Roman republican government
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Roman Republican Government:. SPQR “The Senate and the People Are Rome” 6.2. Roman Government. 2 Classes Patricians & Plebeians Why were many plebeians dissatisfied with Roman government in the early years? Reforms? How did they get them?.

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Roman republican government

Roman Republican Government:

SPQR

“The Senate and the People Are Rome”

6.2


Roman government

Roman Government

2 Classes Patricians

&

Plebeians

Why were many plebeians dissatisfied with Roman government in the early years?

Reforms? How did they get them?


Reenactors remember the romans in england

Reenactors remember the Romans in England…

A tortoise manuever


Roman republican government

Army Reading:

1. How did the Roman government win support from conquered peoples?

2. What was army life like?

Ancient relief sculpture of a Roman Triumph: A Parade of Victory


Rome s legions

Who fought?

What privileges do veterans get?

Why was the legion more lethal than the Greek phallanx?

How did the typical legionnaire live?

Command

Structure

Rome’s Legions

2 Consuls

Led 5-25 legions

Legate – led one legion

A legion was 50-60 centuries

A Centurion commanded one century

80-100 legionairesmade up a century


How were the twelve tables as a set of laws review problems

Between 494-287 BC thousands of plebeians refused to fight in expanding Rome unless patricians agreed to reforms

Enslavement for debt was eliminated

Marriage between the classes allowed

AND it was chiseled in stone as written law…in 451BC

- hung in the forum

How were the Twelve Tables as a set of laws? Review problems


The tarpeian rock worse for traitors and special shame

The Tarpeian RockWorse…for traitors and special shame


The forum and the curia building where the senate met at the height of empire

The Forum and the Curia buildingwhere the Senate met at the height of empire …

Forum


Proportion and balance were important

Proportion and Balance were important…*

Justice

Wisdom

All 4 of these virtues in

architectural balance: the bottom three support Justice

Fortitude

Temperance

Plato and

Aristotle

*Developed by Greek philosophers…


Why did the romans ultimately consider their government balanced

Why did the Romans ultimately consider their government balanced?


Spqr balanced government

Magistrates

or Executive Branch

2 Consuls

And other officials…

Censors – Population, Elections

Praetors - Courts

Aediles – City Order, Construction

Questors - Treasury

Prerequisites:

Must serve 20 years in the Army;

Patrician only at first, later Plebeian OK.

Senate

Advises Consuls, who must obey this advice

300 most powerful men

Later 600

Former magistrates can automatically enter the Senate w/ approval of censors.

Originally had to be patricians, later plebeians can enter, first as Tribunes, then as influential or wealthy men

SPQR: Balanced Government

Assembly

Votes

No debate took place:

just yes/no votes on laws

and votes on electing magistrates & tribunes

The People

10 Tribunes

- Can veto laws of Assembly

Dictator

For 6 months only


The unimportant detailed version

The “unimportant” detailed version…

Skip…


Cincinnatus a good dictator

“…Lucius Quinctius Cincinnatus was appointed by universal consent. It is worthwhile for those persons who despise all things human in comparison with riches, and who suppose that there is no room either for exalted honour, or for virtue, except where riches abound in great profusion, to listen to the following [story of Cincinnatus]…

Livy, Roman historian

458 BC – a former consul is called to serve…

(Statue in Cincinnati, Ohio)

Cincinnatus: a good Dictator


Three phases of the republic

Three phases of the Republic

  • 509 – 265BC

    • Rome ConquersItaly

  • 264-146BC

    • Rome Fights Carthage in 3 Punic Wars

  • 145-44BC

    • Several Roman military leaders threaten to ruin the government in the Republic…


Rome s expansion on the boot

Rome’s Expansion on the Boot!

  • 390BC Rome sacked by marauding Gauls.

    • In response, larger, longer and stronger walls

    • Won’t happen again for 800 years

  • 282 BC - Greek colonists seek help from Greece General Pyrrhus wins a “pyrrhic victory”, which is: _____________________________________

  • 275 BC –Independent Greeks driven out of Italy


What were the punic wars

What were the Punic Wars?


Roman republican government

Before the First Punic War

Carthage


Roman republican government

Before the 2nd Punic War,

Hannibal and the Battle of Zama


Roman republican government

After the Punic Wars: Expansion by 44 BC


Expansion to the eastern mediterranean

Expansion to the Eastern Mediterranean

  • Why do the Greeks celebrate the Roman’s arrival at first?

  • Why did their attitudes change?

  • At the Greek city-state of Corinth: What happened and why?


The 3 punic wars

The (3) Punic Wars:


Roman versus carthaginian

Roman versus Carthaginian


Roman republican government

Hannibal: Rome’s Worst Nightmare (BBC Miniseries)

Pt 1 Meet Hannibal

and 2 Battle of Cannae

And 3 The End of Hannibal

(by Titus Labienus)

How they got the elephants ready for battle

Click on links above to begin


Battle of zama ends the 2 nd punic war 202bc

Battle of Zama ends the 2nd Punic War- 202BC

Battle of Zama, 1597 drawing


Carthage roman republic

Battle of Zama

CarthageRoman Republic

HannibalScipio Africanus

  • Strength

    Almost 50,000 infantry 4,000 cavalry80 war elephants34,000 Roman infantry3,000 Roman cavalry6,000 African allied cavalry

    Casualties

    20,000 killed,1,500 killed,

    11,000 wounded,4,000 wounded

    15,000 captured


Do you agree why or why not

Do you agree? Why or why not?

  • “Hannibal was a very effective general.”


The thesis must present an argument

The thesis must present an argument.

  • Can I reasonably argue the opposite?

  • 1. No3. Yes

    2. “Hannibal was a very effective general.”

    Although 1, 2 because of 3.


True or false

?True or False?

  • “The Carthaginian loss in the 2nd Punic War due more to Roman skill than Hannibal’s mistakes or ineffectiveness.”


The thesis must present an argument1

The thesis must present an argument.

  • Can I reasonably argue the opposite?

  • 1. No3. Yes

    2. “The Carthaginian loss in the 2nd Punic War due more to Roman skill.”

    Although 1, 2 because of 3.


753bc 703 509 494 458 451 390 282 275 265 146 82 73 49bc

753BC 703 509 494 458 451 390 282 275 265 - 146 82 73 49BC

Rome founded

Etruscan kings took control

Republic founded

Plebieans begin strugggle for more rights

Cincinattus: ideal dictator12 tables Written

Gauls sack Rome

Gen Pyrrhus beats the Romans

Greeks driven out of Italy

3 Punic Wars: 2nd: Hannibal / Scipio

Sulla abolishes 6 mo. dictat. term

Spartacus leads rebellion

Caesar starts Civil War


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