Late Nineteenth-Century Imperialism and the Scramble for Africa. 1880-1914. Map_22.05.jpg. Map_22.06.jpg. Causes of “New” Imperialism. ECONOMIC motives PRESTIGE and NATIONALISM DOMESTIC POLITICS INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION and its technological advances SOCIAL DARWINISM WHITE MAN’S BURDEN
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Led to the occupation of almost the entire continent.
Battle of Omdurman, 1898: Around 10,000 Ansar were killed, 13,000 wounded,5,000 taken prisoner.British force lost 48 men with 382 wounded.
French: Jean-Baptiste Marchand
British: Horatio Herbert Kitchener (later Lord Kitchener)
1. ARMY OF OCCUPATION: Guns and plunder
2. AFRICAN SOCIETY
4. CONFLICT AMONGST IMPERIAL POWERS
5. ENCOURAGED EUROPEANS’ SENSE OF SUPERIORITY and RACISM