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CstM 301 - Management & Organization. o rganization structures & design. as a function of management…. or·gan·ize [ awr-guh-nahyz ] - verb to put together in an orderly, functional, structured whole. to arrange people and resources to work toward a goal. the role of organizing….

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Cstm 301 management organization

CstM 301 - Management & Organization

organization structures & design


As a function of management
as a function of management…

  • or·gan·ize[awr-guh-nahyz]

  • - verb

  • to put together in an orderly, functional, structured whole.

  • to arrange people and resources to work toward a goal


The role of organizing
the role of organizing…

  • organizing - to create structures

  • divide up the work

  • arrange resources

  • coordinate activities

planning - to set the direction

controlling - to ensure results

leading - to inspire effort


Organizational structure
organizational structure…

  • formal structure

  • division of work

  • supervisory relationships

  • communication channels

  • major subunits

  • levels of management

  • informal structure


Functional structure
functional structure…

administrator

president

business

director

medical staff

director

nursing

director

patient services

vice president

marketing

vice president

finance

vice president

human resources

director

clinics

vice president

production

hospital


Functional pro s con s
functional pro’s & con’s…

  • advantages

  • economies of scale

  • task assignments

  • problem solving

  • training & skill development

  • career paths

  • disadvantages

  • reduced communication

  • problem solving


Divisional structures
divisional structures…

  • product

  • geography

  • customer

  • process

agency administrator

general manager

president

catalog sales manager

grocery products

drugs & toiletries

problem youth

senior citizens

grocery products

drugs & toiletries

asia division

europe division


Matrix structure
matrix structure…

general manager

manager of projects

manufacturing manager

sales manager

engineering manager

project A manager

project B manager

project C manager


Horizontal organization structure
horizontal organization structure…

  • team structure

  • cross functional

  • project teams

  • network structure

  • outsourcing

  • strategic alliance


Organizational design
organizational design…

  • mechanistic vs. organic


Trends in organizational designs
trends in organizational designs…

  • fewer levels of management

    • chain of command

    • span of control

      • tall vs. narrow structure


Trends in organizational designs1
trends in organizational designs…

  • more delegation & empowerment

    • assign responsibility

    • grant authority

    • create accountability


Trends in organizational designs2
trends in organizational designs…

  • decentralization & centralization

    • autonomy

  • reduced use of staff

    • doing more with less


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