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Medicaid Prescription Drug Purchasing: Preferred Drug List Proposed Final Report. Joint Legislative Audit & Review Committee July 22, 2009 John Bowden, JLARC Staff. PROGRAM BACKGROUND. What is the State Preferred Drug List?.

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medicaid prescription drug purchasing preferred drug list proposed final report

Medicaid Prescription Drug Purchasing: Preferred Drug ListProposed Final Report

Joint Legislative Audit & Review Committee

July 22, 2009

John Bowden, JLARC Staff

what is the state preferred drug list

PROGRAM BACKGROUND

What is the State Preferred Drug List?
  • The state preferred drug list (PDL) is a joint effort by the DSHS, the Health Care Authority (HCA), and the Department of Labor and Industries (L&I).
  • The PDL is a list of prescription drugs selected to save money and ensure the safety, efficacy, and effectiveness of dispensed drugs.
  • The PDL applies only to fee-for-service, point-of-sale prescriptions – those dispensed by retail pharmacies.

Medicaid Prescription Drug Study

July 22, 2009

Report Page 1

audit results summary
Audit Results Summary

Has DSHS complied with statutory requirements in creating and using the PDL?

Has use of the PDL resulted in Medicaid prescription drug cost savings?

However, specific PDL cost savings cannot be calculated.

Is a separate process for estimating savings still needed for budget development purposes?

Yes

Yes

Not any more

Medicaid Prescription Drug Study

July 22, 2009

dshs has complied with statutory requirements

A

U

D

I

T

R

E

S

U

L

T

S

DSHS Has Complied with Statutory Requirements

A

U

D

I

T

R

E

S

U

L

T

S

    • Analyze drug utilization for potential cost savings;
    • Ensure the safety and effectiveness of drugs included on the PDL;
    • Adopted rules governing practitioner endorsement of the PDL and substitution of preferred drugs for non-preferred drugs; and
  • Provided for reasonable exceptions to the PDL through the use of “dispense as written.”

Medicaid Prescription Drug Study

July 22, 2009

Report Page 2 & 9

the pdl has produced medicaid prescription drug cost savings

A

U

D

I

T

R

E

S

U

L

T

S

The PDL Has Produced Medicaid Prescription Drug Cost Savings
  • Calculating specific PDL cost savings is not possible due to:
    • Concurrent cost containment efforts
    • Market and population factors affecting costs
    • Challenges with cost savings methodologies
  • However, JLARC identified six indicators that the PDL has produced Medicaid drug cost savings.

Medicaid Prescription Drug Study

July 22, 2009

Report Pages 11-12

pdl drug cost increases at slower rate than other drugs

A

U

D

I

T

R

E

S

U

L

T

S

PDL Drug Cost Increases at Slower Rate than Other Drugs

Increase in Average Daily Costs from FY 2003 to FY 2008

35%

30%

25%

20%

Percent Increase in Average Daily Cost

15%

10%

5%

0%

PDL Drug Classes

National Drug Inflation

Non-PDL Drug Classes

Source: JLARC analysis of HRSA data and U.S. Bureau of Labor national drug inflation statistics.

Medicaid Prescription Drug Study

July 22, 2009

Report Pages 13-14

additional indicators that the pdl has produced medicaid drug cost savings

A

U

D

I

T

R

E

S

U

L

T

S

Additional Indicators that the PDL has Produced Medicaid Drug Cost Savings
  • The 28 PDL drug classes accounted for nearly half of all Medicaid fee-for-service drug expenditures in FY 2008.
  • The percentage of prescriptions filled using preferred drugs is increasing.
  • The use of “dispense as written” is decreasing.
  • The state received $6.6 million in supplemental rebates for drugs on the PDL in FY 2008.
  • The percentage of prescriptions filled using generic drugs is increasing.

Medicaid Prescription Drug Study

July 22, 2009

Report Pages 14-18

pdl cost saving estimates are no longer needed for budget purposes

A

U

D

I

T

R

E

S

U

L

T

S

PDL Cost Saving Estimates are No Longer Needed for Budget Purposes
  • Legislative fiscal committee, OFM, and DSHS staff no longer consider PDL cost savings separately in forecasting Medicaid drug expenditures.
  • Additional savings from adding new drug classes to the PDL are not likely to be significant.

Medicaid Prescription Drug Study

July 22, 2009

Report Page 19

contact information
Contact Information

John Bowden

360-786-5298

[email protected]

www.jlarc.leg.wa.gov

Medicaid Prescription Drug Study

July 22, 2009

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