Chapter 27. The Islamic Empires. The Islamic Empires, 1500-1800. The Ottoman Empire (1289-1923). Osman leads bands of semi-nomadic Turks to become ghazi : Muslim religious warriors Captures Anatolia with light cavalry and volunteer infantry Later, heavy cavalry
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Capture of Constantinople, 1453,
the capital of the Christian Byzantine
Transformation from warrior
sultan to emperor of “two lands”
(Europe, Asia) and “two seas”
(Black Sea, Mediterranean)
Planned to capture pope, but was unsuccessful.
Mehmed’s forces invaded and seized the Italian port of Otranto in 1480-1481, but papal forces pushed them back. Otranto is located on the “heel” of the Italian boot.
Expanded into Asia, Europe
Besieged Vienna, 1529
Develops Ottoman naval
power to a greater extent than
of realm Twelver Shiism
the Prophet Muhammad
The murder and beheading of Muhammad’s grandson, Husayn ibn ‘Alī, in 680 at Karbala, and the disappearance of a six-year-old imam became the founding legends of Shiism.
Zahir al-Din Muhammad
(Babur the Tiger), a
Chaghatai Turk, invades
northern India for plunder
Gunpowder technology gives Babur advantage
Founds Mughal (Persian for Mongol) dynasty
Expands through most of Indian subcontinent
Adham Khan, leader of the army, out of
the window twice (second time just to
make sure he was dead)