QURANIC GRAMMAR AS-SARF “Morphology of the words” Lesson 3. Lessons from the book MABADE” ALA’RABIYAH – basics of Arabic Grammar RASHEED SHARTOONI. 10-12 Derivable / Non Derivable. Nouns are categorized into two categories:
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Lessons from the book
MABADE” ALA’RABIYAH –
basics of Arabic Grammar
Nouns are categorized into two categories:
a. Noun of Self (Zaat-genus) ذات it is not derived from a verb cannot be derived from it
b. Abstract noun or an Infinitive (Masdar) مصدر, it is an action but without time (derived from a verb-a noun without time) , it can be divided into:
2.Derived –These are derived words from other word such as from the Abstract Concrete or MASDAR, and this could be SIFAH صفة(description) or MAWSOOF موصوف(described one)
MOHAMMAD ALHAAMID = MOHAMMAD the praiser (one who praises)
Is Derived from the MADSAR HAMDAN (a praise),
HAMADA (past tense –he praised) HAMDAN (MASDAR-a praise) , that means He praised a praise
The derived noun can be dualed or pluralized , minimized or suffixed with relative YAA.
مدينة , مدينتان,مدن, مدينة , مدنيّ
City (MADENA), two cities (MADEENATAAN), cities (MODON), small city (MODAYNA), the one from the city (MADANYE)
Abstract Infinitive (Masdar) or Derivable– They are the infinitive of the word. They are called abstract because they are defined as the basic form of the verb without tense.
Example of Derived from Infinitive QIYAAM (the standing): Qaama -stoodقام , Yaqoom –standing يقوم, Qom -stand up (All Derivable for Standing) قم
Type of Masdar with respect to the verb derived from it
Tri-Lettered Verb - There are 5 Forms that are most known
Tri-Lettered Verb – Other forms