Strains and sprains
Download
1 / 19

Strains And Sprains - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 397 Views
  • Uploaded on

Strains And Sprains. Oh My Aching …. Definitions. Sprain: A sprain is a stretch in a ligament, the tough tissue band that connects the bones of a joint. Strain: A strain is a tear or stretch in a muscle or a tendon, the chord-like tissue that connects muscles to bones or other muscles.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Strains And Sprains' - clarke


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Strains and sprains

Strains And Sprains

Oh My Aching ….


Definitions
Definitions

  • Sprain: A sprain is a stretch in a ligament, the tough tissue band that connects the bones of a joint.

  • Strain: A strain is a tear or stretch in a muscle or a tendon, the chord-like tissue that connects muscles to bones or other muscles.


Sprains
Sprains

  • Sprains: Are common to the ankles, knees, wrists, and fingers. Sprains can sometimes be difficult to tell from fractures and dislocations. In most cases, there is swelling and discoloration, with persons complaining of pain when moved.


Strains
Strains

  • Strains: Are common in the neck, back, thigh, and calf areas. The only sign of a strain may be pain. This will sometimes give us an impression that treatment is not necessary. Strains can, however, reveal moderate swelling and difficulty in movement.


Know the risks
Know The Risks

  • Most workplace sprains and strains affect the back, arms, and shoulders; and occur because of poor material-handling techniques. Trying to pull or lift heavy or awkward objects by yourself, or lifting an object while twisting from the waist are just a couple of examples.


Know the risks cont
Know The Risks Cont…

  • Remember to bend at the knees not the back, carry loads close to your body, and don’t twist. Be sure your equipment works and is in good operational order, don’t bend or reach upward unnecessarily, watch where you walk, and stretch during the shift to warm your muscles.


Chronic strain
Chronic Strain

  • A condition known as “Chronic strain” is due to an unchanging work position which can weaken your back, arms, and shoulders. When chronic strain continues; muscles become less able to withstand strenuous activity and are more prone to injury.


Causes
Causes

  • Repetitive motion: Performing the same motion every few seconds or on a continuous basis for hours at a time.

  • Awkward posture: Whether standing or sitting, there is a neutral position for the back, neck, arms and hands.


Causes cont
Causes Cont…

  • Lack of recovery time: Period where there is limited rest from assigned duties and increased risk of injury.

  • Contact Stress: Comes from applying pressure against a particular part of the body resulting in strains or sprains.


Causes cont1
Causes Cont…

  • Vibration: Exposure can affect particular parts of the body, such as the hands; when using power tools or jackhammers.


Problems back and shoulder
Problems: Back And Shoulder

  • Lower back: Pain in the lower back, or lumbar region, is the most common work-related back problem. Lower back pain is a result of a variety of injuries. Lifting, pulling, bending, and twisting are all factors that can cause back pain from sprain and strain.


Problems back and shoulder cont
Problems: Back And Shoulder Cont…

  • Shoulder (Rotator Cuff) : Pain and restricted motion in the shoulder caused from sprains and strains, can eventually lead to arthritic problems and pain. Strains and sprains can also be a result of repetition, overhead work, or working with your arms in a “swinging motion”.


Recovery
Recovery

  • Most sprains and strains will heal within a few days. If you have a sprain or strain, you may have pain, swelling, and bruising in the affected area. Mild sprains and strains often will require ice, rest, and gentle exercise. If the muscle or ligament is very painful or badly torn, you’ll need to see a doctor.


First aid
First Aid

  • Sprains: Always manage or treat sprains as a fracture. Elevate the injured part, apply cold compresses, and limit movement.

  • Strains: Keep the injured calm and at rest. Limit movement of the injured part, and apply mild heat.


Quiz

  • A sprain is a stretch in a tendon. T or F

  • A strain is a tear or stretch in a muscle or tendon. T or F

  • Sprains can be difficult to tell from fractures. T or F

  • The only sign of a strain is pain. T or F

  • Strains result in excessive swelling. T or F


Quiz cont
Quiz Cont…

6. Most workplace sprains and strains occur because of poor material-handling techniques. T or F

7. Stretching during the shift will help warm your muscles. T or F

8. Chronic Strain is due to changing work positions. T or F


Quiz cont1
Quiz Cont…

9. Repetitive Motion injuries are a result of doing the same thing over and over every few seconds. T or F

10. Power tools or jackhammers can cause damage to the hands and fingers. T or F

11. Pain in the lower back is the most common work-related back problem. T or F


Quiz

12. “Swinging Motion” means to work with your arms. T or F

13. Always elevate a strain. T or F

14. Strains require application of ice. T or F


Quiz answer sheet

F

T

T

T

F

T

T

8. F

9. T

10. T

11. T

12. T

13. F

14. F

Quiz Answer Sheet


ad