Lecture 4 – The Problems of Mind ( Think , pp.49-65). Thinking about the mental The mind-body problem The problem of intentionality The problem of consciousness Persons and Personal Identity (Next week). Thinking About the Mental. Three General Questions: 1/ What are minds?
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Thinking about the mental
The mind-body problem
The problem of intentionality
The problem of consciousness
Persons and Personal Identity (Next week)
Three General Questions:
1/ What are minds?
How are mind and body related?
What are persons? What does it mean to be the same person over time?
Could machines have minds?
Our own minds?
First-Person Authority and Privileged Access
Argument from Analogy
Cognitive states (Have a “direction-of-fit”)
Affective states (Have a feeling associated with them)
-mind and body distinct substances
-pre-established harmony (Leibniz)
Property Dualism (Donald Davidson – “Anomalous Monism”)
-mental properties distinct from physical properties
-mental properties not reducible to physical properties
-not committed to existence of two distinct kinds of substance
Identity Theories (Type vs. Token)
What makes our mental images/ beliefs about things in the world???
The phenomenological aspect of the mental was ignored for some time
-can there be a scientific account of consciousness?
-can there be a materialistic theory of consciousness
Location of pains