Political interaction across t he taiwan strait
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Political Interaction across t he Taiwan Strait. Week 6. Outline. Introduction Lee Teng-hui’s Policy to the Mainland Chen Shui-bian’s Mainland Policy Ma Ying- jeou’s Mainland Policy Hu’s Six Points: A Framework of peaceful development. 1. Introduction .

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Political Interaction across t he Taiwan Strait

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Political interaction across t he taiwan strait

Political Interaction across the Taiwan Strait

Week 6


Outline

Outline

  • Introduction

  • Lee Teng-hui’s Policy to the Mainland

  • Chen Shui-bian’sMainland Policy

  • Ma Ying-jeou’s Mainland Policy

  • Hu’s Six Points: A Framework of peaceful development


1 introduction

1. Introduction

  • Political transition in Taiwan has led to the redefining of the legitimacy of KMT regime in Taiwan

  • From military and political

    retaking of the mainland to

    retaking the mainland

    by ideology


1 introduction1

1. Introduction

  • Secret messengers between the two sides in mid-1980s

  • Decreasing demand for sovereignty over the mainland

  • Different strategies in gaining maximal votes

  • Continuing opening for visitors to the mainland

  • Su Chi-cheng: a special messenger for Lee Teng-hui


2 lee teng hui s policy to the mainland

2. Lee Teng-hui’s Policy to the Mainland

A、Weakening the one-China principle

  • To end the period of “mobilization and pacifying the rebellion”(1991)

  • Three stages in National Unification Guideline

    1)Exchange of reciprocity

    2)Mutual trust and cooperation


1 weakening the one china principle

1、Weakening the One-China Principle

3) Negotiating on unification

  • Economic liberalization

  • Social pluralization (pluralism)

  • Political democratization

  • Cultural Sinonization (Chinese cultural in Taiwan)

  • “one country, two governments”

  • temporary two Chinas leading to one China in the future(1993)

  • One country , two equivalent entities


  • 1 weakening the one china principle1

    1、Weakening the One-China Principle

    • “Independence first,Unification later”

      • Unification: saying without doing (lip service)

      • Independence: doing without saying

  • Pragmatic diplomacy

    • cross-recognition by other countries, dual representation in international organizations

  • Lee’s 1995 U.S. trips (product of elections)

    • First cross-Strait crisis


  • 1 weakening the one china principle2

    1、Weakening the One-China Principle

    • Special state-to-state relations with the mainland (1999)

      • Diplomatic isolation and sentimental expression, frustration

      • Bombing of Chinese embassy in Yugoslavia

      • Wang Daohan’s forthcoming trip to Taiwan

      • American pressure on Taipei for reaching interim agreements with the mainland


    Changing identity among taiwanese people 1

    Changing Identity among Taiwanese People (1)


    Changing identity among taiwanese people 2

    Changing Identity among Taiwanese People (2)


    B avoiding political talks

    B. Avoiding Political Talks

    • Lee’s Six Points(1995.4.8)

      • Condition for cross-strait talks on ending hostilities: Beijing giving up military means against Taiwan

      • More concern about Taiwan’s International space


    B avoiding political talks1

    B. Avoiding Political Talks

    • Lee’s inauguration speech(1996.5.20)

      • “China in twenty century is a suffering country”

      • Separated government across the strait as a matter of fact

      • Pursuing national unification as a matter of fact too

      • Promoting pragmatic diplomacy

      • “visiting the Chinese mainland and engaging with peace trips”


    B avoiding political talks2

    B. Avoiding Political Talks

    • KU Chenfu’s “ice-breaking trip” (1998)

    • The beginning of political dialogue

    • From separated government to unification

    • No recognition, no denial(Su Chi)

    • Preparing and announcing “two-state thesis”

    • Coming back to “one China, respective expression”

    • “We simply don’t want to talk with mainland too quickly”(Wu Anchia)


    C limiting civil exchange

    C.LimitingCivil Exchange

    • “unilateral, indirectly, civil”

    • Reducing “Mainland Fever,”“Be patient and self-restraint,”“Walking stably and going far away”

    • Pressure from business circle

    • Opposition from the New Party and “Formosa faction” led by Hsu Hsin-liang


    3 chen shui bian s mainland policy

    3. Chen Shui-bian’sMainland Policy

    A.Mainland policy in Chen’s early term

    • Victory remarks on March 18(the Chinese mainland)

    • One China can be an issue ,but not precondition

    • “Four Nos”

    • To handle together “the issue of one China in the future(issue vs. problem)

    • Not accepting “92 consensus”

      • agree to disagee


    A mainland policy in chen s early term

    A. Mainland policy in Chen’s early term

    • Unification is not the only option for Taiwan(Chen Shuibian)

    • Taiwan does not exclude the possibility of unifying with the mainland in the future

    • If Taiwan“totally denial the possibility of unification, China will bother Taiwan forever, there would be no peace in the Taiwan Strait

    • “Taiwan can give up part of sovereignty to exchange for long peace, as long as the political arrangement proposed by the mainland is reasonable and acceptable”


    A mainland policy in chen s early term1

    A.Mainlandpolicy in Chen’s early term

    • From independence as an ideal to independence as a tool, to unification as a tool”

    • “From economic and cultural integration, to gradually build up mutual trust, and then seek long peace and a framework for political integration”(New Year speech, Chen Shui-bian, 2001)


    A mainland policy in chen s early term2

    A. Mainland policy in Chen’s early term

    • Meaning of integration, independence within unification, unification within independence

    • Since the two sides cannot be unified now, they should move to share rights and obligation(Yan Chian-fa)


    A mainland policy in chen s early term3

    A. Mainland policy in Chen’s early term

    • Chai Ing-wen: political integration could mean direction, process or goal; integration does not exclude the 3 options: unification, independence or maintaining the status quo.

    • Lee Teng-hui’s mainland policy: independence first, unification later

    • DPP’s policy: independence first, deciding on other options later


    A mainland policy in chen s early term4

    A. Mainland policy in Chen’s early term

    • Chen’s policy was more confrontational to the mainland than KMT on three perspectives

    • KMT recognizes 92 consensus (one China, different interpretation, though). DPP’s reject one China framework, however ambiguous. For Chen, one China is a discussable issue, but not a precondition for reopening strait talks


    A mainland policy in chen s early term5

    A. Mainland policy in Chen’s early term

    • KMT regards people on the island as both Chinese and Taiwanese. DPP regards them as Taiwanese, or cultural Chinese at the best.

    • KMT regards unification as the final goal, however remote, DPP considers it as an option only.


    B from one country on each side to referenda on entering un

    B. From “one country on each side” to referenda on Entering UN

    • DPP’s Anti-Tide behavior

      • “China up”

      • Taiwan Down

      • Getting benefits

        from chaos

      • Tail wags the dog

      • Either talks or independence

      • Going on street


    B from one country on each side to referenda on entering un1

    B. From “one country on each side” to referenda on Entering UN

    • Referenda vs. representative democracyre

    • Referenda as a tool to maximize votes on the part of DPP

    • Avoiding political obligation

    • Shifting burden to the public


    4 ma ying jeou s mainland policy

    4. Ma Ying-jeou’s Mainland Policy

    • No unification, no independence,

      no war

    • Accepting the 92 consensus

      • Both sides belong to one China (weak principle)

      • Both sides strive for China’s reunification (strong principle)

    • Not a state-to-state relationship


    4 ma ying jeou s mainland policy1

    4. Ma Ying-jeou’s Mainland Policy

    • promoting economic and cultural exchanges (first step)

    • Conciliation and No fighting (next step)

      • CBMs and surviving diplomacy

    • Value congruence in the future

      • China’s movement to freedom, democracy, and prosperity can create historical conditions favorable to peaceful development of cross-Strait relations


    4 ma ying jeou s mainland policy2

    4. Ma Ying-jeou’s Mainland Policy

    • Competition on the issue of core values

      • The key for finally resolving the cross-Strait issue is not sovereign dispute, but living style and the core value (Taiwan spirit: kindness, integrity, diligence, honesty, compromise, progressiveness)


    5 hu s six points a framework of peaceful development

    5. Hu’s Six PointsA Framework of peaceful development

    • Both sides belong to one China as the base for building political mutual trust

      • Political relations redefine

      • Reunification is not a recreation of sovereignty and territory, but ending the political confrontation between the two sides, a legacy of the Chinese civil war

    • Advancing Economic Cooperation

      • Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement (ECFA)


    5 hu s six points a road map for peaceful development

    5. Hu’s Six PointsA Road Map for peaceful development

    • Promoting Cultural and educational exchange

      • the main task of 2009

    • To strengthen two-way visits of people and expand exchanges in various sphere

      • Engaging with Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) members


    5 hu s six points a road map for peaceful development1

    5. Hu’s Six PointsA Road Map for peaceful development

    • Not wasting diplomatic resource in the international arena

    • Ending hostility and reach a peace agreement

      • Military exchange and CBMs


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