Rio Group Information and Feedback on the Compendium of Good Practices. Zélia Magalhães Bianchini Deputy Director of Surveys e-mail: [email protected] Expert Group Meeting on the Handbook on Poverty Statistics – UNSD, United Nations – New York 28-30 June 2005.
Information and Feedback on the Compendium of Good Practices
Zélia Magalhães Bianchini
Deputy Director of Surveys
e-mail: [email protected]
Expert Group Meeting on the Handbook on Poverty Statistics – UNSD, United Nations – New York
28-30 June 2005
UN Statistical Commission in 1996 approved the recommendation to establish an Expert Group on Poverty Statistics (Rio Group)
Rio Group is chaired by IBGE with ECLAC acting as Executive Secretary
The meetings were an opportunity for many countries to present and compare their experiences and methodologies in measuring and analyzing the situation of poverty in their different aspects
The estimates are the responsibility of a public or private (academic) institution
The estimates are public and available to the media
The estimates are periodic permitting a comparable series
The methodologies used are available for the public
Well-known sources of information are available for the public.
First meeting: Santiago, 7-9 May 1997
Second meeting: Rio de Janeiro, 13-15 May 1998
Third meeting: Lisbon, 22-24 November 1999
Fourth meeting: Rio de Janeiro, 15-17 October 2001
Fifth Meeting Rio de Janeiro, 13-15 November, 2002
Sixth Meeting, Rio de Janeiro, 12-14 November 2003
Seventh Meeting, Rio de Janeiro, 6-8 December 2004
Argentina, Australia, Belarus, Botswana, Brazil, Canada, Chile, France, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Netherlands, Nigeria, Peru, Portugal, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, Uruguay, United Kingdom, United States of America.
Agenciesand others institutions: 18
Centro Latinoamericano de Demografía (CELADE/ ECLAC)
Economic Commission for Africa (ECA)
Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC)
Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP)
Economic Commission for Europe (ECE)
Human Science Research Council
Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)
International Labor Organization (ILO)
London School of Economics and Political Science
Agenciesand others institutions: 18
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Paris 21
Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO)
Townsend Center for International Poverty Research
The World Bank (BIRD)
United Nations Latin American and Caribbean Institute for Economic and Social Planning
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
United Nations Population Fund (UNPF)
United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD)
2. Absolute Poverty
3. NBI / DI - Unsatisfied Basic Needs / Deprivation Indicators
4. Integrated Approach
5. Relative Poverty
6. Subjective Poverty
It covers two main distinctive purposes:
it explains the content of the compendium, making clear the Rio Group limitations and its scope of countries coverage
it presents a conceptual and historical approach of poverty
In this chapter Canada, USA and ECLAC experiences are well covered
It is necessary to work better the aspects of income and consumption showing the differences between the notion of expenditure and consumption.
As the structure of the chapter should be representative of the majority of international practices, a “box” is being prepared relating the most important experiences.
This chapter gives a good framework about Basic Needs practices although the experiences are mostly related to Latin American countries.
An international approach will be added.
As a complementary approach, a “box” will be included with some practices based on multi-dimensional indicators such as HDI.
The draft we have is specific of the British experience (even though it is an official measurement in Ireland)
It will be included details of how income and deprivation indicators are combined to measure poverty by Ireland and UK
The method should be described in more general terms
Some steps of the deprivation index will be more clarified
Others experiences must be added such as Kaztman y Boltvinik as well as the World Bank proposal to measure income integrating the information of surveys and Census
This chapter describes mainly the EUROSTAT practices
Other practices will be included
Calculations, similarities, differences, options and challenges comments will be more developed
The draft of this chapter it been done by ECLAC
It is mostly used as a complementary method to objective and relative measurement
In this sense, this method has a different status in relation to the others, since it is not officially used by any country
There will be 2 or 3 parts.
The idea is to establish a connection between methods and policies and international comparisons.
ECLAC is in charge of the strategies of information.
Preliminary version - July / August 2005
Comments by experts - September 2005
Revision by IBGE and ECLAC - October 2005
Editing - November 2005
UNSD - http://unstats.un.org/unsd/methods/citygroup/rio.htm