determines project success.
Political and social pressure:
Lack of effective communication and cultural awareness:
This is particularly true when reconstruction is to be executed in
collaboration with international organisations that have limited understanding of the local culture.
Gender imbalance in community participation:
Post-disaster reconstruction projects are often designed poorly due to the lack of absolute understanding of the local culture and needs. Community participation is usually misconceived as being the main reason for delays in project delivery, and as such, hasty decisions without local participation frequently result in houses that are neither socio-culturally appropriate nor supportive of livelihood.