Ten writing instructional strategies every teacher should know
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Ten Writing Instructional Strategies Every Teacher Should Know. Douglas Fisher San Diego State University dfisher@mail.sdsu.edu. Language Experience Approach. Students are active language users Teacher transcribes students’ words (whole class, small group, or individual)

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Ten Writing Instructional Strategies Every Teacher Should Know

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Ten Writing Instructional Strategies Every Teacher Should Know

Douglas Fisher

San Diego State University

dfisher@mail.sdsu.edu


Language Experience Approach

  • Students are active language users

  • Teacher transcribes students’

    words (whole class,

    small group, or

    individual)

  • Students extend

    text


Interactive Writing

  • Oral Language

  • Composition &

    Construction

  • “Sharing the pen”

    students write

    in front of their

    peers


Writing Models

  • Offers a pattern or

    form to scaffold

    writing

  • Using existing text

    students insert

    original writing


Generative or “Given Word” Sentences

  • Focus on the craft of writing

  • Lessons to refine

    practice

  • Use student

    examples for

    editing

  • “No excuse”


Word Pyramids

  • Requires students to consider lots of words

  • Explores and expands word knowledge

  • Dictionary use?


Power Writing

  • Brief, timed writing events to improve

    fluency

  • Students chart their

    own progress

  • Extension -

    progressive

    writing


Found Poems

  • Student use existing text

  • Select specific words/phrases

  • Arrange them in free-verse

  • Requires re-reading

    of texts


RAFT Writing

  • Role, Audience, Format,

    and Topic are

    explicitly taught

  • Perspective taking

    is the focus


Writing to Learn

  • What do students know and think?

  • Brief prompts

    • Yesterday’s news – a review of class from the previous day

    • Crystal ball – a prediction of what might come next

    • Best thing I learned – a summary or analysis of the best part of class

    • Exit slip – a written review of the class completed before leaving the room

  • Not process papers


Independent Writing

  • Based on a prompt, students produce original writing

  • Multiple genres

  • Rubrics guide

    students’

    completion

    of the task


Interactions: Writing and the Language Arts

  • Read aloud or shared reading

  • Independent reading

  • Word study (word wall)

  • Collaborative learning

    centers

  • Individual and small

    group instruction


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