Frank Lloyd Wright
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Frank Lloyd Wright. 1867 - 1959. lifespan anchors him in Arts and Crafts. furniture. rationalized no applied ornamentation rooted to floor no organicism could be argued Arts and Crafts as well as Art Nouveau. Wright. Mackintosh. background.

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Frank Lloyd Wright

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Frank lloyd wright

Frank Lloyd Wright

1867 - 1959

lifespan anchors him in Arts and Crafts


Frank lloyd wright

furniture

  • rationalized

  • no applied ornamentation

  • rooted to floor

  • no organicism

  • could be argued Arts and Crafts as well as Art Nouveau

Wright

Mackintosh


Frank lloyd wright

background

  • did not like to admit that anyone else inspired him

  • froebel blocks—played with as a child


Frank lloyd wright

background


Frank lloyd wright

architecture

Wright House, Oak Park, IL, 1889-1895

  • shingle style—with brick and stone

  • little classical detailing—palladian window


Frank lloyd wright

architecture

heavy eaves–creates heavy shadow

clay tile

brick (used as veneer)

Winslow House, River Forest, IL, 1893

starts to create elements of “prairie style”— inspired by long sweeping horizontal line of the prairie


Frank lloyd wright

architectural detail

clay tile

  • used clay tiles—somewhat like Louis Sullivan

  • long slender “Roman brick”

Roman brick


Frank lloyd wright

architecture

Robie House, FLW, Chicago, IL, 1909

  • further development of prairie style

  • clear interest in the horizontal line


Frank lloyd wright

architecture

  • very modern looking—everything else was craftsman or beaux arts

  • very innovative


Frank lloyd wright

architecture

  • Louis Sullivan—saw grid & construction

  • Frank Lloyd Wright—hides structure


Frank lloyd wright

architectural detail

Roman brick—flush vertical joint to accentuate horizontal nature


Frank lloyd wright

architecture

Where is front door?

have to search for the door—forces you to explore the building more closely


Frank lloyd wright

architecture

front door?


Frank lloyd wright

architecture

front door?


Frank lloyd wright

architecture

front door?


Frank lloyd wright

architecture

front door


Frank lloyd wright

architecture

open plan—staircase & fireplace separate spaces visually

really wants to “break out of the box”—designs rectangular box & takes every opportunity to break through


Frank lloyd wright

interiors


Frank lloyd wright

interiors

  • uses COMPRESSION—small entry, tight stair and then RELEASE—large, spacious living room

  • 17th century colonial homes were inspiration—horizontal beams, hearth was heart of American culture


Frank lloyd wright

interiors

furniture emphasizes horizontality—all one level


Frank lloyd wright

interiors

windows negate corners—breaks out of box


Frank lloyd wright

interiors

door goes out to space under extended eaves


Frank lloyd wright

interiors

bay window points out at an angle—extending space


Frank lloyd wright

interior detail

  • pure geometry—abstracted foliage

  • in order to see real nature, see his abstracted design in front of it


Frank lloyd wright

interiors

all lighting built-in

  • fireplace used to divide space—hearth, center role

  • chimney—only piece on exterior with verticality


Frank lloyd wright

interiors

carves out niche to emphasize idea of one room


Frank lloyd wright

interiors

  • recognized furniture was not comfortable

  • very Art Nouveau in the sense that light is built-in to table

  • table glows, rest of room is in shadow—chairs also block out view—enhances social interaction


Larkin building flw buffalo ny 1904 with furniture by steelcase corporation

architecture

Larkin Building, FLW, Buffalo, NY, 1904 with furniture by Steelcase Corporation


Frank lloyd wright

architecture

  • exterior is all brick—bright red/oranges

  • vertical circulation is expressed at corners


Frank lloyd wright

architecture

large atrium that goes all the way to the top floor


Frank lloyd wright

architecture/interiors

  • open office planning—beginning of the cubicle

  • built strictly in a hierarchal sense—very open at bottom (women) to more closed and secluded at top (men)


Frank lloyd wright

architecture/interiors

  • open plan

  • pros:

  • flexible

  • group and regroup people as you need to

  • does not create any dead circulation space

  • cons:

  • noisy

  • no privacy

  • shows your status clearly


Frank lloyd wright

interiors


Frank lloyd wright

interiors


Frank lloyd wright

interiors

middle management—more of a sense of enclosure


Frank lloyd wright

furniture

  • early versions of office chairs—look machine made

  • 3 legged design tipped over easily—had to redesign


Frank lloyd wright

furniture

  • follows prairie style—long horizontal planes

  • tipped if too much stuff was put on side with drawers


Frank lloyd wright

architecture

just outside of Pittsburgh

falling water


Frank lloyd wright

architectural detail

  • communes with nature—manmade beams and rock work together to form foundation


Frank lloyd wright

architectural detail

  • stairway takes you right to water of river

  • built beams around trees


Frank lloyd wright

architecture

compressed entry


Frank lloyd wright

architecture


Frank lloyd wright

architecture


Frank lloyd wright

interiors

  • built-in, low horizontal furniture

  • reds, oranges, yellows—focus is on the views


Frank lloyd wright

interiors

  • fireplace uses the sphere and square motif

  • indentation in rock wall to hold sphere


Frank lloyd wright

interiors

stairway takes you right to water of river


Frank lloyd wright

interiors


Frank lloyd wright

interiors

Arts and Crafts ideals—more of a folk craft style


Frank lloyd wright

interiors

  • bookshelves custom built to fit stairs


Frank lloyd wright

interiors

design detail—space in desktop for window to open


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