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Warm-up for 12.21.11. DO NOT COPY QUOTE! READ AND RECORD / RESPOND TO QUESTION BELOW.

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warm up for 12 21 11
Warm-up for 12.21.11

DO NOT COPY QUOTE! READ AND RECORD / RESPOND TO QUESTION BELOW.

"A house divided against itself cannot stand." I believe this government cannot endure, permanently, half slave and half free. I do not expect the Union to be dissolved — I do not expect the house to fall — but I do expect it will cease to be divided. It will become all one thing or all the other. Either the opponents of slavery will arrest the further spread of it, and place it where the public mind shall rest in the belief that it is in the course of ultimate extinction; or its advocates will push it forward, till it shall become alike lawful in all the States, old as well as new — North as well as South. ~ “A House Divided” Speech, 1858. Written by

1. What did the quote above predict regarding slavery?

2. If you had lived before the Civil War, would you have agreed with this idea, and why/why not?

slide2

3rd S of the Civil War:SECESSION

  • The formal act of withdrawing from the Union.
slide4

The Election of 1860

And, in this

corner…

John C. Breckinridge

John Bell

Stephen Douglass

Abraham

Lincoln

  • 4 different candidates – Douglass (N. Dem), Lincoln (Rep), Breckinridge (S. Dem), and Bell (CUP)
slide6

The Election of 1860

  • With the Democrats divided, Lincoln won the election easily.
  • Southerners feared that a Republican victory would encourage radicals like John Brown to try and free slaves.
  • Even though Lincoln and the Republican party promised to leave slavery alone in the areas that it existed, southerners did not trust them.
  • The South cast only 16,000 votes for Lincoln. Won without 1 single electoral vote from a southern state. Not even one vote was cast for Lincoln in GA!
slide7

The Role of Alexander Stephens…

  • Most Georgians supported South Carolina’s decision to secede except for Alexander Stephens (a GAn). He thought GA should stay with the Union.
  • On January 19, 1861, Georgia officially declared itself an independent republic.
    • 5th state to secede
  • Alexander Stephens goes on to be Vice President of the Confederate States of America.
slide8

“In my judgment, the election of no man, constitutionally chosen to that high office, is sufficient cause to justify any state to separate from the Union.”

~ Alexander Stephens

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