Frank Lloyd Wright
Download
1 / 50

Frank Lloyd Wright - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 84 Views
  • Uploaded on

Frank Lloyd Wright. 1867 - 1959. lifespan anchors him in Arts and Crafts. furniture. rationalized no applied ornamentation rooted to floor no organicism could be argued Arts and Crafts as well as Art Nouveau. Wright. Mackintosh. background.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Frank Lloyd Wright' - clio


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Frank Lloyd Wright

1867 - 1959

lifespan anchors him in Arts and Crafts


furniture

  • rationalized

  • no applied ornamentation

  • rooted to floor

  • no organicism

  • could be argued Arts and Crafts as well as Art Nouveau

Wright

Mackintosh


background

  • did not like to admit that anyone else inspired him

  • froebel blocks—played with as a child



architecture

Wright House, Oak Park, IL, 1889-1895

  • shingle style—with brick and stone

  • little classical detailing—palladian window


architecture

heavy eaves–creates heavy shadow

clay tile

brick (used as veneer)

Winslow House, River Forest, IL, 1893

starts to create elements of “prairie style”— inspired by long sweeping horizontal line of the prairie


architectural detail

clay tile

  • used clay tiles—somewhat like Louis Sullivan

  • long slender “Roman brick”

Roman brick


architecture

Robie House, FLW, Chicago, IL, 1909

  • further development of prairie style

  • clear interest in the horizontal line


architecture

  • very modern looking—everything else was craftsman or beaux arts

  • very innovative


architecture

  • Louis Sullivan—saw grid & construction

  • Frank Lloyd Wright—hides structure


architectural detail

Roman brick—flush vertical joint to accentuate horizontal nature


architecture

Where is front door?

have to search for the door—forces you to explore the building more closely


architecture

front door?


architecture

front door?


architecture

front door?


architecture

front door


architecture

open plan—staircase & fireplace separate spaces visually

really wants to “break out of the box”—designs rectangular box & takes every opportunity to break through



interiors

  • uses COMPRESSION—small entry, tight stair and then RELEASE—large, spacious living room

  • 17th century colonial homes were inspiration—horizontal beams, hearth was heart of American culture


interiors

furniture emphasizes horizontality—all one level


interiors

windows negate corners—breaks out of box


interiors

door goes out to space under extended eaves


interiors

bay window points out at an angle—extending space


interior detail

  • pure geometry—abstracted foliage

  • in order to see real nature, see his abstracted design in front of it


interiors

all lighting built-in

  • fireplace used to divide space—hearth, center role

  • chimney—only piece on exterior with verticality


interiors

carves out niche to emphasize idea of one room


interiors

  • recognized furniture was not comfortable

  • very Art Nouveau in the sense that light is built-in to table

  • table glows, rest of room is in shadow—chairs also block out view—enhances social interaction


Larkin building flw buffalo ny 1904 with furniture by steelcase corporation

architecture

Larkin Building, FLW, Buffalo, NY, 1904 with furniture by Steelcase Corporation


architecture

  • exterior is all brick—bright red/oranges

  • vertical circulation is expressed at corners


architecture

large atrium that goes all the way to the top floor


architecture/interiors

  • open office planning—beginning of the cubicle

  • built strictly in a hierarchal sense—very open at bottom (women) to more closed and secluded at top (men)


architecture/interiors

  • open plan

  • pros:

  • flexible

  • group and regroup people as you need to

  • does not create any dead circulation space

  • cons:

  • noisy

  • no privacy

  • shows your status clearly




interiors

middle management—more of a sense of enclosure


furniture

  • early versions of office chairs—look machine made

  • 3 legged design tipped over easily—had to redesign


furniture

  • follows prairie style—long horizontal planes

  • tipped if too much stuff was put on side with drawers


architecture

just outside of Pittsburgh

falling water


architectural detail

  • communes with nature—manmade beams and rock work together to form foundation


architectural detail

  • stairway takes you right to water of river

  • built beams around trees


architecture

compressed entry




interiors

  • built-in, low horizontal furniture

  • reds, oranges, yellows—focus is on the views


interiors

  • fireplace uses the sphere and square motif

  • indentation in rock wall to hold sphere


interiors

stairway takes you right to water of river



interiors

Arts and Crafts ideals—more of a folk craft style


interiors

  • bookshelves custom built to fit stairs


interiors

design detail—space in desktop for window to open


ad