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12 February 2013 Dr Mafu S Rakometsi. Portfolio Committee on Basic Education Report on the Quality Assurance of the NSC. WHAT CAN WE LEARN FROM THE NSC RESULTS? Introduction to context, principles, approaches and processes Dr Mafu Rakometsi - CEO of Umalusi. Regulatory Framework

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12 february 2013 dr mafu s rakometsi

12 February 2013

Dr Mafu S Rakometsi

Portfolio Committee on Basic EducationReport on the Quality Assurance of the NSC


Portfolio committee on basic education report on the quality assurance of the nsc

WHAT CAN WE LEARN FROM THE NSC RESULTS?

Introduction to context, principles, approaches and processes

Dr Mafu Rakometsi - CEO of Umalusi


Portfolio committee on basic education report on the quality assurance of the nsc

  • Regulatory Framework

  • Quality Assurance of Assessment

  • NQF Act Section 27 (h)

  • The QC must develop and implement policy and criteria for assessment for the qualifications on its sub-framework.


Portfolio committee on basic education report on the quality assurance of the nsc

  • Section17 of the GENFETQA Act

  • (5) The Council must, with the concurrence of the Director-General and

  • after consultation with the relevant assessment body or education

  • institution, approve the publication of the results of learners if the

  • Council is satisfied that the assessment body or education institution

  • has—

  • (i) conducted the assessment free from any irregularity that may

  • jeopardise the integrity of the assessment or its outcomes;

  • (ii) complied with the requirements prescribed by the Council for

  • conducting assessments;

  • (iii) applied the standards prescribed by the Council which a learner is

  • required to comply with in order to obtain a certificate; and

  • (iv) complied with every other condition determined by the Council.


Portfolio committee on basic education report on the quality assurance of the nsc

  • Framework for QA of Learner Achievement

  • Based on established and existing practices in assessment for certification

  • Prescribed components of External assessment (examinations) and Site based/ internal / continuous assessment

  • Use of systems, processes, and procedures to evaluate, inspect, monitor and report on examination systems, processes and procedures of public and private assessment bodies.


Portfolio committee on basic education report on the quality assurance of the nsc

  • Framework for Quality Assurance of Assessment

  • Evaluation and /or accreditation of assessment bodies

  • Periodic inspection of assessment systems

  • Ongoing monitoring of assessment systems

  • Quality assurance of external examinations through:

  • Moderation of examination question papers

  • Monitoring and moderation of SBA

  • Monitoring the conduct of examinations

  • Moderation of marking

  • Standardization of assessment outcomes


Portfolio committee on basic education report on the quality assurance of the nsc

  • Approval for the release of Results

    • Approval is based on the following requirements:

  • The examinations are conducted compliant to the applicable policies regulating the conduct and administration of the examinations

  • At the time of approval, there is no serious irregularity which could undermine the credibility of the examinations.


Portfolio committee on basic education report on the quality assurance of the nsc

Quality Assurance of the DBE 2012 National Senior Certificate Examination

Vijayen Naidoo – Sen. Manager : Quality Assurance of Assessments


Portfolio committee on basic education report on the quality assurance of the nsc

PURPOSE

  • To ensure that the question papers are of the required standard

    (standard captured in the NCS and SAG’s)

  • To ensure that the question papers are relatively:

    - fair

    - reliable

    - representative of an adequate sample of the curriculum

    - representative of relevant conceptual domains

    - representative of relevant levels of cognitive challenge

  • External moderators

Moderation of question papers


Moderation of the question papers

Moderation of the question papers

Approach

  • Question papers set by panel of examiners – DBE

  • Internally moderated by DBE

  • Externally moderated by Umalusi

  • Subsequent moderations and approval.


Moderation of question papers

Moderation of Question papers

Number of NSC 2012 question papers moderate


Moderation of the question papers1

Moderation of the question papers

Criteria

  • Technical Criteria

  • Internal moderation – quality of internal moderator reports.

  • Content coverage

  • Cognitive Demand

  • Marking Guidelines

  • Language and Bias

  • Adherence to Policies and guidelines

  • Predictability


Moderation of the question papers2

Moderation of the question papers

Findings: Areas of Good Practice

  • Percentage of question papers and memoranda approved after first and second moderation ( Nov 2012- 79,6% ; Mar 13 – 72,3%)

  • Simultaneous moderation of final and supplementary question papers.

  • Standard of Internal moderation


Moderation of the question papers3

Moderation of the question papers

Findings: Areas of Concern

  • Adherence to timeframes and impact on quality of setting and moderation.

  • Question papers requiring more than four moderations.

  • Role of the external moderator.


Portfolio committee on basic education report on the quality assurance of the nsc

  • Internal assessment refers to any assessment conducted by the provider, the outcomes of which count towards the achievement of the qualification

  • panels of moderators / subject specialists

  • Moderation of internal /continuous assessment


Portfolio committee on basic education report on the quality assurance of the nsc

Purpose of Umalusi’s verification:

  • To verify the rigour and appropriateness of the DBE moderation process – linked to DBE plans

  • Ascertain the degree to which assessment bodies/provinces are attempting to ensure standardisation across

  • Ascertain the standard and quality of the tasks

  • Determine the extent and quality of internal moderation and feedback.

  • Determine the reliability and validity of the assessment outcomes

Moderation of internal assessment (cont.)


Portfolio committee on basic education report on the quality assurance of the nsc

  • Moderation of Internal Assessment

  • Phase 1 (June/July 2012)- focus on assessment instruments (teacher files)


Portfolio committee on basic education report on the quality assurance of the nsc

  • Moderation of Internal Assessment

  • Phase 1: Findings

  • Quality and Standard of Assessed tasks

    • Content Coverage – mostly appropriate

    • Cognitive demand and difficulty levels –standards variable mainly at lower cognitive levels,

    • Over reliance on previous question papers.

    • Projects and practical investigations- not cognitively balanced, more theory than practice.

    • Marking tools – not applied consistently

    • Teachers subject knowledge often inadequate

    • Physical Education Task (PET) inappropriately assessed.


Portfolio committee on basic education report on the quality assurance of the nsc

  • Moderation of Internal Assessment

  • Phase 1: Findings

    • Internal Moderation

    • Moderation instruments – compliance vs. quality

    • School moderation – seriously neglected

    • Monitoring vs. Moderation

    • Feedback and Support – general support by subject advisors. Very little developmental feedback.


Portfolio committee on basic education report on the quality assurance of the nsc

  • Moderation of Internal Assessment

  • Phase 1: Areas of Good Practice

  • Use of Common Tasks

    • Diagnostic Analysis to improve performance

    • Compliance with Internal Assessment protocols.


Portfolio committee on basic education report on the quality assurance of the nsc

  • Moderation of Internal Assessment

  • Phase 2 (October/November 2012)- focus on learner evidence and teacher files.


Portfolio committee on basic education report on the quality assurance of the nsc

  • Moderation of Internal Assessment

  • Phase 2: Findings

  • Quality and Standard of Moderation

    • Brief unclear – focus on marking only and not on quality of task.

    • Shadow marking vs. moderation

    • Marking of the Tasks

    • Marking tools – not applied consistently

    • Teachers subject knowledge often inadequate

    • Challenges with marking extended writing and research projects.

    • Marking too lenient


Portfolio committee on basic education report on the quality assurance of the nsc

  • Moderation of Internal Assessment

  • Phase 2: Findings

  • Learner performance

  • Difficulty with higher-order questions

  • Ability to express/respond in English a determining factor

  • Extremely poor performance in certain subjects e.g. Maths, LO Common Assessment Task,

  • Evidence suggests that very little effective teaching and learning is taking place


Portfolio committee on basic education report on the quality assurance of the nsc

  • Moderation of Internal Assessment

  • Phase 2: Findings

    • Internal Moderation at School, Cluster and District Levels.

    • Varying quality of Moderation

    • Limited moderation of candidates work – shadow marking

    • Little evidence of moderation of tasks.

    • Lack of mark sheets or incorrect recording of marks.


Portfolio committee on basic education report on the quality assurance of the nsc

  • Moderation of Internal Assessment

  • Phase 2: Areas of Good Practice

  • Use of Common Tasks

    • Diagnostic Analysis to improve performance

    • Compliance with Internal Assessment protocols.

    • Evidence of moderation at the various levels.

    • Introduction of National Moderation


Portfolio committee on basic education report on the quality assurance of the nsc

  • Monitoring of Examinations

  • State of readiness

  • Conduct of examinations

  • Marking


Portfolio committee on basic education report on the quality assurance of the nsc

  • Monitoring of Examinations

  • State of readiness

  • Findings

  • All provinces have examination systems in place

  • Vacant posts and use of contract staff is a major concern.


Monitoring of the writing phase

Monitoring of the writing phase.

Findings

  • General Management of the examinations

  • Generally examinations conducted in line with policy

  • Isolated instances of non-compliance (suitability of venue, noise, security, contingency plans)

  • Shortage of question papers and answer books

  • Provincial Monitoring


Monitoring of the marking phase

Monitoring of the marking phase


Monitoring of the marking phase1

Monitoring of the marking phase

Findings

  • In general marking processes in line with policy

  • Concern with lack of security at some marking centres

  • Concern with the appointment and training of markers

  • Concern with the quality and standard of marking and internal moderation.

  • Number of marking centres – security risk


Portfolio committee on basic education report on the quality assurance of the nsc

PURPOSE

  • Moderation of marking determines the standard and quality of marking and ensures that marking is conducted in accordance with agreed practices

  • Umalusi engages the following during the moderation of marking

    1. Pre-marking/memorandum discussion: centralised memo discussions recommended - this will ensure consistency across marking centres

    2. Moderation of marking (off-site and on-site)

Verification of marking


Portfolio committee on basic education report on the quality assurance of the nsc

Verification of marking

  • Memoranda discussion meetings

    • Approved and signed off finalized memoranda/ marking guidelines for all the NSC subjects

    • Concern with non attendance and pre- memo discussion preparations

    • Concern with timing and scheduling of memo discussions.

    • Practice of marking and training in the memo discussions impacts positively on standard of marking.


Verification of marking

Verification of marking

Findings

Findings

  • Adherence to Marking memo

  • Marking generally accurate – problem with marking extended writing and essays


Verification of marking1

Verification of marking

  • Quality of marking varied. Question marking improved consistency.

  • Competency of markers to mark interpretation type questions.

  • Internal moderation

  • No unauthorised changes to marking guidelines reported

  • Training of chief markers and internal moderators at memo discussions having a positive impact on marking.


Portfolio committee on basic education report on the quality assurance of the nsc

  • Standardisation and Verification of Resulting

  • Provision of GENFETQA – Council may adjust raw marks.

  • International practice – large scale assessment systems

  • Standardisation – process used to mitigate the effect of factors other than learners knowledge and aptitude on the learners performance.

  • Sources of variability – difficulty in question paper, undetected errors, learner interpretation of questions


Statistical moderation

Statistical moderation

Standardisation

  • 58 subjects standardised

  • Raw marks accepted: 41 subjects

  • Moderated Upward : 5 subjects

  • Moderated Downward : 12 subjects


Portfolio committee on basic education report on the quality assurance of the nsc

  • Verification of the Resulting Process


Examination irregularities

Examination Irregularities

  • The majority of irregularities were of a technical nature and these were reported to Umalusi according to the established channels.

  • Some irregularities were as a result of registration-related problems, e.g. candidates nor appearing on mark sheets, some registered for incorrect subjects.

  • Umalusi represented on NEIC

    Major irregularities:

  • Alleged leakage of Question Papers in KZN


What can we learn from the nsc results standardisation decisions dbe nsc 2012

WHAT CAN WE LEARN FROM THE NSC RESULTS?

STANDARDISATION DECISIONS

DBE NSC 2012


Portfolio committee on basic education report on the quality assurance of the nsc

Quality Assurance of the IEB 2012 National Senior Certificate Examination

Vijayen Naidoo – Sen. Manager : Quality Assurance of Assessments


Moderation of question papers1

Moderation of Question papers

Number of IEB NSC 2012 question papers moderated


Moderation of the question papers4

Moderation of the question papers

Findings: Areas of Good Practice

  • Percentage of question papers and memoranda approved after first and second moderation ( Nov 2012- 94.1% )

  • Standard of Internal moderation


Portfolio committee on basic education report on the quality assurance of the nsc

  • Moderation of Internal Assessment

  • Phase 2 (November 2012)- focus on learner evidence and teacher files.


Portfolio committee on basic education report on the quality assurance of the nsc

  • Moderation of Internal Assessment

  • Findings: Areas of Good Practice

  • Regional and national moderation is in place and well executed

    • The marking of tasks of a highly acceptable standard

  • Findings: Areas of Concern

  • Feedback to the learners

  • Assessment of Physical Education Tasks in LO – distance education learners


  • Monitoring of the writing phase1

    Monitoring of the writing phase.

    Findings

    • General Management of the examinations

    • Generally examinations conducted in line with policy

    • Isolated instances of non-compliance (candidate identification)

    • Lack of Irregularity Registers

    • Assessment Body Monitoring


    Verification of marking2

    Verification of marking

    8 Subjects

    Findings

    • marking and moderation of scripts is extremely thorough

    • Marking generally accurate

    • practice of double marking is highly commendable

    • Moderation doesn’t always involve full moderation of a script


    Statistical moderation1

    Statistical moderation

    Standardisation

    • 58 subjects standardised

    • Raw marks accepted: 44 subjects

    • Moderated Upward : 9 subjects

    • Moderated Downward : 4 subjects


    What can we learn from the nsc results standardisation decisions ieb nsc 2012

    WHAT CAN WE LEARN FROM THE NSC RESULTS?

    STANDARDISATION DECISIONS

    IEB NSC 2012


    Annexure to approval letter to dbe

    Annexure to Approval Letter to DBE

    Specific concerns regarding the quality assurance of the NSC examination and assessment:

    • Non-adherence to timeframes for the submission of question papers must be addressed. It is important to note that for the credibility of the NSC examination it is vitally important that every effort is made to adhere to agreed deadlines for setting and moderation of question papers. Any delays affect Umalusi in its quality assurance exercise.

    • In addition to what is said above, every effort should be made to set question papers of an appropriate quality and standard so that they can be ideally approved at first moderation.


    Portfolio committee on basic education report on the quality assurance of the nsc

    • Low levels of performance in key subjects. This issue need to be looked into and addressed so as not to compromise the standard of the NSC.

    • Umalusi is concerned with the problem in Life Orientation with awarding of marks at the 80% level where there is clear evidence of tampering with the marks. The DBE is urged to send a strong message of warning to the provinces indicating that should this problem persist in the future all learners at the 80% mark will be adjusted downward.


    Portfolio committee on basic education report on the quality assurance of the nsc

    • The quality of School-Based Assessment (SBA) continues to be a concern. There may be several plausible reasons for this poor quality of SBA, but it is clear that there is too little control over work that is done.

    • It is evident from our reports that progress has been made over the years with regard to the standard of marking. There is however room for improvement in the selection and training of markers, chief markers, senior markers and internal moderators. Competency tests will go a long way in the identification of competent markers.


    Conclusion

    Conclusion

    • The findings of the quality assurance processes are a clear indication of a maturing system that has, on the one hand, made positive strides towards improvement in certain areas of assessment and examination, but, on the other hand, still has a few challenges that need to be addressed.

    • The quality assurance of each of these processes presented above was conducted based on Umalusi criteria. Umalusi uses criteria that are subjected to constant review and refinement, to ensure that they are in line with current trends in assessment and examinations.


    Conclusion1

    Conclusion…

    • In general Umalusi is pleased with the manner in which the 2012 NSC examination was administered.

    • Umalusi acknowledges that a number of technical irregularities were reported, but these were addressed in a fitting manner.

    • Umalusi takes this opportunity to express appreciation to the national & provincial departments of education for their concerted effort in ensuring a credible examination.

    • Umalusi expresses appreciation also to all the relevant stakeholders for the necessary support given in line with Umalusi quality assurance initiatives.


    Portfolio committee on basic education report on the quality assurance of the nsc

    Thank you!


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