Unite d habitation
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Unite d’Habitation. General Info. Architect: Le Corbusier Location: Marseilles, France Building Type: Multifamily housing Construction System: Concrete Style: Modern Date: 1945-52 18 stories 337 apartments For 1,600 people Still in service. Why was it built?.

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Unite d’Habitation

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Unite d habitation

Unite d’Habitation


General info

General Info

  • Architect: Le Corbusier

  • Location: Marseilles, France

  • Building Type: Multifamily housing

  • Construction System: Concrete

  • Style: Modern

  • Date: 1945-52

  • 18 stories

  • 337 apartments

  • For 1,600 people

  • Still in service


Why was it built

Why was it built?

  • It was built to alleviate a severe postwar housing shortage.

  • Inspired by socialist ideals.

  • Le Corbusier chose the ocean liner, which housed, fed, and entertained thousands of passengers in a very restricted space to help him create Unite d’Habitation.

  • His goal was a total environment, enhanced with all the amenities of civilization, so one would never need to leave.


Exterior

Exterior

  • The Unite block is set in a landscaped park and raised on pilotis.

  • The apartments are designed to have frontage on both east and west side.

  • Balconies have deep overhangs for sun protection and surfaces are painted different colors to enliven the bleak mass of concrete.

  • The concrete is rough, marked with knots and grain of its wood forms.

  • The strong pilotis create circulation space beneath.

  • The roof, offers space for recreation and relaxation in its gymnasium, 300m track, outdoor stage, and children’s play area.

  • Single and double story balconies.


Exterior1

Exterior


Exterior2

Exterior


Exterior3

Exterior


Interior

Interior

  • 15 floors are residential.

  • Floor 7 and 8 are communal levels where you find commercial services to provide daily needs such as shopping, laundry, catering, medical offices, and hotel rooms for guests.

  • The units are offset in this pattern, forming a series of vertical interlocking “L” shapes.

  • The apartments are very narrow, particularly when they are divided into hall like bedrooms.

  • Corridors are where you find less quality, they are dark, and the only light sources are the lights above every front door.

  • The corridors run through the center of the building every third floor.


Interior1

Interior


Unite d habitation

“A machine for living in.”

-Le Corbusier

The End

Jose Valdez

Arch 71 Architecture History 2 (Renaissance-21st century)

College of the Sequoias

Division of Industry and Technology

Instructor: Rolando L. Gonzalez M. Arch. Architect, A.I.A.

Spring 2005


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