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Political Interaction across t he Taiwan Strait. Week 6. Outline. Introduction Lee Teng-hui’s Policy to the Mainland Chen Shui-bian’s Mainland Policy Ma Ying- jeou’s Mainland Policy Hu’s Six Points: A Framework of peaceful development. 1. Introduction .

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outline
Outline
  • Introduction
  • Lee Teng-hui’s Policy to the Mainland
  • Chen Shui-bian’sMainland Policy
  • Ma Ying-jeou’s Mainland Policy
  • Hu’s Six Points: A Framework of peaceful development
1 introduction
1. Introduction
  • Political transition in Taiwan has led to the redefining of the legitimacy of KMT regime in Taiwan
  • From military and political

retaking of the mainland to

retaking the mainland

by ideology

1 introduction1
1. Introduction
  • Secret messengers between the two sides in mid-1980s
  • Decreasing demand for sovereignty over the mainland
  • Different strategies in gaining maximal votes
  • Continuing opening for visitors to the mainland
  • Su Chi-cheng: a special messenger for Lee Teng-hui
2 lee teng hui s policy to the mainland
2. Lee Teng-hui’s Policy to the Mainland

A、Weakening the one-China principle

  • To end the period of “mobilization and pacifying the rebellion”(1991)
  • Three stages in National Unification Guideline

1)Exchange of reciprocity

2)Mutual trust and cooperation

1 weakening the one china principle
1、Weakening the One-China Principle

3) Negotiating on unification

    • Economic liberalization
    • Social pluralization (pluralism)
    • Political democratization
    • Cultural Sinonization (Chinese cultural in Taiwan)
  • “one country, two governments”
  • temporary two Chinas leading to one China in the future(1993)
  • One country , two equivalent entities
1 weakening the one china principle1
1、Weakening the One-China Principle
    • “Independence first,Unification later”
      • Unification: saying without doing (lip service)
      • Independence: doing without saying
  • Pragmatic diplomacy
    • cross-recognition by other countries, dual representation in international organizations
  • Lee’s 1995 U.S. trips (product of elections)
    • First cross-Strait crisis
1 weakening the one china principle2
1、Weakening the One-China Principle
  • Special state-to-state relations with the mainland (1999)
    • Diplomatic isolation and sentimental expression, frustration
    • Bombing of Chinese embassy in Yugoslavia
    • Wang Daohan’s forthcoming trip to Taiwan
    • American pressure on Taipei for reaching interim agreements with the mainland
b avoiding political talks
B. Avoiding Political Talks
  • Lee’s Six Points(1995.4.8)
    • Condition for cross-strait talks on ending hostilities: Beijing giving up military means against Taiwan
    • More concern about Taiwan’s International space
b avoiding political talks1
B. Avoiding Political Talks
  • Lee’s inauguration speech(1996.5.20)
    • “China in twenty century is a suffering country”
    • Separated government across the strait as a matter of fact
    • Pursuing national unification as a matter of fact too
    • Promoting pragmatic diplomacy
    • “visiting the Chinese mainland and engaging with peace trips”
b avoiding political talks2
B. Avoiding Political Talks
  • KU Chenfu’s “ice-breaking trip” (1998)
  • The beginning of political dialogue
  • From separated government to unification
  • No recognition, no denial(Su Chi)
  • Preparing and announcing “two-state thesis”
  • Coming back to “one China, respective expression”
  • “We simply don’t want to talk with mainland too quickly”(Wu Anchia)
c limiting civil exchange
C.LimitingCivil Exchange
  • “unilateral, indirectly, civil”
  • Reducing “Mainland Fever,”“Be patient and self-restraint,”“Walking stably and going far away”
  • Pressure from business circle
  • Opposition from the New Party and “Formosa faction” led by Hsu Hsin-liang
3 chen shui bian s mainland policy
3. Chen Shui-bian’sMainland Policy

A.Mainland policy in Chen’s early term

  • Victory remarks on March 18(the Chinese mainland)
  • One China can be an issue ,but not precondition
  • “Four Nos”
  • To handle together “the issue of one China in the future(issue vs. problem)
  • Not accepting “92 consensus”
    • agree to disagee
a mainland policy in chen s early term
A. Mainland policy in Chen’s early term
  • Unification is not the only option for Taiwan(Chen Shuibian)
  • Taiwan does not exclude the possibility of unifying with the mainland in the future
  • If Taiwan“totally denial the possibility of unification, China will bother Taiwan forever, there would be no peace in the Taiwan Strait
  • “Taiwan can give up part of sovereignty to exchange for long peace, as long as the political arrangement proposed by the mainland is reasonable and acceptable”
a mainland policy in chen s early term1
A.Mainlandpolicy in Chen’s early term
  • From independence as an ideal to independence as a tool, to unification as a tool”
  • “From economic and cultural integration, to gradually build up mutual trust, and then seek long peace and a framework for political integration”(New Year speech, Chen Shui-bian, 2001)
a mainland policy in chen s early term2
A. Mainland policy in Chen’s early term
  • Meaning of integration, independence within unification, unification within independence
  • Since the two sides cannot be unified now, they should move to share rights and obligation(Yan Chian-fa)
a mainland policy in chen s early term3
A. Mainland policy in Chen’s early term
  • Chai Ing-wen: political integration could mean direction, process or goal; integration does not exclude the 3 options: unification, independence or maintaining the status quo.
  • Lee Teng-hui’s mainland policy: independence first, unification later
  • DPP’s policy: independence first, deciding on other options later
a mainland policy in chen s early term4
A. Mainland policy in Chen’s early term
  • Chen’s policy was more confrontational to the mainland than KMT on three perspectives
  • KMT recognizes 92 consensus (one China, different interpretation, though). DPP’s reject one China framework, however ambiguous. For Chen, one China is a discussable issue, but not a precondition for reopening strait talks
a mainland policy in chen s early term5
A. Mainland policy in Chen’s early term
  • KMT regards people on the island as both Chinese and Taiwanese. DPP regards them as Taiwanese, or cultural Chinese at the best.
  • KMT regards unification as the final goal, however remote, DPP considers it as an option only.
b from one country on each side to referenda on entering un
B. From “one country on each side” to referenda on Entering UN
  • DPP’s Anti-Tide behavior
    • “China up”
    • Taiwan Down
    • Getting benefits

from chaos

    • Tail wags the dog
    • Either talks or independence
    • Going on street
b from one country on each side to referenda on entering un1
B. From “one country on each side” to referenda on Entering UN
  • Referenda vs. representative democracyre
  • Referenda as a tool to maximize votes on the part of DPP
  • Avoiding political obligation
  • Shifting burden to the public
4 ma ying jeou s mainland policy
4. Ma Ying-jeou’s Mainland Policy
  • No unification, no independence,

no war

  • Accepting the 92 consensus
    • Both sides belong to one China (weak principle)
    • Both sides strive for China’s reunification (strong principle)
  • Not a state-to-state relationship
4 ma ying jeou s mainland policy1
4. Ma Ying-jeou’s Mainland Policy
  • promoting economic and cultural exchanges (first step)
  • Conciliation and No fighting (next step)
    • CBMs and surviving diplomacy
  • Value congruence in the future
    • China’s movement to freedom, democracy, and prosperity can create historical conditions favorable to peaceful development of cross-Strait relations
4 ma ying jeou s mainland policy2
4. Ma Ying-jeou’s Mainland Policy
  • Competition on the issue of core values
    • The key for finally resolving the cross-Strait issue is not sovereign dispute, but living style and the core value (Taiwan spirit: kindness, integrity, diligence, honesty, compromise, progressiveness)
5 hu s six points a framework of peaceful development
5. Hu’s Six PointsA Framework of peaceful development
  • Both sides belong to one China as the base for building political mutual trust
    • Political relations redefine
    • Reunification is not a recreation of sovereignty and territory, but ending the political confrontation between the two sides, a legacy of the Chinese civil war
  • Advancing Economic Cooperation
    • Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement (ECFA)
5 hu s six points a road map for peaceful development
5. Hu’s Six PointsA Road Map for peaceful development
  • Promoting Cultural and educational exchange
    • the main task of 2009
  • To strengthen two-way visits of people and expand exchanges in various sphere
    • Engaging with Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) members
5 hu s six points a road map for peaceful development1
5. Hu’s Six PointsA Road Map for peaceful development
  • Not wasting diplomatic resource in the international arena
  • Ending hostility and reach a peace agreement
    • Military exchange and CBMs
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