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Rio Group Information and Feedback on the Compendium of Good Practices. Zélia Magalhães Bianchini Deputy Director of Surveys e-mail: [email protected] Expert Group Meeting on the Handbook on Poverty Statistics – UNSD, United Nations – New York 28-30 June 2005.

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Rio group information and feedback on the compendium of good practices

Rio Group

Information and Feedback on the Compendium of Good Practices

Zélia Magalhães Bianchini

Deputy Director of Surveys

e-mail: [email protected]

Expert Group Meeting on the Handbook on Poverty Statistics – UNSD, United Nations – New York

28-30 June 2005


Rio group background information

UN Statistical Commission in 1996 approved the recommendation to establish an Expert Group on Poverty Statistics (Rio Group)

Rio Group is chaired by IBGE with ECLAC acting as Executive Secretary   

The meetings were an opportunity for many countries to present and compare their experiences and methodologies in measuring and analyzing the situation of poverty in their different aspects

Rio Group - Background information


Rio group m ost relevant conditions established to accept a measurement as practice

The estimates are the responsibility of a public or private (academic) institution

The estimates are public and available to the media

The estimates are periodic permitting a comparable series

The methodologies used are available for the public

Well-known sources of information are available for the public.

Rio Group - Most relevant conditions established to accept a measurement as practice


Expert group on poverty statistics meetings

First meeting: Santiago, 7-9 May 1997

Second meeting: Rio de Janeiro, 13-15 May 1998

Third meeting: Lisbon, 22-24 November 1999

Fourth meeting: Rio de Janeiro, 15-17 October 2001

Fifth Meeting Rio de Janeiro, 13-15 November, 2002

Sixth Meeting, Rio de Janeiro, 12-14 November 2003

Seventh Meeting, Rio de Janeiro, 6-8 December 2004

Expert Group on Poverty StatisticsMeetings


Expert group on poverty statistics participants

Countries: 22

Argentina, Australia, Belarus, Botswana, Brazil, Canada, Chile, France, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Netherlands, Nigeria, Peru, Portugal, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, Uruguay, United Kingdom, United States of America.

Expert Group on Poverty Statistics Participants


Expert group on poverty statistics

Agenciesand others institutions: 18

Centro Latinoamericano de Demografía (CELADE/ ECLAC)

Economic Commission for Africa (ECA)

Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC)

Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP)

Economic Commission for Europe (ECE)

EUROSTAT

Human Science Research Council

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)

International Labor Organization (ILO)

London School of Economics and Political Science

Expert Group on Poverty Statistics


Expert group on poverty statistics1

Agenciesand others institutions: 18

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Paris 21

Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO)

Townsend Center for International Poverty Research

The World Bank (BIRD)

United Nations Latin American and Caribbean Institute for Economic and Social Planning

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)

United Nations Population Fund (UNPF)

United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD)

Expert Group on Poverty Statistics


Rio group compendium of good practices

Rio Group - Compendium of Good Practices

Summary

Introduction

2. Absolute Poverty

3. NBI / DI - Unsatisfied Basic Needs / Deprivation Indicators

4. Integrated Approach

5. Relative Poverty

6. Subjective Poverty

Conclusions


Rio group compendium of good practices1

Rio Group - Compendium of Good Practices

  • Framework of chapters

  • A. Introduction

  • Concepts and methods

  • B.Standards and resources

  • Standards

  • Resources for meeting standards

    • Sources of information

  • C. Availability of periodic calculations

  • D. Technical characteristics: Similarity and differences among estimates

  • E. Challenges, options and shortcomings


Rio group compendium of good practices introduction

It covers two main distinctive purposes:

it explains the content of the compendium, making clear the Rio Group limitations and its scope of countries coverage

it presents a conceptual and historical approach of poverty

Rio Group - Compendium of Good Practices Introduction


Rio group compendium of good practices chapter 2 absolute poverty

In this chapter Canada, USA and ECLAC experiences are well covered

It is necessary to work better the aspects of income and consumption showing the differences between the notion of expenditure and consumption.

As the structure of the chapter should be representative of the majority of international practices, a “box” is being prepared relating the most important experiences.

Rio Group - Compendium of Good Practices Chapter 2 - Absolute Poverty


Rio group information and feedback on the compendium of good practices

This chapter gives a good framework about Basic Needs practices although the experiences are mostly related to Latin American countries.

An international approach will be added.

As a complementary approach, a “box” will be included with some practices based on multi-dimensional indicators such as HDI.

Rio Group - Compendium of Good Practices Chapter 3 - UNB / DI (Unsatisfied Basic Needs / Deprivation Indicators)


Rio group compendium of good practices chapter 4 integrated approach

The draft we have is specific of the British experience (even though it is an official measurement in Ireland)

It will be included details of how income and deprivation indicators are combined to measure poverty by Ireland and UK

The method should be described in more general terms

Some steps of the deprivation index will be more clarified

Others experiences must be added such as Kaztman y Boltvinik as well as the World Bank proposal to measure income integrating the information of surveys and Census

Rio Group - Compendium of Good Practices Chapter 4 - Integrated Approach


Rio group compendium of good practices chapter 5 relative poverty

This chapter describes mainly the EUROSTAT practices

Other practices will be included

Calculations, similarities, differences, options and challenges comments will be more developed

Rio Group - Compendium of Good Practices Chapter 5 - Relative Poverty


Rio group compendium of good practices chapter 6 subjective poverty

The draft of this chapter it been done by ECLAC

It is mostly used as a complementary method to objective and relative measurement

In this sense, this method has a different status in relation to the others, since it is not officially used by any country

Rio Group - Compendium of Good Practices Chapter 6 - Subjective Poverty


Rio group compendium of good practices conclusions

There will be 2 or 3 parts.

The idea is to establish a connection between methods and policies and international comparisons.

ECLAC is in charge of the strategies of information.

Rio Group - Compendium of Good Practices Conclusions


Rio group compendium of good practices next steps

Preliminary version - July / August 2005

Comments by experts - September 2005

Revision by IBGE and ECLAC - October 2005

Editing - November 2005

Rio Group - Compendium of Good Practices Next Steps


Expert group on poverty statistics background documents 7 meetings

IBGE

http://www.ibge.gov.br/poverty

UNSD - http://unstats.un.org/unsd/methods/citygroup/rio.htm

Expert Group on Poverty StatisticsBackground documents (7 meetings)


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