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Decentralization & Design. Technological: networked info economy distributed generation miniaturization Ecological: economic biomimicry / ecosystem model of development Social: creativity base: human-scale Localization. Environmental Protection Perspective.

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Presentation Transcript
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Decentralization & Design

  • Technological:

    • networked info economy

    • distributed generation

    • miniaturization

  • Ecological: economic biomimicry / ecosystem model of development

  • Social: creativity base: human-scale

  • Localization


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Environmental Protection Perspective

  • protection / eco-efficiency / politics of limits

  • involves: controls on profit-motive and/or engineering incentives and disincentives to spin-off social & enviro benefits from profit motive

  • no fundamental changes in economic and political power

  • no fundamental change in industrialism’s labour / resources relationship


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Historical Trends in Regulation

  • Early industrial capitalism:

    • Unconscious-decentralized / focus on material needs / subordination of state to markets: Invisible Hand / focus on production / unbridled exploitation of nature / theoretical democracy

  • Fordist & state-socialist industrialism:

    • Conscious-centralized / new (and disguised) focus on non-material needs / Need for more planning: political intervention / More concern with consumption & (quantitative) demand / managed exploitation of nature / representative democracy

  • Postindustrial Potentials (today):

    • Conscious-decentralized / direct focus on non-material needs / integration & transformation of state & markets / integration with nature / direct democracy

    • Super-industrialism:Post-Fordist globalization: avoidance, suppression or channeling of the above. Crisis.


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Trends in Mainstream Regulation

  • End-of-pipe control and cleanup : 70s

  • Point Source Prevention : 80s

  • Consumption Patterns and Product & System Design : today


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River (Industrial-Linear) vs. Lake (Green-Cyclical) Economy

  • resources: Life cycle approach

  • human need: end-use approach

  • EPR and design for environment

  • is industrial capitalism a form of quantitative development or accumulation?

    • explains why efficiency or even profit isn't enough: question of self interest

  • Stahel: issue of liability

  • Beyond Capitalism & Socialism:

    What forms of Ownership support

    Stewardship?


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Industrial Ecology & Service

  • Industrial ecostructure: Reuse-based Manufacturing

  • entails new levels of producer liability

  • reduces both the flow of resources and their speed through the economy

  • encourages local/regional economies, and

  • facilitates high skill levels


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Manufacturing & the Ecological Service Economy

  • Production contributes to Qualitative Wealth

  • Waste Equals Food

  • Dematerialization of Production and Higher Resource Efficiency

  • Reduction of the Speed of Resource Flow through the Economy

  • Appropriate Scale

  • Regenerative Work is Created

  • New Rules & Closed Loops: LCA and EPR


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Production in an Eco-economy

  • Craft: money and the economy of labour time

  • Eco-infrastructure and food, energy and water

  • Eco-industrial Parks and Networks

  • industrial ecosystems

  • biorefineries

  • eco-Flexible Manufacturing Networks


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Benign Materials & the Carbohydrate Economy

  • plant matter as the original source of synthetics & plastics

    • biological revolution & genetic engineering: make possible cheaper & more prolific creation of enzymes.

    • biochemicals: less toxic & degrade more quickly than petrochemicals.

    • detergents, paints, dyes, inks, adhesives, fabrics, building materials, etc.

  • zero discharge and industrial clusters

    • complete use of plant materials

    • plantations, biorefineries and green cities


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The Centrality of the Landscape

“The industrial age replaced the natural processes of the landscape with the global machine…while regenerative design seeks now to replace the machine with landscape.”

…John Tillman Lyle


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The Soft Energy Path

  • A flexible diverse mix of energy supply

  • Primacy of Renewableenergy sources

  • Focus on End-use, on Conservation, and on efficiency of use

  • Energy matched to the task at hand in both QUALITY and SCALE

  • Participation-oriented structure--in both production and consumption

  • People-intensive development and Job-creation


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Energy & Spatial Organization

  • Energy & the Landscape

    Eco-infrastructure: going with nature

  • The Eco-system Model: eco-infill

  • Integrating the Divided Economy

    Every place a locus of eco-production

    Buildings as producers not just

    consumersof energy


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Key Areas of Green Building

Green Building Certification

--new construction

--retrofit

--neighbourhoods

  • Natural Building & eco-community design




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Localization

  • LOIS vs. TINA

  • Local First not “buy local”

  • Multipliers

  • Employment

  • Stability / security

    • Peak Oil / Corporate Mobility

  • Quality of Life

  • Efficiency


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