Lecture 4 – The Problems of Mind ( Think , pp.49-65). Thinking about the mental The mind-body problem The problem of intentionality The problem of consciousness Persons and Personal Identity (Next week). Thinking About the Mental. Three General Questions: 1/ What are minds?
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Lecture 4 – The Problems of Mind(Think, pp.49-65)
Thinking about the mental
The mind-body problem
The problem of intentionality
The problem of consciousness
Persons and Personal Identity (Next week)
Thinking About the Mental
Three General Questions:
1/ What are minds?
How are mind and body related?
What are persons? What does it mean to be the same person over time?
Could machines have minds?
2/ How do we gain knowledge about minds?
Our own minds?
First-Person Authority and Privileged Access
Argument from Analogy
3/ What are the “contents” of our minds?
Cognitive states (Have a “direction-of-fit”)
Affective states (Have a feeling associated with them)
The Mind-Body Problem
-mind and body distinct substances
-pre-established harmony (Leibniz)
Property Dualism (Donald Davidson – “Anomalous Monism”)
-mental properties distinct from physical properties
-mental properties not reducible to physical properties
-not committed to existence of two distinct kinds of substance
Materialism and the Mind
Identity Theories (Type vs. Token)
What makes our mental images/ beliefs about things in the world???
The Problems of Consciousness
The phenomenological aspect of the mental was ignored for some time
-can there be a scientific account of consciousness?
-can there be a materialistic theory of consciousness
Some Problems Raised by Consciousness
Location of pains