DNA
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DNA. Protein Synthesis. RNA. Codon Chart. Everything. 5 pt. 5 pt. 5 pt. 5 pt. 5 pt. 10 pt. 10 pt. 10 pt. 10 pt. 10 pt. 15 pt. 15 pt. 15 pt. 15 pt. 15 pt. 20 pt. 20 pt. 20 pt. 20 pt. 20 pt. 25 pt. 25 pt. 25 pt. 25 pt. 25 pt. The main shape of DNA is …. Double Helix.

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10 pt

DNA

Protein

Synthesis

RNA

Codon Chart

Everything

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10 pt

The main shape of DNA is ….


10 pt

Double Helix


10 pt

Where in the cell can you find DNA?


10 pt

Nucleus


10 pt

What is the complimentary strand of this DNA strand?

ATCGGAT


10 pt

TAGGCTA


10 pt

What is the sugar found in DNA?


10 pt

Deoxyribose


10 pt

What determines the traits of an organism?


10 pt

The sequence of the nitrogenous bases.


10 pt

Where does transcription happen in the cell?


10 pt

Nucleus


10 pt

What must happen before DNA replication can take place?


10 pt

DNA unwinds and the strands are separated


10 pt

What is the final product from Transcription?


10 pt

mRNA


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What do you end up with in translation?


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Protein


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Where does translation happen in the cell?


10 pt

Ribosome


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Which process does not involve RNA?


10 pt

Replication


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Which process results in an RNA copy of a DNA strand?


10 pt

Transcription


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What is the sugar found in RNA?


Ribose

Ribose


10 pt

What is the name of the nitrogenous base only found in RNA?


10 pt

Uracil


10 pt

How many codons are needed to specify 3 amino acids?


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3


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Amino acids are joined together to make ________________.


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Proteins


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USE YOUR CODON CHART!

GGA codes for what amino acid?


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Glycine


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Use your codon chart!

UCG codes for what amino acid?


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Serine


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Use your codon chart!

GAC codes for what amino acid?


10 pt

Aspartate


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What are the 3 parts of an RNA nucleotide?


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Phosphate

Ribose

Uracil


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What holds your base pairs together?


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Hydrogen bonds


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Name the 2 enzymes that are present in DNA replication.


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Helicase

DNA Polymerase


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What is a mutation?


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Change in the DNA sequence


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Which RNA molecule carries the amino acids to the ribosome?


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  • tRNA


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Explain the translation process.


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During translation, the mRNA strand that was produced in transcription leaves the nucleus and travels to the ribosome. tRNA carries amino acids that pair up with codons on the mRNA strand. As more amino acids join together they make up a protein which can then go to the part of the body where it is needed. The end product after translation is complete is a protein. Translation happens in the RIBOSOME.


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