DNA
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DNA. Protein Synthesis. RNA. Codon Chart. Everything. 5 pt. 5 pt. 5 pt. 5 pt. 5 pt. 10 pt. 10 pt. 10 pt. 10 pt. 10 pt. 15 pt. 15 pt. 15 pt. 15 pt. 15 pt. 20 pt. 20 pt. 20 pt. 20 pt. 20 pt. 25 pt. 25 pt. 25 pt. 25 pt. 25 pt. The main shape of DNA is …. Double Helix.

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DNA

Protein

Synthesis

RNA

Codon Chart

Everything

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The main shape of DNA is ….


Double Helix


Where in the cell can you find DNA?


Nucleus


What is the complimentary strand of this DNA strand?

ATCGGAT


TAGGCTA


What is the sugar found in DNA?


Deoxyribose


What determines the traits of an organism?


The sequence of the nitrogenous bases.


Where does transcription happen in the cell?


Nucleus


What must happen before DNA replication can take place?


DNA unwinds and the strands are separated


What is the final product from Transcription?


mRNA


What do you end up with in translation?


Protein


Where does translation happen in the cell?


Ribosome


Which process does not involve RNA?


Replication


Which process results in an RNA copy of a DNA strand?


Transcription


What is the sugar found in RNA?


Ribose


What is the name of the nitrogenous base only found in RNA?


Uracil


How many codons are needed to specify 3 amino acids?


3


Amino acids are joined together to make ________________.


Proteins


USE YOUR CODON CHART!

GGA codes for what amino acid?


Glycine


Use your codon chart!

UCG codes for what amino acid?


Serine


Use your codon chart!

GAC codes for what amino acid?


Aspartate


What are the 3 parts of an RNA nucleotide?


Phosphate

Ribose

Uracil


What holds your base pairs together?


Hydrogen bonds


Name the 2 enzymes that are present in DNA replication.


Helicase

DNA Polymerase


What is a mutation?


Change in the DNA sequence


Which RNA molecule carries the amino acids to the ribosome?


  • tRNA


Explain the translation process.


During translation, the mRNA strand that was produced in transcription leaves the nucleus and travels to the ribosome. tRNA carries amino acids that pair up with codons on the mRNA strand. As more amino acids join together they make up a protein which can then go to the part of the body where it is needed. The end product after translation is complete is a protein. Translation happens in the RIBOSOME.


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