Personas
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Personas. Kathy E. Gill 19 Feb 2008. Agenda. Some more task exercises Pop down to MCDM info session Personas mini lecture Personas hands-on But first… Nate’s link example (2 slides). Personas. Developed by Alan Cooper

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Personas

Personas

Kathy E. Gill

19 Feb 2008


Agenda

Agenda

  • Some more task exercises

  • Pop down to MCDM info session

  • Personas mini lecture

  • Personas hands-on

  • But first… Nate’s link example (2 slides)


Personas1

Personas

  • Developed by Alan Cooper

  • A user archetype used to help guide decisions about product features, navigation, and visual design


Who are the important users

Who are the important users?

  • Always more than one group of users (if only beginner, intermediate, advanced)

  • What technologies do they use?

  • Essential to understand information needs of audience (and their vocabulary!)

    • How else can you organize content so that they can find what they are looking for?


Know your site visitors

Know your site visitors

  • ID audience segments, prioritize

  • Use log files

  • Consider privacy issues

    • Personalization

    • Cookies

  • Create personas based on research (ideal) or ad hoc (Norman)


Ideal persona development

Ideal Persona Development

  • Synthesized from a interviews with real people

  • Summarized description includes behavior patterns, goals, skills, attitudes


Persona descriptions

Persona Descriptions

  • Personas represent behavior patterns, not job descriptions!

  • It’s not a list of tasks, although the narrative that describes the flow will touch on tasks


Experience goals

Experience Goals

  • How the persona wants to feel when using a product

    • Having fun and not feeling stupid are experience goals

  • Usually there is one persona to represent those of us with a lot of anxiety about technology

    • From Perfecting Your Personas


End goals

End Goals

  • What happens when the persona uses the product?

    • Create an award-winning publication

    • Become more efficient with time

    • Reduce accounting errors


False goals

False Goals

  • Save memory

  • Easy to learn

  • Protect data integrity

  • How do these differ from End or Experience Goals?


Personas and marketing

Personas and Marketing

  • Your marketing and sales targets may not be your design targets

    • Example: In-Flight Entertainment System. Who is the better design target? The business traveler or the retired homemaker? Why?


Types of personas olsen

Types of Personas: Olsen

  • Focal (primary)

  • Secondary (satisfy when we can)

  • Unimportant (low-priority)

  • Affected

  • Exclusionary

  • Stakeholders

    • From Boxes and Arrows


Types of personas cooper

Types of Personas: Cooper

  • Primary and secondary -- design for primary

  • Cooper’s Premise: what would you get if you tried to design a car that everyone would want to drive?

  • Tip: Focus on three or four goals that are specific to your product or service


Quotable

Quotable

  • “Personas, like all powerful tools, can be grasped in an instant but can take months or years to master.”

    • Alan Cooper, 2003, http://www.cooper.com/content/insights/newsletters/2003_08/Origin_of_Personas.asp


Persona ellen

Persona – Ellen

Ellen has just entered her senior year at Lincoln High School in St. Louis, Missouri. She enjoys speech and English class, hates trigonometry, and is active in the tennis club. Her parents both work full time. …

http://people.interaction-ivrea.it/c.noessel/mproj/p_ellen.htm


Persona robin

Persona – Robin

  • Robin is a product manager for an enterprise B2B vendor with a direct sales force. She manages all aspects of product management for three products. She is 35 years old with a college degree and some MBA classes. She earns $85,000 a year and is eligible for an $8,000 bonus based on…

http://www.productmarketing.com/magazine/1/4/0310sj.htm


Personas in practice 1 3

Personas in Practice (1/3)

  • Help focus attention on a specific audience

  • Help make assumptions about the target audience more specific

  • Help avoid the trap of building what users think they want rather than what they will actually use


Personas in practice 2 3

Personas in Practice (2/3)

  • Help avoid the trap of building what developers think users want

  • Provide a benchmark for measurement (decision-making)

  • Help prioritize ideas, features (decision-making)


Personas in practice 3 3

Personas in Practice (3/3)

  • Personas are a medium for communication: once a set of personas is familiar to a team, a new finding can be easily communicated: “Alan cannot use the web site search tool” has more punch than “our usability testers had trouble with search”

    From Microsoft, Personas: Practice and Theory


How personas work 1 2

How Personas Work (1/2)

  • Power of narrative to engage

  • Help create scenarios that work

  • Breathe life into task analyses


How personas work 2

How Personas Work (/2)

  • Theory of Mind: 25 years of psychological research on how we can predict another person’s behavior based on understanding their mental state

    • Also from Personas: Practice and Theory


In sum needed details

In Sum, Needed Details:

  • A real name

  • Age

  • A photo

  • Personal info, including family and home life

  • Work environment (not a job description!)

  • Computer proficiency and comfort with the Web

  • Info-seeking habits

  • Attitudes, including pet peeves

  • Personal and professional goals

  • Motivation: why would this person use your high-tech product?

    From Alan Cooper, The Inmates Are Running the Asylum: Why High-Tech Products Drive Us Crazy and How to Restore the Sanity, Indianapolis: Sams, 1999.


Conclusion

Conclusion

  • Personas are a tool which enables the design team to communicate nuance and emotion, with the goal of creating a product that more closely meets target audience needs


Coming up

Coming up …

  • Next week:

    • Guest Lecture: Craig Maedgen

    • Discussion Leader: Sarah

  • Third assignment (revisit tasks from #2) due Friday

  • No class 4 March (work on project!)

  • We’ll work on wireframes, sitemaps on the 11th

  • Guest lecture 11 March (interface designer for Web 2.0 apps) and your pitch


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