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Chapter. 2. Basic House Designs. Objectives. Identify four basic house designs. Explain the advantages of each house design. Recognize the disadvantages of each house design. Explain the variations of split-level designs. Introduction. Four basic home designs: One-story

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Presentation Transcript
slide2

Chapter

2

Basic House Designs

objectives
Objectives
  • Identify four basic house designs.
  • Explain the advantages of each house design.
  • Recognize the disadvantages of each house design.
  • Explain the variations of split-level designs.
introduction
Introduction
  • Four basic home designs:
    • One-story
    • One-and-one-half-story
    • Two-story
    • Split-level
  • Each style has strengths and weaknesses
introduction1
Introduction
  • Factors that play a role in choosing basic design:
    • Site requirements
    • Climate
    • Environmental impact
    • Surroundings
    • Client’s personal preference, budget, and needs
one story designs
One-Story Designs
  • All living space on one level
  • Built on a full basement, crawl space, or slab construction
one story designs2
One-Story Designs
  • Advantages:
    • Living space on one level
    • In houses with no basement, no stairs
    • Lends itself to expansion and remodeling
    • Short walls allow for easy exterior maintenance
    • Provides opportunities for indoor-outdoor living
one story designs3
One-Story Designs
  • Outdoor space enhances living area of home and allows for casual entertaining.
one story designs4
One-Story Designs
  • Disadvantages
    • Building costs per squarefoot usually higher than other designs
    • House has a larger footprint than other designs, requiring a larger lot
    • More hallway space required to access rooms
    • Longer distances from HVAC systems may make heating and cooling difficult
one story designs5
One-Story Designs
  • Styles
    • Ranch has low-pitched roof, wide overhangs
    • Shotgunhouse has long rectangular floor plan with rooms in line with and directly connected from front to back of house
architecture
Architecture

Green

  • Containerized housing
    • Made from intermodal steel building units (ISBU) that create their own protective layer of rust
    • Exteriors can be covered with more traditional finishes such as stucco or siding
    • Each container is structurally independent but the units fit together for construction
    • Containers are “green” because they are made of sustainable and reusable materials
one and one half story designs
One-and-One-Half-Story Designs
  • One-story with tall, wide roof to allow expansion into attic
  • Identifying features include dormer, windows and vents in gables, and angular second–level ceilings
  • Amount of habitablespace in attic determined by width and height of house
one and one half story designs1
One-and-One-Half-Story Designs
  • The traditional Cape Cod is the most recognizable one-and-one-half story style.
one and one half story designs2
One-and-One-Half-Story Designs
  • Advantages:
    • Smaller footprint than one-story with same square footage
    • Design is adaptable
    • Attic can be finished later, deferring cost of expansion
one and one half story designs3
One-and-One-Half-Story Designs
  • Disadvantages:
    • Additional building costs result from dormers, stairs, and complicated roof
    • Stairs decrease accessibility
    • Low ceilings and limited window space on second level
    • Building height makes outside maintenance difficult
two story designs
Two-Story Designs
  • Two full levels of living space
  • Smaller footprint with same square footage as a one- or one-and-one-half story design
  • Electrical, plumbing, heating, and cooling components shared between levels
  • Air space in attic eases heating and cooling costs
  • Adaptable to many architectural styles
two story designs1
Two-Story Designs
  • Exterior maintenance is challenging and costly
  • Stairs decrease accessibility for some people
split level designs
Split-Level Designs
  • Multiple levels
  • Developed for sloping or hilly lots
  • Merges architecture with land to be visually pleasing and balanced
  • Separates sleeping, living, and recreation areas on different levels
  • Little or no hall space needed
split level designs1
Split-Level Designs
  • Disadvantages:
    • Heating and cooling design is critical; zoned systems solve problems
    • Accessibility to all levels is hindered by stairs; installing stair lifts or elevators is cost prohibitive
split level designs2
Split-Level Designs
  • Four-level split design levels include a basement, intermediatelevel, livinglevel, and sleepinglevel
  • Alternatives to regular basement are daylightbasement and walkoutbasement
  • Three-level split design does not have basement level
split entry designs
Split-Entry Designs
  • Two levels separated by entrance stairway
  • Essentially a one-story house with a raised basement
  • Also called bi-level or raised ranch
split level layouts
Split-Level Layouts
  • Side-by-side
    • For lots sloping from one side to the other
  • Front-to-back
    • For lots high in front and low in back
  • Back-to-front
    • For lots low in front and high in back
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