World war i
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World War I. 1914 – 1918 (1919). Essential Questions. How did new technology in WWI influence warfare? How did a need for power and control help influence and start WWI? How did interdependency (alliances) help lead to world conflict?. Background.

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World War I

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World war i

World War I

1914 – 1918 (1919)


Essential questions

Essential Questions

  • How did new technology in WWI influence warfare?

  • How did a need for power and control help influence and start WWI?

  • How did interdependency (alliances) help lead to world conflict?


Background

Background

  • Europe has been at peace for 30 years into 1900s

  • Whole generation that does not know the “reality” of War


Long term causes

Long Term Causes

  • 1. Nationalism

    • Deep feelings for own country

    • Countries as rivals


Reasons for rivalries nationalism

Reasons for Rivalries (Nationalism)

  • Competition for resources

  • Germany challenging England’s Industrial power

  • France wants Alsace-Lorraine back from Germany

  • Austria-Hungary and Russia fight over Balkan region (who want independence)


Long term causes1

Long term causes

  • 2. Imperialism

    • Competing for colonies

    • Dominating a weaker territory either politically, economically, and/or socially


Long term causes2

Long term Causes

  • 3. Militarism

    • Glorifying military power and keeping standing army (always ready for war)

    • England is only county in Europe without one at beginning of war

    • Kaiser Wilhelm II (Germany)


Long term causes3

Long Term Causes

  • 4. Alliances

  • Meant to keep peace, but leads to World War


Alliances

Alliances

  • Triple Alliance

    • Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy

      • Formed to keep France from getting too powerful

      • Germany breaks treaty with Russia

      • Russia aligns with France

      • Wilhelm tries to build navy

      • England scared and joins alliance


Alliances1

Alliances

  • Triple Entente

    • France, England, Russia


Immediate cause

Immediate Cause

  • “Powder Keg” of Europe

    • The Balkans

      • Russia and Austria fight over territory

      • Austria takes Bosnia-Herzegovina and Serbia


Immediate cause 1914

Immediate Cause (1914)

  • Archduke Franz Ferdinand (of Austria) tours Sarajevo

  • Shot and killed by Serbian Gavrilo Princip (Black Hand)

  • Austria takes it as a sign of Serbian aggression

  • Germany encourages Austria to declare war on Serbia (promises to help)


Austria s ultimatum

Austria’s Ultimatum

  • To Serbia

    • No more anti-Austrian activity and other types of harsh demands

    • Serbia agrees with some

    • Austria declares war anyway

    • Russia backs up Serbia


War begins

War begins

  • Powder Keg is lit with the assassination

  • Alliance system falls apart (new ones form)

  • World War I becomes largest war ever


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