For God, Gold and Glory. The Conquest of Latin America. Ancient Latin America Civilizations of Mesoamerica. From 1200 B.C. until 1500 A.D., great civilizations flourished in Mesoamerica, also known as Middle or Central America.
For God, Gold and Glory
The Conquest of Latin America
Ancient Latin America Civilizations of Mesoamerica
From 1200 B.C. until 1500 A.D., great civilizations flourished in Mesoamerica, also known as Middle or Central America.
These civilizations include the Maya of the Yucatan Peninsula, western Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador and Belize.
The Aztec were another great civilization that settled in what is now Mexico City.
Finally, the Inca, rose up in the Andes Mountains of Peruand conquered the people of the surrounding areas. Their empire included parts of what are now Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia, northern Chile, and northwestern Argentina.
Once the word spread of riches in the Americas, the hunt for gold was on.
The conquistadors of Spain , commissioned by their government set out to find gold and become rich, spread the word of God and claim glory for the crown
In so doing, the natives of these new lands were conquered by conquistadors such as Hernan Cortes and Francisco Pizarro.
Created an intricate calendar: 260 day calendar of sacred days and a 365 day calendar based on the sun’s movement.
Developed the best-developed Latin American written language based on time and events.
Codices were the religious books written by the Maya.
Created stone trees using hieroglyphs to tell of wars, conquests, births, and deaths of kings.
Understood the mathematical concept of zero.
Terracing in the sides of hills or Mountains
The Slash and Burn Technique
Conquistador and conqueror of the Aztec
Conquistador and Conqueror
of the Inca
The native tribes, the Aztec and the Inca , once conquered, became slaves
In their own lands. They were forced into hard labor, such as mining silver.
The Spanish grew crops such as corn, peppers and tomatoes, crops never seen
Before and sent them to Spain.
Manufactured products from Spain, especially textiles, were also shipped to
This exchange of culture came to be know as the Colombian Exchange: the
Exchange of goods and ideas between Europe and its colonies in North
and South America, Africa, and Asia.