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General Constitution. Review for Multiple Choice Final. The current U.S. President. Barack Obama. Name John Locke’s natural rights. Life, Liberty & Property. The term for the government forcing citizens to house soldiers. Quartering.

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General Constitution

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General Constitution

Review for Multiple Choice Final


  • The current U.S. President


Barack Obama

  • Name John Locke’s natural rights


Life, Liberty & Property

  • The term for the government forcing citizens to house soldiers


Quartering

  • This political theory emphasized civic virtue, moral education, and small, uniform communities


Classical Republicanism

  • The British raised these to pay for defending the colonists in the Seven Years War


Taxes

  • This term is used to describe something that cannot be taken away


Unalienable

  • This theory says there is an agreement, written or understood, between the government and the governed


Social Contract Theory

  • Locke said we had these from the very beginning, even if there was no government


Natural Rights

  • He wrote the Declaration of Independence


Thomas Jefferson

  • This term referred to the American colonists paying revenue to the British Crown without any Members of Parliament being from the colonies


Taxation without Representation

  • Locke said natural rights came from?


God

  • Where was the battle that included the “shot heard ‘round the world?”


Lexington/Concord

  • In classical republicanism, this term referred to what was in the best interest of the community as a whole


Common Good

  • The city that “hosted” a Massacre and a Tea Party


Boston

  • The term for a document that gave the British the ability to search and seize a colonist’s property without restrictions


Writ of assistance

  • The father of the U.S. Constitution


James Madison

  • This legislation under the Articles of Confederation created new states


Northwest Ordinance

  • What was the name of the first American constitution?


Articles of Confederation

  • Which provided a stronger central government, the Articles of Confederation or the U.S. Constitution?


U.S. Constitution

  • Which states benefitted from the 3/5 Compromise?


Southern slave states

  • Who is the current U.S. Speaker of the House?


John Boehner

  • Who are the two current U.S. Senators from Illinois?


Dick Durbin and Mark Kirk

  • What term refers to the head of a U.S. Cabinet Department?


Secretary

  • Who is the current Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court?


John Roberts

  • Who is the U.S. Representative for this congressional district (16th Dist., McHenry County)?


Don Manzullo

  • Which amendment to the U.S. Constitution about Congressional pay increases was ratified more than 200 years after it was first proposed by James Madison?


27th Amendment

  • Who is the current U.S. Vice-President?


Joe Biden

  • Who is the current President Pro-Tempore of the U.S. Senate?


Daniel Inouye

  • Who is the current Illinois governor?


Pat Quinn

  • What year was the current Illinois Constitution ratified?


1970

  • Who is the State Senator for McHenry County (32nd Legislative District)?


Pam Althoff

  • Who is the Illinois Secretary of State?


Jesse White

  • Who chooses the Illinois Supreme Court Justices?


The People, by voting

  • Which Illinois legislative district is Huntley High School in?


32nd

  • Which Illinois Representative District is Huntley High School in?


64th

  • How long is the term for an Illinois Supreme Court Justice?


10 years

  • What U.S. House of Representatives Congressional District is Huntley High School in?


The 16th Congressional District of Illinois

  • What is the power to declare laws or government acts unconstitutional called?


Judicial Review

  • What is the Illinois state motto?


State Sovereignty, National Union

  • How many legislators are in the Illinois General Assembly?


59 Senators & 118 Representatives

  • The Illinois Constitution provides for what 3 levels of local government?


County, Township & Municipality

  • Which Massachusetts Founding Father was instrumental in our Declaration of Independence and our second President?


John Adams

  • Which branch of government appropriates and spends money?


Legislative

The term of a U.S. Representative is how long?


2 years

  • Who led the Colonial Army in the American Revolution?


George Washington

  • This Virginian first proposed declaring independence from Britain in the 2nd Continental Congress


Richard Henry Lee

  • This Pennsylvanian was a politician, inventor, scientist and publisher


Ben Franklin

  • This Virginian wrote in the Declaration of Independence that all men have the right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness


Thomas Jefferson

  • This meeting of our Founding Fathers was in Philadelphia from May to September of 1787


Constitutional Convention

  • This proposal for the new U.S. government suggested one legislative house with equal representation


New Jersey Plan

  • This highest U.S. court hears only cases it selects


U.S. Supreme Court

  • This branch of U.S. government controls relations with other countries


Executive (President)

  • This branch has the power of judicial review


Judicial (U.S. Supreme Court)

  • This branch coins money and admits new states into the Union


Legislative (Congress)

  • This branch executes laws and vetoes bills


Executive (President)

  • This state proposed the Great Compromise in the Constitutional Convention


Connecticut

  • This proposal at the Constitutional Convention for proportional representation in two legislative houses would have benefitted the large states


Virginia Plan

  • This branch declares war, and can override a veto or remove (impeach) federal officials


Congress

  • This branch can ask for a declaration of war, appoints federal officials, makes treaties, and grants pardons


President

  • This branch judges laws and can declare them unconstitutional


Supreme Court

  • This branch passes bills and raises the army and navy


Congress

  • This branch commands the army and navy


President

  • The amendment that gives you the right to criticize the government


1st

  • The amendment that ended Prohibition


21st

  • The amendment that gave former slaves the right to vote


15th

  • The amendment that ended slavery


13th

  • The Amendment that forbids cruel and unusual punishment


8th

  • The amendment that limits a President to two terms, or if the President served more than 2 years of another President’s term, one term


22nd

  • The amendment that permitted income tax


16th

  • This amendment clarified the presidential line of succession (who takes over)


25th

  • This amendment gave electoral votes to the District of Columbia


23rd

  • This amendment allows you to refuse to testify against yourself


5th

  • The number of U.S. Representatives


435

  • The number of years a U.S. Representative must be a U.S. citizen


7

  • The length of term for a U.S. Senator


6 years

  • The number of years a U.S. Senator must be a citizen


9 years

  • The total number of electoral votes


538

  • The number of electoral votes needed to become U.S. President


270

  • The number of U.S. Senators


100

  • This amendment allows 18 year olds to vote


26th

  • From which ancient empire did our Founding Fathers get the principles of direct democracy?


Greece


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