D10 mind altering drugs
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D10 Mind-Altering Drugs. Structural similarietes and differences The effects of LSD, mescaline , psilocybin and THC Arguments for and against legalisation of cannabis. Mind-altering drugs ( except THC). Amines Contain the indole ring. Indole ring. Psilocybin. Mescaline.

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D10 Mind-Altering Drugs

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D10 mind altering drugs

D10 Mind-Altering Drugs

  • Structuralsimilarietes and differences

  • The effectsof LSD, mescaline, psilocybin and THC

  • Arguments for and against legalisation of cannabis


Mind altering drugs except thc

Mind-altering drugs(except THC)

  • Amines

  • Contain the indole ring

Indole ring

Psilocybin

Mescaline

LSD


Lysergic acid diethylamide lsd

Lysergic Acid Diethylamide, LSD

  • Derived from ergot (mjöldryga), a grain fungus that typically grows on rye or wheat

  • A semisynthetic psychedelic drug

  • Works by blocking the action of

    the transmitter substance

    serotonin

  • Taken orally

  • AKA: Acid


Short term effects of lsd

Short-term effects of LSD

- Restlessness

- Dizziness

- Desire to laugh

- Distortions in sound and visual perception

- Unpleasant hallucinations: lead to despair and suicide

- Takers might believe that they can “fly”


Long term effects of lsd

Long-term effects of LSD

- Severe depression

- Psychosis: radical changes in personality, impaired functioning, and a distorted or non-existent sense of objective reality

- Dramatic mood swings

- Loss of communication skills

- Loss of appetite


Psilocybin magic mushrooms

Psilocybin- magic mushrooms

  • Found in “PsilocybeSemilanceata”

  • Mushrooms typically contain 0. 2 to 0.4 percent psilocybin

  • Can be produced synthetically

  • Mildly hallucinogenic

  • Ingested orally


Effects of psilocybin

Effects of Psilocybin

- Hallucinations

- Inability to distinguish between reality and fantasy

- Panic reactions

- Alteration of perception

- Dilated pupils

- Muscle weakness

- Feeling of insight

- Not addictive

May be confusedwith ”Deadlywebcaps” or EarthlyInocybe”


Feeling of insight example

Feeling of insight, example

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7YYHOdQG9Fw


Mescaline

Mescaline

  • Dark-brown powder ground from "buttons" of the Mexican cactus ,“peyote”.

  • Taken orally

  • Bitter taste


Effects of mescaline

Effects of Mescaline

  • Headaches

  • Anxiety

  • Feeling of dying or annihilation

  • Euphoria

  • Hallucinations

  • Alters visual and auditory perception

  • Liver damage?


Tetrahydrocannabinol thc

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)

  • Active ingredient in Marijuana; weed or cannabis

  • Affects the release of acetylcholine, noradrenaline and dopamine in the brain, and also has analgesic (pain-killing) effects

  • Intake: smoked, inhaled or eaten

  • Made from the flowering tops, stems, leaves, and seeds of the Hemp plant


Short term effects of thc

Short-term effects of THC

- Feeling of relaxation

- Enhanced auditory and visual perception

- Loss of sense of time

- Confusion

- Emotional distress

- Anxiety

Functionalgroups?


Long term effects of thc

Long-term effects of THC

- Apathy: feeling of indifference and suppression of emotions

- Lethargy: Fatigue

- Lowering of fertility

- Risk of cancer


Legalization of marijuana pro

Legalization of Marijuana- pro

  • Marijuana is available medically to many terminally ill patients as well as for some other conditions: cancer, epilepsy

  • Legalization would allow police to focus their efforts on more important matters

  • Taxes on marijuana would possibly generate large amounts of revenue


Legalization of marijuana contra

Legalization of Marijuana-contra

-Increased costs to society: especially from cancer and heart disease from smoking

-Increased danger from people driving under the influence

-Marijuana abuse would increase

-Marijuana’s status as a gateway drug would lead to increased addiction to more dangerous drugs such as cocaine, methamphetamines, and heroin


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