Digital manipulation
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Digital Manipulation PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Digital Manipulation. Amanda Franklin Frances Nicholson. What is digital manipulation?. The process of altering the existence of a digital image or video. It can include any level of change. Cropping, color enhancement, removing objects, altering the setting, combining two or more images.

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Digital Manipulation

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Digital Manipulation

Amanda Franklin

Frances Nicholson


What is digital manipulation?

  • The process of altering the existence of a digital image or video.

  • It can include any level of change.

    • Cropping, color enhancement, removing objects, altering the setting, combining two or more images


ARGUMENTS

Digital manipulation is acceptable as long as the content of the image is not altered.

  • The public should be sophisticated enough to realize that digital manipulation is occurring.


Examples of Content Altering Images

British politicians Ed Matts and Ann Widdecombe


The Other Side

  • Photo manipulation has been around almost as long as photography itself.

    • Hippolyte Bayard (1840)

    • Civil War

    • Abraham Lincoln (~1860)

    • Joseph Stalin (1920s)


Joseph Stalin and Propaganda

Joseph Stalin and Nikolai Yezhov, 1940


Famous Examples

John Kerry - Peace Rally, Mineola, NY (June 1971)

Jane Fonda - Political Rally, Miami Beach, FL (August 1972)


  • In 1982 National Geographic used a horizontal photo of the pyramids in Egypt and created a vertical cover from the picture.


  • In 1994 Time Magazine used a picture of O.J. Simpson on the cover of the magazine in which his face had been darkened.


Errors in Digital Manipulation


Video Manipulation

  • Splicing, speeding up

  • Video insertion and deletion


What can be done to solve this problem?

  • Identify which images have been altered

    • Watermark

    • Caption

    • Hologram on IDs


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