Cinematography. Cinematography. cinematography: "writing in movement” Digital Cinematography and Computer-Generated Imagery have brought changes in Cinematography, which was traditionally based on chemical/photographic images and effects.
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Rules of the Game, Jean Renoir, 1939
1.33:1 (4 to 3) actually 1.37:1
Aliens, James Cameron, 1986
Rebel Without A Cause, Nicholas Ray, 1955
2.2 to 1
Pan & Scan; 1.33 to 1
Widescreen vs. Pan and scan in
Blade Runner, Ridley Scott, 1982
fig. 2-16 (A&P, 96)
Tokyo Story (1953) Yasujiro Ozu
Natural Born Killers,
Oliver Stone, 1994
Bordwell & Thompson
Ascher & Pincus
Dial M for Murder,
Alfred Hitchcock, 1954
Carrie, Brian De Palma, 1976
Vertigo, Alfred Hitchcock, 1958
Famous shot from Jaws (1975), which uses both forward tracking and a zoom out.
Reverse of Hitchcock’s Vertigo shot, which zoomed in while tracking out. Both forms are often called “dolly zoom” shots.
Goodfellas, Martin Scorsese, 1990
fig. 4.3 (A&P, 144)
Note that moving camera often suggests someone's subjectivity or POV. Consider use of slow track in scene from Antonioni's L'avventura: