Chapter 3 - The Self

Chapter 3 - The Self PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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What is the Self? Three Main Parts. Self KnowledgeSelf AwarenessSelf SchemaInterpersonal SelfPublic Self

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Chapter 3 - The Self

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1. Chapter 3 - The Self What is the Self? What does the Self Do? This is an overview of the topics of the chapter. This is an overview of the topics of the chapter.

2. What is the Self? Three Main Parts Self Knowledge Self Awareness Self Schema Interpersonal Self Public Self “Persona” Agent Self Executive Function Active Self Discussion: Ask students to consider how their selves have changed since high school; since grade school. How have their selves remained the same?Discussion: Ask students to consider how their selves have changed since high school; since grade school. How have their selves remained the same?

3. Where does the Self Come From? Interaction between biology and the sociocultural environment Is there a self without others? How is your self as defined related to others?

4. Functions of the Self Organizational Function Self-Knowledge/Schemas Who am I? How should I present myself? Self-Regulation Self-Control How can I fit into Society? What Roles should I fill? Teaching Tip: Ask students to imagine how their behavior differs when interacting with a professor, a coworker, a parent, or a friend. These differences can be attributed to the different social roles involved in each interaction.Teaching Tip: Ask students to imagine how their behavior differs when interacting with a professor, a coworker, a parent, or a friend. These differences can be attributed to the different social roles involved in each interaction.

5. Cultural Differences of Selfhood Independent self-construal (Individualistic) What makes the self different Interdependent self-construal (Collectivist) What connects the self to the group Technology Tip: Discuss the incident described in the online article “Two Chicago Police Officers Fired for Running Away While Fellow Officer Fights for Life.” Technology Tip: Direct your students to an online “Who Am I” scale that includes brief tutorials on the self. (http://www.u.arizona.edu/~schmader/whoami3.dcr )Technology Tip: Discuss the incident described in the online article “Two Chicago Police Officers Fired for Running Away While Fellow Officer Fights for Life.” Technology Tip: Direct your students to an online “Who Am I” scale that includes brief tutorials on the self. (http://www.u.arizona.edu/~schmader/whoami3.dcr )

6. Self-Awareness Begins with Introspection We don’t look inward much When we do, we might not be aware of our true self Self-Focused Attention Private self-awareness Public self-awareness Usually involves evaluative comparison Teaching Tip: Highlight the concept of self-awareness by asking students to attend to their inner states and then look around the room and imagine what others are thinking about them.Teaching Tip: Highlight the concept of self-awareness by asking students to attend to their inner states and then look around the room and imagine what others are thinking about them.

7. Purpose of Self-Awareness Self-regulation See how others view you Manage behavior as you pursue goals

8. Self Compared to Standards Concepts of how things might possibly be Ideals, norms, expectations, moral principles, laws, past experiences Where do these standards come from? Around age 2, begin use of standards Beginning of self-awareness

9. Self Awareness Theory Duvall & Wicklund, 1972 Situation causes Self-Awareness We become Self-Aware We experience a Discrepancy Options: Change or Escape But current research says how we feel about our potential of reaching the standard may alter this reaction.

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