Short story review
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Short Story Review. Binder Core “A Boy & His Puppy” Stories. Theme. It is not the "moral" of the story. A moral is a piece of practical advice that can be gained from the novel to apply to our own lives.

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Short Story Review

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Short story review

Short Story Review

Binder Core

“A Boy & His Puppy” Stories


Theme

Theme

  • It is not the "moral" of the story.

  • A moral is a piece of practical advice that can be gained from the novel to apply to our own lives.

  • A theme is more complex than a moral and may have no direct advice or philosophical value that the reader can apply

  • It is not the subject of the story.

  • It is not a "hidden meaning" that needs to be pulled out of the story.


Theme1

Theme

  • What theme is:

  • Theme is the meaning released by the work when we take all aspects of the work in its entirety into account.

  • It is an aspect of human experience that the author wishes to express.

  • The importance of theme in literature can be overestimated; the work of fiction is more than just the theme. However, the theme allows the author to control or give order to his perceptions about life.


Theme2

Theme

  • Discovering theme: Theme can be discovered only by becoming aware of the relations among the parts of a story and of the relations of the parts to a whole:

    • Characters: What kind of people does the story deal with?

    • Plot: What do the characters do? Are they in control of their lives, or are they controlled by fate?

    • Motivation: Why do the characters behave as they do, and what motives dominate them?

    • Style: How does the author perceive reality?

    • Tone: What is the author's attitude towards his subject?

    • Values: What are the values of the characters in the story? What values does the author seem to promote?


Motif

Motif

  • recurring structures, contrasts, or literary devices that can help to develop and inform the text’s major themes.

  • a recurring subject, theme, idea, etc., especially in a literary, artistic, or musical work.


The monkey s paw

“The Monkey’s Paw”

  • setting:

  • characters:

  • climax:

  • themes & motifs:

    • danger of wishing

    • home vs. outside

    • groups of three

  • literary devices:

    • foreshadowing

    • symbols:

      • paw

      • chess


There will come soft rains

“There Will ComeSoft Rains”

  • setting:

  • characters:

  • climax:

  • themes & motifs:

    • war

    • technology

    • nature’s triumph

  • literary devices:

    • personification

    • foreshadowing

    • suspense


A sound of thunder

“A Sound ofThunder”

  • setting:

  • characters:

  • climax:

  • themes & motifs:

    • interconnectedness

    • purpose of all actions

  • literary devices:

    • allusion:

      • Bible

      • Nazi Germany

    • irony

    • foreshadowing

    • simile & metaphor


An occurrence at owl creek bridge

“An Occurrence atOwl Creek Bridge”

  • setting:

  • characters:

  • climax:

  • themes & motifs:

    • fluid nature of time

    • blurred line between reality & illusion

    • distorted sensory experience

    • color gray

  • literary devices:

    • realism

    • foreshadowing (widens towards end)

    • tone (seem)

    • symbols:

      • driftwood

      • bridge


Charles

“Charles”

  • setting:

  • characters:

  • climax:

  • themes & motifs:

    • identity

    • home vs. outside

    • appearance vs. reality

    • lies & getting caught

  • literary devices:

    • point-of-view

    • character:


The lottery

“The Lottery”

  • setting:

  • characters:

  • climax:

  • themes & motifs:

    • blindly following tradition

    • random persecution

    • rules

  • literary devices:

    • specific details (sets up shocking end)

    • foreshadowing

    • suspense (lack of detail)

    • symbols:

      • lottery

      • black box


Lamb to the slaughter

“Lamb to the Slaughter”

  • setting:

  • characters:

  • climax:

  • themes & motifs:

    • betrayal

    • identity

    • devotion

  • literary devices:

    • internal conflict

    • suspense

    • dark humor

    • irony


The man from the south

“The Man Fromthe South”

  • setting:

  • characters:

  • climax:

  • themes & motifs:

    • trust

    • too good to be true

  • literary devices:

    • dark humor

    • point-of-view


The tell tale heart

“The Tell-Tale Heart”

  • setting:

  • characters:

  • climax:

  • themes & motifs:

    • love & hate

    • self vs. alter ego (in/sanity?)

    • eyes

    • guilt

    • time

  • literary devices:

    • flashback

    • irony

    • mood (sound)

    • imagery


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