Nigeria: Political Institutions. By Jacob Rini Period 3. The Executive Branch. President is head of state, government, and the armed forces. The Executive Branch, specifically the Presidency, is the most powerful institution in Nigeria.
By Jacob Rini
- 4 years
-Maximum of 2 terms
The Executive Branch, specifically the Presidency, is the most powerful institution in Nigeria.
- Can call a national referendum
- Helps create bills
- Signs, vetoes bills
- Makes constitutionally required appointments
- This power only used when requested by the President.
- very strict consequences for breaking laws.
- Usually made up of a chairman, and elected councilors. The councils focus on local issues.
- 58 seats in Senate
- 172 seats in House of Representatives
- 16 governors.
After World War 2, a series of constitutions were created with the help of Britain, that promoted regional autonomy, self rule for the Nigerian people.
The 1st constitution was enacted by a British order that was to be followed as soon as the country was granted the official independence on October 1st, 1960.
- Lasted until 1966
- The constitution made Nigeria a Federal Republic.
-Practiced until military coup overthrew the government.
In 1979 (2nd Republic), a new constitution was created.
- Changed the way the President was elected.
-Implemented a Presidential system.
-President would be popularly elected
- Intended to bring democracy, but was ineffective.