FRACTURES. A closed fracture The broken bone does not puncture the skin. An open fracture The broken bone has punctured the skin creating a wound & possible infection. A complicated fracture can be either closed or open and will involve injury to another part of the body. Types of fracture.
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A closed fracture
The broken bone does not puncture the skin
An open fracture
The broken bone has punctured the skin creating a wound & possible infection
A complicated fracture can be either closed or open and will involve injury to another part of the body.
CAUSES OF FRACTURES
A greenstick fracture can often be mistaken as a sprain or a strain due to pain.
THE TREATMENT OF CLOSED FRACTURES
Effective immobilization sometimes requires bandages and slings. This should only be carried out if an ambulance is not available, or if you need to move the casualty to a safer place
TREATMENT OF OPEN FRACTURES
Gently support the injured arm, ask the casualty to assist if they are able
Place a triangular bandage with its base parallel to the casualty’s body
Bring the lower end of the bandage up to meet the upper end at the shoulder and secure with a reef knot
Use a safety pin to secure at the elbow or twist the bandage and tuck into the sling at the back of the arm.
Place a triangular bandage over the injury, with one end over the uninjured shoulder
Examine the injury, ask the casualty to support the injured arm and raise the finger tips to their opposite shoulder
Tuck the base of the triangular bandage under the hand, forearm and elbow. Remember to leave the thumb exposed so you can check circulation
Secure at the shoulder with a reef knot. Secure at the elbow with either a safety pin or twist the fabric and tuck in.