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Keeping Livestock Healthy. Joy Jones, Tillamook County 4-H & Agriculture Agent Oregon State University Extension Service. Keeping Livestock Healthy. Prepare for your animal before you get one Learn about the animal. Prepare a place for it. Shelter Fencing Plan on how you will care for it.

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Keeping Livestock Healthy

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Keeping Livestock Healthy

Joy Jones, Tillamook County 4-H & Agriculture Agent

Oregon State University Extension Service


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Keeping Livestock Healthy

  • Prepare for your animal before you get one

    • Learn about the animal.

    • Prepare a place for it.

      • Shelter

      • Fencing

    • Plan on how you will care for it.

      • Feed

      • Water

      • Hauling

      • Handling them if they are wild or

        when they need vet care.


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Keeping Livestock Healthy

  • Provide a safe facility

    • Look for hazards.

    • Make sure it is in good repair.

    • Provide shelter.


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Keeping Livestock Healthy

  • Select Healthy Animals

    • Learn about the kind of animal you are buying before purchasing it.

      • Know what problems to look for

        • For example: Sheep – foot rot

        • Don’t bring problems home


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Keeping Livestock Healthy

  • Haul your animals safely

    • Provide protection from the elements.

      • Sun

      • Wind

      • Rain


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Keeping Livestock Healthy

  • Isolate new animals to prevent spreading diseases to your other animals.

    • Watch for signs of disease

      • Coughing

      • Nasal discharge

      • Diarrhea

      • Rapid breathing, panting


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Keeping Livestock Healthy

  • Isolate new animals for at least 2 weeks.

    • Watch for fighting when you do add a new animal to a group.

      • Can be a serious problem with pigs

        • They can become overheated

        • May be injured


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Keeping Livestock Healthy

  • Do not change the animal’s diet rapidly.

    • Find out what your animal has been eating.

    • Give it similar feed while it adjusts to its’ new home.

    • Do not change

      amounts quickly.

    • Provide clean water.


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Keeping Livestock Healthy

  • Vaccinate your animals

    • Learn what diseases are common in your area.

    • Check with the producer to see what vaccinations your animal has received.

      • Administer booster shots as needed.


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Keeping Livestock Healthy

  • Monitor your animal’s health

    • Know what signs and symptoms to look for.

      • Example: “shipping fever” or pneumonia


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Keeping Livestock Healthy

  • Monitor your animal’s health

    • Develop a routine for checking your animal

      • If your animal doesn’t come for feed,

        don’t ignore it… check on it!

      • If your animal acts unusual,

        don’t ignore it… check on it!


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Keeping Livestock Healthy

  • Look at your animal!

    • Check their feed and water regularly.

    • Don’t wait till “Saturday” to do something about a potential problem.

      • It might be too late!


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Keeping Livestock Healthy

  • Be prepared

    • Learn what your animal’s normal temperature should be.

    • Have a rectal thermometer and know how it should be used.

    • Know who you will contact if your animal is really sick.


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Keeping Livestock Healthy

  • Veterinary Practices Law

    • In Oregon it is illegal for someone other than a licensed veterinarian to diagnose and treat another person’s animal.

      • This includes 4-H Leaders and friends.

      • It is punishable with a fine.

    • Individual’s may diagnose and treat their own animals.


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Keeping Livestock Healthy

  • When treatment is necessary:

    • Administer it as directed

      • Use correct method

        • Example: sub-cutaneous or intramuscular injection

      • Follow the timeline

        • Example: administer every 48 hours


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Keeping Livestock Healthy

  • When treatment is necessary:

    • Administer it as directed

      • Use the product only as directed

        • By your veterinarian

        • According to the label instructions

        • Avoid “Meat Animal Drug.

          Withdrawal” violations.

        • Avoid show rule violations.


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Keeping Livestock Healthy

  • Develop a parasite prevention plan

    • Learn what parasites are problems for your area and type of animal.

    • Monitor for parasites.

      • Example: take fecal samples

    • Develop a schedule

      • Observe “Meat Animal

        Drug Withdrawal”

        periods.


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Keeping Livestock Healthy

  • Preventing diseases is better than treating them

    • Generally less costly

    • And more successful

      • Animals that are sick tend to go “off feed” and don’t gain weight.

      • Some never completely

        recover.

      • Some die!


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Keeping Livestock Healthy

  • Tame your animal

    • Calm animals are healthier.

      • Reduce stress

      • Reduce disease


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Keeping Livestock Healthy

  • Tame your animal

    • Hand feeding may be a better choice than using an automatic feeder.

    • Halter break animals early.

    • Brush or scratch them often.


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Keeping Livestock Healthy

  • Keep facilities clean

    • Clean water

      • Help prevent coccidiosis – keep feces out of water.

    • Clean feed

      • Help prevent worms.

    • Clean pen

      • Help reduce pathogens.

    • Clean air

      • Help reduce respiratory infections.


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Keeping Livestock Healthy

  • Be prepared.

  • Prevent problems before they happen.

  • Be vigilant – watch your animal.

  • Act quickly – seek help when needed.

  • Follow through on prescribed treatments.


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Keeping Your 4-H Market Animals Healthy

Available at:

http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog/4h/4-h140.pdf


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