Lecture 4 the problems of mind think pp 49 65
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Lecture 4 – The Problems of Mind ( Think , pp.49-65). Thinking about the mental The mind-body problem The problem of intentionality The problem of consciousness Persons and Personal Identity (Next week). Thinking About the Mental. Three General Questions: 1/ What are minds?

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Lecture 4 – The Problems of Mind ( Think , pp.49-65)

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Lecture 4 – The Problems of Mind(Think, pp.49-65)

Thinking about the mental

The mind-body problem

The problem of intentionality

The problem of consciousness

Persons and Personal Identity (Next week)


Thinking About the Mental

Three General Questions:

1/ What are minds?

How are mind and body related?

What are persons? What does it mean to be the same person over time?

Could machines have minds?

Inentionality

Consciousness


2/ How do we gain knowledge about minds?

Our own minds?

First-Person Authority and Privileged Access

Other Minds?

Argument from Analogy

Non-Humans


3/ What are the “contents” of our minds?

Cognitive states (Have a “direction-of-fit”)

-Beliefs

-Suppositions

-Knowledge

Affective states (Have a feeling associated with them)

-emotions

-perceptions

-feelings

-moods


The Mind-Body Problem

Substance Dualism

-mind and body distinct substances

-causal interaction?

-interactionism (Descartes)

-occasionalism (Malebfranche)

-pre-established harmony (Leibniz)


Property Dualism (Donald Davidson – “Anomalous Monism”)

-mental properties distinct from physical properties

-mental properties not reducible to physical properties

-not committed to existence of two distinct kinds of substance


Materialism and the Mind

Identity Theories (Type vs. Token)

Eliminative Materialism

Behaviourism

Functionalism


Intentionality

What makes our mental images/ beliefs about things in the world???

-causal connections?

-resemblance/similarity??


The Problems of Consciousness

The phenomenological aspect of the mental was ignored for some time

-can there be a scientific account of consciousness?

-can there be a materialistic theory of consciousness


Some Problems Raised by Consciousness

Ownership

Mechanism

“Zombies”

Inverted Spectrum

Location of pains


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