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Lecture 4 – The Problems of Mind ( Think , pp.49-65). Thinking about the mental The mind-body problem The problem of intentionality The problem of consciousness Persons and Personal Identity (Next week). Thinking About the Mental. Three General Questions: 1/ What are minds?

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Lecture 4 the problems of mind think pp 49 65

Lecture 4 – The Problems of Mind(Think, pp.49-65)

Thinking about the mental

The mind-body problem

The problem of intentionality

The problem of consciousness

Persons and Personal Identity (Next week)


Thinking about the mental

Thinking About the Mental

Three General Questions:

1/ What are minds?

How are mind and body related?

What are persons? What does it mean to be the same person over time?

Could machines have minds?

Inentionality

Consciousness


2/ How do we gain knowledge about minds?

Our own minds?

First-Person Authority and Privileged Access

Other Minds?

Argument from Analogy

Non-Humans


3/ What are the “contents” of our minds?

Cognitive states (Have a “direction-of-fit”)

-Beliefs

-Suppositions

-Knowledge

Affective states (Have a feeling associated with them)

-emotions

-perceptions

-feelings

-moods


The mind body problem

The Mind-Body Problem

Substance Dualism

-mind and body distinct substances

-causal interaction?

-interactionism (Descartes)

-occasionalism (Malebfranche)

-pre-established harmony (Leibniz)


Property Dualism (Donald Davidson – “Anomalous Monism”)

-mental properties distinct from physical properties

-mental properties not reducible to physical properties

-not committed to existence of two distinct kinds of substance


Materialism and the mind

Materialism and the Mind

Identity Theories (Type vs. Token)

Eliminative Materialism

Behaviourism

Functionalism


Intentionality

Intentionality

What makes our mental images/ beliefs about things in the world???

-causal connections?

-resemblance/similarity??


The problems of consciousness

The Problems of Consciousness

The phenomenological aspect of the mental was ignored for some time

-can there be a scientific account of consciousness?

-can there be a materialistic theory of consciousness


Some problems raised by consciousness

Some Problems Raised by Consciousness

Ownership

Mechanism

“Zombies”

Inverted Spectrum

Location of pains


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