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Introduction. Essential Question #2. How do visibility, accessibility and distractibility affect classroom layout?. Group by grade. Facilitator: Shortest in height Recorder: Longest fingers

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Essential question 2
Essential Question #2

  • How do visibility, accessibility and distractibility affect classroom layout?

Group by grade
Group by grade

  • Facilitator: Shortest in height

  • Recorder: Longest fingers

  • Communicator: Birthday closest to today

  • Cheerleader: Loudest voice

For each of the 5 functions of the classroom
For each of the 5 functions of the classroom…

  • Discuss in your small group.

  • Remember your roles.

  • I will ask a group to share their responses on Doc Cam, so write down your brainstormed list.

Physical environment
Physical Environment

The six functions of the classroom setting:

  • Security and shelter

  • Social contact

  • Symbolic identification

  • Task instrumentality

  • Pleasure

  • Growth

1 security and shelter
#1 Security and Shelter

  • How do you make your classroom inviting?

  • How do you make it accessible to students with disabilities?

  • How do you create “softness” and comfort?

2 social contact
#2 Social Contact

  • When are rows appropriate? Inappropriate?

  • When are clusters of desks appropriate?

  • When are the best times to use Whole Class Discussions? Worst times?

  • Where is the best place for the teacher during instruction?

3 symbolic identification
#3 Symbolic Identification

  • Discuss bulletin boards. How do you plan to use them?

  • How might you use student photos?

  • How might you display student work?

4 task instrumentality
#4 Task Instrumentality

  • How do you make your instruction visible and accessible for all?

  • Where will you store folders, projects, teaching artifacts?

5 pleasure
#5 Pleasure

  • How can you make your room inviting?

  • How can you make your room a fun place to learn?

6 growth
#6 Growth

  • This refers to children’s cognitive development and academic achievement

  • How do you arrange classroom to invite children into the learning experience

  • To explore, observe, investigate, test and discover

Desk arrangement discuss
Desk Arrangement-Discuss

  • What is the ideal way to arrange desks for instruction?

Basic design

Benefits? Problems?

Small groups

Benefits? Problems?

Large Groups:

Benefits? Problems?

Classroom set up guidelines summarizing points of vad
Classroom Set-up Guidelines:Summarizing Points of VAD

  • Visibility –

  • Accessibility

  • Distractibility


  • A lack of equal visibility of instructional areas and displays erodes student motivation and accountability.

  • The teacher must be able to see all students at all times, whether he or she is instructing the whole class, small groups, or individuals.

  • All students must be able to clearly see all instructional areas and displays.


  • Congestion increases the potential for problems.

  • You must be able to move easily to any student, especially those who most frequently need help.

  • You must be able to easily access needed materials.

  • Students must be able to easily access needed materials.


  • Objects, animals, and other students compete with you and academic materials for student attention.

  • Seat students away from obvious distracters – e.g, windows overlooking the campus, pencil sharpener, wastebasket, active animals, computer station, etc.

  • Separate, and seat away from one another, students who often interact inappropriately.

In groups
In groups…

  • Complete the VAD activity.

  • (Give specific instructions here)