Message in a bottle broadening views about reuse
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Message in a Bottle: Broadening Views About Reuse. Geoffrey D. Glenn, Danielle L. Mecham City of Spokane Regional Waste System . Recycling. City of Spokane curbside collections 65,000+ residential customers Follow daily refuse collections Regional Recycling Facilities

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Message in a bottle broadening views about reuse

Message in a Bottle: Broadening Views About Reuse

Geoffrey D. Glenn, Danielle L. Mecham

City of Spokane

Regional Waste System


Recycling

Recycling

  • City of Spokane curbside collections

    • 65,000+ residential customers

    • Follow daily refuse collections

  • Regional Recycling Facilities

    • 3 fixed facilities

    • Serves Spokane County population

    • Self-service


Glass collection

Glass Collection

  • Average City curbside collections

    • 4,100 tons yearly

  • Average Regional Transfer Station collection

    • 458 tons yearly


Glass collection1

Glass Collection


Glass as a problem

Glass as a Problem

  • Changing markets

    • 2008

  • Processing/Disposition

    • Costs for processing

    • Limited alternatives

    • Recycling and disposal


Response

Response

  • Transported to local facility

  • Aggregate

  • Additional alternatives

    • Recycling

    • Re-use

    • Pilots


Glass production

Glass Production

  • Material tested:

    • Aggregate in road construction (~15%)

    • Identified other uses

  • Aggregate

    • 2009

      • 3,000 tons aggregate (5/8 minus screened glass)

    • 2011

      • 2,500 tons aggregate (5/8 minus screened glass)

      • 500 ton mulch (5/8 minus to 3/8 minus)


Alternatives

Alternatives

  • Alternatives

    • Dry Well Medium

    • Pipe Bedding

    • Fishery/Hatchery

    • Traction Sand

    • Decorative Sand

    • Landscaping Amendment

    • Concrete Additive

    • Fireplace Glass


Alternatives1

Alternatives

  • Viable options

    • Landscape mulch

    • Fishtank bedding

    • Traction sand

  • Prohibitive

    • Costs

    • Interest

    • Production

    • Inputs


Issues

Issues

  • Culture

  • Engineer

  • Cost to amend existing base

  • Production prohibitive


Projects

Projects

  • Xeriscape Display Garden

  • On Track Academy


Problem area waste to energy

Problem Area – Waste to Energy

  • Area adjacent to HHW

    • Safety

    • Fire code

  • Maintenance costs

  • Water conservation

  • Aesthetics

  • Customer perception


Wsu xeriscape project

WSU Xeriscape Project

  • Regional System glass pilot

    • Review technologies and methods

    • Safety issues

    • Problematic area

  • Washington State University Landscape Architecture Program

    • Landscape Architecture Interns


Wsu xeriscape project1

WSU Xeriscape Project


Xeriscape ideology

Xeriscape Ideology

  • Term coined in Colorado

  • Focuses on native plants

  • Dry regions

  • Water conservation

  • Use of recycled materials

  • Growing in popularity


Xeriscape ideology1

Xeriscape Ideology

  • Native plants used

    • Adapted for region

    • Requires less maintenance and water


Xeriscape ideology2

Xeriscape Ideology

  • Use of recycled materials

    • Glass

    • Shower doors

    • Concrete sidewalk & curbing

    • Brick

    • Man hole ring

  • Lower environmental impact

    • Extended life span

    • Diversion


Design themes

Design Themes

  • Glass

    • End of life cycle

    • Sustainability

    • Problem becomes solution


On track academy

On Track Academy

  • Alternative high school

    • Novel approaches to learning

    • Elective enrollment

  • Edible Schoolyard project

    • Environmental studies class

    • Student run

    • Goal: Farm-to-Table aims


On track academy1

On Track Academy

  • Need for glass

    • Garden space filler

    • Seeking local alternatives

  • Community involvement

    • Student tour and Q&A

    • Provide resources and expertise


On track academy2

On Track Academy


Project successes

Project Successes

  • Community involvement

  • City government

  • University students and graduates

  • At-risk students

  • Local artists

  • Local contractors

  • Innovation

  • Re-use of materials


Where do we go from here

Where Do We Go From Here?

  • Good press

    • Educating the public

  • Established contracts with vendors

    • e-Cullet

  • Feed stock for local mulch production

    • Potential for use in highly visual city locations

  • Local interest

    • Aggregate producers, architects, and landscapers


Thank you

Thank you!


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