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The Rise of Realism. From the Civil War to 1914 By Ethan Young. Causes of Realism . Greatest cause of Realism: Civil War. Civil War led writers to abandon Romantic ideals. The Civil War: 1861-1865. Began with attack on Fort Sumter, South Carolina, on April 12, 1861;

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The rise of realism

The Rise of Realism

From the Civil War to 1914

By Ethan Young

Causes of realism
Causes of Realism

  • Greatest cause of Realism: Civil War.

  • Civil War led writers to abandon Romantic ideals.

The civil war 1861 1865
The Civil War: 1861-1865

  • Began with attack on Fort Sumter, South Carolina, on April 12, 1861;

  • Ended at Appomattox Courthouse in Virginia on April 9, 1865.

  • Casualties on both sides topped 1,000,000

After the war
After the War

  • When the Civil War ended, many American writers were disillusioned with Romanticism.

  • The days of Melville, Hawthorne and Poe were at an end.

  • But a new generation of writers were about to come of age.

The realistic novel
The Realistic Novel

  • Realistic novels portrayed everyday life.

  • Their characters were far from idealized; they included poor factory workers, corrupt politicians and prostitutes.

  • The subjects of Realistic novels were drawn from the slums of the cities and factories.

Realistic roots europe
Realistic Roots: Europe

  • Realism has its roots in Europe; it was well-established there by the time it came to the U.S.

  • Realistic writers tried to represent the environment and manners of everyday life.

  • They also sought to explain why people do what they do.

  • Realistic novels relied on human and animal psychology.

Realistic roots america
Realistic Roots: America

  • In America, Realism has its roots in regionalism.

  • Regionalism is literature that emphasizes a geographic setting and makes use of the speech and manners of those who live there.

  • Some regional writers include Harriet Beecher Stowe and Kate Chopin.

Realism social influences
Realism: SocialInfluences

  • Reformers and journalists begin to expose abuses in the mining and meatpacking industries.

  • In the 1880’s, thousands of European immigrants settled in American cities.

  • Henry Ford invents the Model T in 1908 and drastically changes the American way of life.

Famous realist mark twain
Famous Realist- Mark Twain

  • Mark Twain wrote The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.

  • Both novels portray young boys in the pre-Civil War South.

  • Both novels combine biting injustice in pre-Civil War life with a lyrical view of the American landscape.

  • Twain used lots of regional dialect in both books.

Famous realist stephen crane
Famous Realist- Stephen Crane

  • Crane used lots of psychology in his books.

  • His main interest was the human character in moments of stress.

  • Crane was an ironist- he juxtaposed human illusions with the indifference of the universe in his novels.


  • Barksdale, Allen. "Stephen Crane." Www.bgsu.eduSpring 1996. 15 May 2009 <>.\\

  • "Tom Sawyer." 19 Nov. 2006. Lower Canada College. 15 May 2009 <>.

  • Vol. 5. Austin, TX: Holt, Rinhart and Winston, 2008.

  • "" 15 May 2009 <>.