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Unit 12 What are China’s power problems?. Unit 12. What are China’s power problems?. The Himalayas. The Three Gorges Dam is located in the remote interior. Unit 12 What are China’s power problems?. What are the problems caused by the uneven distribution of power resources in China?.

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Unit 12

Unit 12 What are China’s power problems?

Unit 12

What are China’s power problems?


What are the problems caused by the uneven distribution of power resources in china

The Himalayas

The Three Gorges Dam is located in the remote interior

Unit 12 What are China’s power problems?

What are the problems caused by the uneven distribution of power resources in China?

In China, areas with rich power resources and great H.E.P. potential are far from densely populated areas where power is in great demand.


Distribution of power resources in china

Coalfields

70% of country’s H.E.P. potential

Oilfields

Gasfields

N

Unit 12 What are China’s power problems?

Distribution of power resources in China


What are the problems caused by the uneven distribution of power resources in china1

Unit 12 What are China’s power problems?

Shanghai is the main area of power consumption

Shenzhen faces a serious shortage of power.

What are the problems caused by the uneven distribution of power resources in China?

The 13 eastern provinces produce only about one-tenth of all the energy but consume 65% of the total consumption of the country.


Distribution of industrial centres in china

Harbin

Urumqi

Shenyang

Baotou

Beijing

Anshan

Jiayuguan

Datong

Dalian

Tianjin

Taiyuan

Lanzhou

Jinan

Qingdao

Xian

Nanjing

Wuhan

Shanghai

Chongqing

Nanchang

Changsha

Guiyang

Shaoguan

Kunming

Taipei

Guangzhou

Kaohsiung

Hong Kong

km

With population over 2 million

Densely populated areas over 400 people /km²

Industrial cities

N

Unit 12 What are China’s power problems?

Distribution of industrial centres in China


What are the problems caused by the uneven distribution of power resources in china2

Unit 12 What are China’s power problems?

What are the problems caused by the uneven distribution of power resources in China?

The cost of the transport of fuels from the western region to the eastern and southern regions is very high because of poor communication. This makes the supply of power uneconomical.


What are the problems arising from the consumption of power in china

Mining in Gobi

Unit 12 What are China’s power problems?

What are the problems arising from the consumption of power in China?

China should plan carefully the mining of these fuels so these power resources will still be available to our children.

Non-renewable power resources

All fossil fuels are non-renewable power resources because their reserves will decrease and be exhausted eventually.


What are the problems arising from the consumption of power in china1

Backward mining town in Gobi

Unit 12 What are China’s power problems?

What are the problems arising from the consumption of power in China?

 Capital and technology

In China the development of the power industry has been affected by financial and technical problems.

China requires foreign technology and capital in the development of her power resources.


What are the problems arising from the consumption of power in china2

Unit 12 What are China’s power problems?

What are the problems arising from the consumption of power in China?

Capital and technology

The development of H.E.P. faces the same financial and technical problems. Only 10% of its potential has been developed.


What are the problems arising from the consumption of power in china3

The Three Gorges Project

Unit 12 What are China’s power problems?

What are the problems arising from the consumption of power in China?

Rapid increase in power consumption

The demand for energy in China has been increasing rapidly because of strong economic growth.

Power production in China cannot keep pace with the increase in demand.


Electricity generation in china

Unit 12 What are China’s power problems?

Electricity Generation in China


Electricity consumption in china

Unit 12 What are China’s power problems?

Electricity consumption in China


What are the problems arising from the consumption of power in china4

Urbanization

Scientific farming

Automobiles

Mechanization

Unit 12 What are China’s power problems?

What are the problems arising from the consumption of power in China?

Rapid increase in power consumption


What are the problems arising from the consumption of power in china5

Unit 12 What are China’s power problems?

What are the problems arising from the consumption of power in China?

Supply of power resources unable to meet demand

China is exporting a lot of coal but it is also importing coal from other countries.

If this trend continues, very soon China’s coal imports will be more than her exports.


What are the problems arising from the consumption of power in china6

Unit 12 What are China’s power problems?

What are the problems arising from the consumption of power in China?

Supply of power resources unable to meet demand

Today, China has to import about 20% of the oil she needs.

The oil is mainly imported from Indonesia and the Middle East.


Is the problem of insufficient power resources the same everywhere in china

Unit 12 What are China’s power problems?

Is the problem of insufficient power resources the same everywhere in China?

Uneven distribution of power resources

Some regions of the country have produced more than their needs while others are not producing enough to meet their demand.

Uneven distribution of power resources

Uneven distribution of population

Uneven economic development


Uneven distribution of power resources

Coalfield

70% of country’s H.E.P. potential

Oilfield

Gasfield

N

Unit 12 What are China’s power problems?

Uneven distribution of power resources


Unit 12

About 94% of the population live in the eastern and central provinces.

Urumqi

Shenyang

Nei Mongol

Beijing

Xinjiang

Tianjin

Qinghai

North China Pingyuan

Lanzhou

Shanghai

Sichuan

Middle and lower Chang Jiang Pingyuan

Chengdu

Taipei

Guangzhou

Densely populated

Hong Kong

Moderately populated

Sparsely populated

Zhu Jiang Delta

City

N

Unit 12 What are China’s power problems?

Uneven distribution of population


Uneven industrial development

Most of the economic centres are concentrated in eastern and central regions.

Harbin

Urumqi

Shenyang

Baotou

Beijing

Anshan

Jiayuguan

Datong

Dalian

Tianjin

Taiyuan

Lanzhou

Jinan

Qingdao

Xian

Nanjing

Wuhan

Shanghai

Chongqing

Nanchang

Changsha

Guiyang

Shaoguan

Kunming

Taipei

Guangzhou

Kaohsiung

Hong Kong

km

With population over 2 million

Densely populated areas over 400 people /km²

Industrial cities

N

Unit 12 What are China’s power problems?

Uneven industrial development


Is the problem of insufficient power resources the same everywhere in china1

Unit 12 What are China’s power problems?

Is the problem of insufficient power resources the same everywhere in China?

Power shortage in southern provinces

China’s southern provinces are basically poor in power resources yet the demand is great and is increasing rapidly.

Power blackouts are frequent.

Power shortage has become a serious problem in the southern provinces, this affects the economic development of the region.


What are the problems caused by the use of fossil fuels

Factory machines

Traffic congestion is common in urban areas

Power plant

Unit 12 What are China’s power problems?

What are the problems caused by the use of fossil fuels?

Air pollution

In the generation of electricity, the running of motor vehicles and factory machines emit greenhouse gases which cause global warming.


What are the problems caused by the use of fossil fuels1

Smog is common in northern China

Air quality in Beijing is very poor

Air pollution is serious in Shanghai

Air pollution in Guangzhou

Unit 12 What are China’s power problems?

What are the problems caused by the use of fossil fuels?

Air pollution

Our big cities like Shanghai, Guangzhou and Beijing are seriously polluted.


Terms to learn

Unit 12 What are China’s power problems?

Terms to learn

Non-renewable power resources (非再生能源)--power resources such as coal, oil and natural gas, which are fossil fuels, can be used up one day as they cannot be recovered or recycled fast enough to meet consumption.


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