David’s Story “ Born to Fail - The Perfect Storm ” Neighbourhood Renewal– Lisburn February 2011. DCS John Carnochan QPM FFPH Scottish Violence Reduction Unit. The Plan. Violence Reduction – It’s not easy Public Health – A useful Lens Early Years – Could it be Magic ?
“Born to Fail -The Perfect Storm”
Neighbourhood Renewal– Lisburn February 2011
DCS John Carnochan QPM FFPH
Scottish Violence Reduction Unit
“The challenges we face converge, intertwine and often remain largely beyond our understanding. Most of us suspect that the “experts” don’t really know what’s going on and that as a species we’ve released forces that are neither managed nor manageable.”
(Paper by Prof Phil Hanlon University of Glasgow 2009
First- We can police our way out of this
Second - Victims and offenders are separate groups
Finally – There is a single solution and we know what it is
“Interpersonal violence – violence between individuals in families and communities – is a public health problem.”
Department of Injuries and Violence Prevention
World health Organisation
Identify risk / protectivefactors
Research why it occurs
Systematic data collection
Develop and evaluate interventions
Find out what works.
Scale up and evaluate effective programmes
Two components to Violence:
The propensity to be violent - personalfactors
The triggers of violence - social factors
The Wave Report 2005 “Violence and what to do about it”
Farrington D.P. (2003). Key results from the first 40 years of the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development,.Realising Britain’s Potential: Future Strategic Challenges for Britain. The Strategy Unit February 2008.
Deprivation of the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development,.
Planning and organising
Other technical and practical skills
Basic computer literacy / using IT
Advanced IT or software
Percentage of Employers reporting an employee skill gap
Future Skills Bar Chart. See Future Skills Scotland Website, Employer Survey 2004, p27, fig 15.
Rates of Return to Human Capital of the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development,.
Early Intervention: Insuring for a better future. of the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development,.
Which one do we insure against future harm?
Which one do we assess on an annual basis?
Which one do we assess the person in control?
Which one do we ban unfit owners/users?
Which one is governed by most legislation?
Which one is the most important ?
Seven of the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development,. main strategies to prevent violence
Information & support for parents
Parent & child programmes
Preschool education, family support, child health services etc.
Social support groups
e.g. peer support for parents
e.g. raise awareness &
knowledge of child maltreatment
Early, primary prevention to avoid the development of violence such as child abuse and childhood aggression
Some strong evidence that parenting programmes and parent and child programmes can reduce child maltreatment and problem/aggressive behaviours in youth
Child skills, parent programmes
Social development training
Conflict resolution, perspective taking, anger management.
Study & recreation out of school
E.g. finance for completing school
Providing skills to find work
Cognitive, emotional, interpersonal & social skills to enable youth to deal with the challenges of everyday life
Some strong evidence that preschool enrichment and social development programmes can reduce aggression and improve social skills, particularly in at-risk youth
Vision of the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development,.
and society and
Purpose of the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development,.
Government Economic Strategy
Valuing our Young People
Early Years Framework
More Choices More Chances
Curriculum for Excellence
Promoting Positive Outcomes (ASB)
Road to Recovery (Drugs)
Equally Well (Health Inequalities)
Achieving our Potential (Poverty)
Challenges of the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development,.
Action that is informed by evidence and designed to deliver clear meaningful Outcomes
Researchthat is informed by and connected to practice
Clear, consistent, Collaborative policy that hits the pavement.
“There is nothing more difficult to carryout, nor more doubtful of success, nor more dangerous to conduct than to initiate a new order of things. For the reformer has enemies in all who profit by the old order and only lukewarm defenders in all those who profit by the new order”
Machiavelli, The Prince