音材料:
  • M: Hello, Lucy. This is Bob Smith in the centre. Is Ted there?
  • W: Not yet, Bob. He phoned me from the office 10 minutes ago to say that he was going to have his hair cut.
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2.词汇因素
  • 例题 2:Where does the conversation probably take place?
  • A. On a plane. B. On a bus. C. In a taxi.
  • 录音材料:
  • W: Fasten your seat belt please, sir?
  • M: Of course, I didn’t realize that we were going to land so soon.
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2.词汇因素
  • 例题3:Why can’t the man go swimming now?
  • A. He must meet his teacher.
  • B. He must attend a class.
  • C. He must go out with his girlfriend.
  • 录音材料:
  • W: John, do you want to go swimming with me today?
  • M: Sure. But I can’t leave now. I have an appointment with my professor at three o’clock.
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2.词汇因素
  • 例题4:Where does the conversation probably take place?
  • A. In a cinema. B. In a clothes shop.
  • C. In a photo shop.
  • 录音材料:
  • W: Excuse me, I want to have some films developed?
  • M: OK. Do you want it colour or black – and – white?
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2.词汇因素
  • 例题5:What are the speakers mainly discussing?
  • A. Making a phone call.
  • B. Traveling to New York.
  • C. Getting some small change.
  • 录音材料:
  • M: Excuse me. Can you lend me a coin? Have to make a phone call to New York.
  • W: I’m sorry. I don’t have any change. You can get some at the service desk, I think.
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二、影响学生听力的几个因素

3.句法和语法

  • 例题:When will the man stay at 5:00?
  • A. At home. B. At his office. C. At the train station.
  • 录音材料:
  • M: Give me a call when you get into town. I’ll pick you up at the train station.
  • W: Shall I call your office?
  • M: If you get in before 5:30 call the office. Other wise, call my home.
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二、影响学生听力的几个因素

4.文化与母语

  • 例题 1:What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
  • A. Neighbours. B. Classmates. C. Colleagues.
  • 录音材料:
  • M: So, you have just moved in next door. Do you need anything?
  • W: No, Not right now. But thanks.
  • M: Well, let me know if you do.
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4.文化与母语
  • 例题 2:What does the woman think of having friends?
  • A. It is unnecessary.
  • B. It is bad sometimes.
  • C. It makes his life interesting.
  • 录音材料:
  • M: My work has forced me to cancel all fun activities in my life. I can’t even see my friend on the weekend.
  • W: That doesn’t seem so bad. You have a good job, and you seem to be ready happy with it. Who need friends?
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二、影响学生听力的几个因素

俚语:

  • 例题:What do we know about Lucy?
  • A. She has caught a bad cold.
  • B. She refused the man’s invitation.
  • C. She will go dancing with the man.
  • 录音材料:
  • W: Did Lucy agree to go dancing with you this Friday evening?
  • M: Well, she turned up her nose at my invitation.
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三、高考英语听力解题策略与技巧

1.迅速浏览试题,明确内容方向

  • 例题:Why will the woman go to London?
  • A. To have a look at London.
  • B. To go with her friend.
  • C. To spend the weekend.
  • 录音材料:
  • M: Are you going to London for next weekend?
  • W: Yes, I will visit a friend of mine while I am there.
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三、高考英语听力解题策略与技巧

2.沉着冷静,精力集中

  • 例题:What are the speakers mainly talking about?
  • A. A picture. B. A drink. C. A book.
  • 录音材料:
  • W: Would you like a cup of tea?
  • M: No, thank you. Tell me about your book.
  • W: Oh, it’s not finished yet, but I have some of the pictures. Would you like to see them?
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2.沉着冷静,精力集中
  • 例题:What are the speakers mainly talking about?
  • A. An actor. B. A player. C. A waiter.
  • 录音材料:
  • M: I like the little kid in the movie. I can’t imagine anyone else playing at the role.
  • W: I like him too, he’s so cute.
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三、高考英语听力解题策略与技巧

3.抓住关健,推测答案

  • 通过常识推理
  • 例题:What are the speakers discussing?
  • A. A speech on television.
  • B. An article in the newspaper.
  • C. A meeting with the president.
  • 录音材料:
  • M: How did you like the president’s speech last night?
  • W: Unfortunately I got home too late last night to watch it.
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3.抓住关健,推测答案
  • 例题:What does the woman think of the car’s noise?
  • A. Funny. B. Boring. C. Tolerable.
  • 录音材料:
  • M: Do you think this car’s making a funny noise?
  • W: It sounds OK to me.
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三、高考英语听力解题策略与技巧

4.读、听、记结合

  • 通过读题推理
  • 例题:
  • ①Why does the man look sad?
  • A. He failed his test again.
  • B. He had to stop his study.
  • C. He couldn’t understand the foreigners.
  • ②How did the woman improve her French?
  • A. By reading French News paper.
  • B. By watching French films.
  • C. By speaking to herself.
  • ③What does the woman suggest the man do?
  • A. Be confident.
  • B. Talk with foreigners.
  • C. Ask the teacher for advice.
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4.读、听、记结合
  • 录音材料:

W: You look sad. What’s up?

M: I failed another French exam. I’m never going to learn this language well.

W: Oh, come on. Don’t say that. In the past, my French was very poor. But now it’s pretty good.

M: I wish that would happen to me. How did you do it?

W: I took every chance to practice, such as talking to foreigners, reading French aloud in the morning and even speaking to myself, from time to time.

M: I’ve done the same. But it’s useless. My French hasn’t improved. I don’t think it even will.

W: You should have confidence in yourself. You can learn French OK so long as you work hard.

M: Perhaps, you’re right. Anyway. Thanks a lot for the advice.

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4.读、听、记结合
  • 2)听:
  • 当你看到的题干是:What does the woman think of ……? 听的注意力就应该放在听女声的录音材料上,
  • 如果看到的题干是:What does the man imply/ suggest ... ? 听的注意力就应该放在听男声的录音材料上。
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四、夯实基础,培养听力的综合能力
  • 五个方面的教学建议:

(1)培养学生扎实的听力基本功;

(2)立足课堂,多渠道,全方位地训练学生的听力;

(3)全面训练学生的听力技能,帮助学生掌握具体的听力技巧;

(4)选择合适的听力材料;

(5)科学设计听力教学活动。

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四、夯实基础,培养听力的综合能力

(一) 总结出题类型,把握答题方法

  • 综观多年的高考听力试题的情况,问题与设置多为Wh-问题。人物(who)、事件(what)、时间(when)、地点(where)、原因(why)、方式(how)、程度(how long, how soon, how much)、数字(how many/how much)、选择(which)。
  • 这些内容可为四个方面:
  • (1)概括谈话主旨题;
  • (2)捕捉人物、时间、地点、数字等具体信息;
  • (3)推断对话或独白的背景和双方的关系;
  • (4)判断说话人的观点和态度。
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(一) 总结出题类型,把握答题方法

1、理解主旨要义题

  • 常用的提问方式
  • What are the two speakers talking about\discussing?
  • What happened to the man \woman ?
  • What did the man\woman do ?
  • What are the speakers doing ?
  • What has the woman done ?
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(一) 总结出题类型,把握答题方法

2.判断人物身份、职业和关系

  • 常用的提问方式:
  • What does the woman\man do ?
  • What’s the woman’s\man’s job?
  • What is the man\woman?
  • What’s the most probable relationship between the two speakers?
  • Who are the two speakers?
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(一) 总结出题类型,把握答题方法

3.地点与时间

  • 常用的提问方式:
  • Where does the conversation take place?
  • Where is the man\woman now?
  • Where are the two speakers?
  • When will the visitors come?
  • When will the man probably get to Beijing?
  • When and where do they agree to meet finally?
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(一) 总结出题类型,把握答题方法

4.数字判断和简单计算

  • 常用的提问方式:
  • When did the plane take off?
  • When will the train arrive?
  • What time is it now?
  • How long did the meeting last?
  • What’s the price of the car?
  • How much per pound are the oranges?
  • How much did the man spend on the tickets?
  • How much does the woman have to pay for the dress?
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(一) 总结出题类型,把握答题方法

5.原因和结果

  • 常用的提问方式:
  • Why is she late\angry\disappointed?
  • Why didn’t\couldn’t he \she go to the theatre?
  • What is the reason for her leaving for New York?
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(一) 总结出题类型,把握答题方法

6.建议、行为与计划

  • 常用的提问方式:
  • What does the man\woman suggest the man\woman do?
  • What does the man\woman mean?
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(一) 总结出题类型,把握答题方法

7.逻辑推理

  • 常用的提问方式:
  • What does he/she mean?
  • What does the man/woman imply?
  • What is the most probable result of the conversation?
  • What can we learn from what the speaker said?
  • What can we infer (conclude) from the conversation?
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四、夯实基础,培养听力的综合能力

(二) 拓宽背景知识,总结语言规律

  • 词语的变音现象

1. gonna: going to

2. gotta: (have, has) got to

3. wanna: want to / want a

4. where ya go in? : where are you going?

5. outa: out of

6. c’mon: come on

7. gimme: give me

8. why’d ya…: why did you…

9. ’em: them

10. ’fcourse: of course

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(二) 拓宽背景知识,总结语言规律
  • 词汇理解

1. call on: visit

2. pick out: choose from

3. put off: delay; post phone

4. be broken: penniless(破产,身无分文)

5. make sth. better: improve

6. be interested in: enjoy sth.

7. line is busy: (a telephone little) in use(占线)

8. be ready for: prepare

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(二) 拓宽背景知识,总结语言规律
  • 分类归纳

A. 时间与数字:a quarter to nine, before, after, then, until, later, first, second, third,next, last, finally, immediately, double, half, dozen, three times, thirty percent

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(二) 拓宽背景知识,总结语言规律

B. 不同场所

  • School:teacher, students, exam, homework, have lessons, subjects, be late for, classmate, playground等。
  • Hospital:doctor, patieat, take medicine, have a fever, temperature, pill, examine, take a rest, sleep, stay at home等。
  • Libary:borrow, renew, librarian, magazine, novels, reference books等。
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(二) 拓宽背景知识,总结语言规律

C. 原因与结果:reason, because, as, for, since, so, as a result, now that, thanks to, owig to等。

D. 转折与否定:I‘m sorry but, I’m afraid not. I don‘t think so. but, however, yet, although, too...to等。

E. 顺承、并列与递进:and, or, but, however, therefore, no, not, besides, except, what\'s more等。

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四、夯实基础,培养听力的综合能力
  • 1.首先强化词汇,熟练掌握词汇表上的单词,这样才能快速地把听到的单词与记忆中的单词进行意义联系,从而确定听力内容。
  • 2.训练单词辨音能力,如音素、单词音节、单词的重读与弱读等等。考生要牢固掌握语音知识,了解一般的发音规则。
  • 3.训练辨别句子中的意群停顿、单词连续、失去爆破等读音能力。
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四、夯实基础,培养综合运用英语的力
  • 4.训练学生熟练掌握教学大纲中规定的日常交际话题及其相关日常用语,选材接近学生生活题材内容的录音、泛听与精听相结合。
  • 5.重视培养学生良好的听力习惯,多总结、归纳听力的方式、方法、策略与技巧。
  • 6.听力训练要经常性,做到“常”听但不“长”听,每天坚持听录音15—20分钟,并注意循序渐进。
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四、夯实基础,培养听力的综合能力
  • 考时听力策略

1、沉着冷静,精力集中。考生务必克服紧张情绪,保持良好的心理状态,心情放松,充满自信。不要因为前一题没有听懂而影响情绪,也不要因为某个词没有听懂而苦思冥想,从而影响下面的内容。做题时要果断而决不能犹豫不决,以致造成一步跟不上步步跟不上的恶果。  

2、听前预读,有的放矢。考生拿到试卷后利用听之前的时间及题与题之间的间隙时间,快速抢读问题和选项,带着问题有目的的听录音能提高准确率。  

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考时听力策略

3、随听随记。对于材料中出现的一些数字、地名和人名等关键词,如果觉得没有把握,可以随听随记在草稿纸上,以便回答问题时查用。但是注意不要影响听音。此外,考生还要善于运用自己所获得的信息,根据读音或着上下文进行快速的判断和猜测,进行优化处理。

4、抓住要点,细辨信息。不管是对话还是独白,注意力一定要集中在整体内容的理解上,切不可只停留在个别单词或单句上,听不清马上放弃,不能强迫自己听清每一个单词,要把重点放在听关键词以及与问题有关的内容上。

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