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STYLE . MEANING and SOUND. MEANING. A writer may select a word not only for the specific meaning, that is, the express definition of a word or its DENOTATION; but also for the related implications or emotional associations that accompany the word; its CONNOTATION.

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style

STYLE

MEANING and SOUND

meaning
MEANING
  • A writer may select a word not only for the specific meaning, that is, the express definition of a word or its DENOTATION; but also for the related implications or emotional associations that accompany the word; its CONNOTATION.
  • Connotation: implications and emotional overtones that words or phrases carry with them. Example – the teachings of the church as they encircle restrain the clergyman’s life.
sound
SOUND
  • As the reader looks for meaning, sound often goes unheard. That said, a word is essentially sound with meaning.
  • Example from James Joyce’s “Finnegan’s Wake” where sound is of primary importance. As the passage is read aloud, try to sense its emotion…(Pg. 17 of Binder).
sound1
SOUND
  • What does Joyce use to communicate emotion and emphasize meaning?
  • 1. Alliteration – repetition of the same initial consonant sound in 2 or more words or in 2 or more syllables of a word. Examples: soft, sauntering, sun.
  • 2. Assonance – similarity of vowel sounds but the dissimilarity of the succeeding consonant sounds. Examples: slim, slip, trudging, lurking.
  • 3. Pun – humorous use of words. Words have double meanings! Example: lie
  • 4. Onomatopoeia – formation of a word so that its sound is associated with its meaning. Examples: hiss, sweep, pop.
sound2
Sound
  • Other figurative language which contributes to a particular style are exaggeration (hyperbole)
  • Saying less that is true (understatement)
  • Using opposites for effect (antithesis)
  • Giving human qualities to things (personification)
  • Using direct comparisons (either similes or metaphors)
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