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Short Story Review. Binder Core “A Boy & His Puppy” Stories. Theme. It is not the "moral" of the story. A moral is a piece of practical advice that can be gained from the novel to apply to our own lives.

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short story review

Short Story Review

Binder Core

“A Boy & His Puppy” Stories

theme
Theme
  • It is not the "moral" of the story.
  • A moral is a piece of practical advice that can be gained from the novel to apply to our own lives.
  • A theme is more complex than a moral and may have no direct advice or philosophical value that the reader can apply
  • It is not the subject of the story.
  • It is not a "hidden meaning" that needs to be pulled out of the story.
theme1
Theme
  • What theme is:
  • Theme is the meaning released by the work when we take all aspects of the work in its entirety into account.
  • It is an aspect of human experience that the author wishes to express.
  • The importance of theme in literature can be overestimated; the work of fiction is more than just the theme. However, the theme allows the author to control or give order to his perceptions about life.
theme2
Theme
  • Discovering theme: Theme can be discovered only by becoming aware of the relations among the parts of a story and of the relations of the parts to a whole:
    • Characters: What kind of people does the story deal with?
    • Plot: What do the characters do? Are they in control of their lives, or are they controlled by fate?
    • Motivation: Why do the characters behave as they do, and what motives dominate them?
    • Style: How does the author perceive reality?
    • Tone: What is the author\'s attitude towards his subject?
    • Values: What are the values of the characters in the story? What values does the author seem to promote?
motif
Motif
  • recurring structures, contrasts, or literary devices that can help to develop and inform the text’s major themes.
  • a recurring subject, theme, idea, etc., especially in a literary, artistic, or musical work.
the monkey s paw
“The Monkey’s Paw”
  • setting:
  • characters:
  • climax:
  • themes & motifs:
    • danger of wishing
    • home vs. outside
    • groups of three
  • literary devices:
    • foreshadowing
    • symbols:
      • paw
      • chess
there will come soft rains
“There Will ComeSoft Rains”
  • setting:
  • characters:
  • climax:
  • themes & motifs:
    • war
    • technology
    • nature’s triumph
  • literary devices:
    • personification
    • foreshadowing
    • suspense
a sound of thunder
“A Sound ofThunder”
  • setting:
  • characters:
  • climax:
  • themes & motifs:
    • interconnectedness
    • purpose of all actions
  • literary devices:
    • allusion:
      • Bible
      • Nazi Germany
    • irony
    • foreshadowing
    • simile & metaphor
an occurrence at owl creek bridge
“An Occurrence atOwl Creek Bridge”
  • setting:
  • characters:
  • climax:
  • themes & motifs:
    • fluid nature of time
    • blurred line between reality & illusion
    • distorted sensory experience
    • color gray
  • literary devices:
    • realism
    • foreshadowing (widens towards end)
    • tone (seem)
    • symbols:
      • driftwood
      • bridge
charles
“Charles”
  • setting:
  • characters:
  • climax:
  • themes & motifs:
    • identity
    • home vs. outside
    • appearance vs. reality
    • lies & getting caught
  • literary devices:
    • point-of-view
    • character:
the lottery
“The Lottery”
  • setting:
  • characters:
  • climax:
  • themes & motifs:
    • blindly following tradition
    • random persecution
    • rules
  • literary devices:
    • specific details (sets up shocking end)
    • foreshadowing
    • suspense (lack of detail)
    • symbols:
      • lottery
      • black box
lamb to the slaughter
“Lamb to the Slaughter”
  • setting:
  • characters:
  • climax:
  • themes & motifs:
    • betrayal
    • identity
    • devotion
  • literary devices:
    • internal conflict
    • suspense
    • dark humor
    • irony
the man from the south
“The Man Fromthe South”
  • setting:
  • characters:
  • climax:
  • themes & motifs:
    • trust
    • too good to be true
  • literary devices:
    • dark humor
    • point-of-view
the tell tale heart
“The Tell-Tale Heart”
  • setting:
  • characters:
  • climax:
  • themes & motifs:
    • love & hate
    • self vs. alter ego (in/sanity?)
    • eyes
    • guilt
    • time
  • literary devices:
    • flashback
    • irony
    • mood (sound)
    • imagery
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