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The Journey from SAFED to ASER. South Asia Forum for Education Development ( SAFED ). SAFED - outcome of a regional conference on “Local Governance, Texts and Contexts: Perspectives from South Asia” February 1-2, 2006 SAFED registered in April, 2008

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The journey from safed to aser

The Journey from SAFED to ASER


South asia forum for education development safed
South Asia Forum for Education Development(SAFED)

  • SAFED - outcome of a regional conference on “Local Governance, Texts and Contexts: Perspectives from South Asia” February 1-2, 2006

  • SAFED registered in April, 2008

  • An information sharing, research and good practice gateway across South Asia

  • Member Countries:

    Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, India, Maldives, Myanmar, Pakistan and Sri Lanka


Safed s areas of focus
SAFED’s Areas of Focus

  • Policy and Curriculum Reforms

  • Quality: Teaching and Support Systems; Assessing Learning Levels

  • Up scaling Girls’ Education

  • Education for Sustainable Development

  • Human Rights, Peace and Citizenship Education

  • Education in Emergencies

    Embedded in linkages with :

    higher education, gender and partnerships


Assessment survey of education report aser pakistan a citizens initiative
Assessment Survey of Education Report ASER Pakistana citizens’ initiative


Aser pakistan
ASER PAKISTAN

  • ASER - The Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) is a survey of the quality of education. ASER seeks to fill a gap in educational data by looking to provide a reliable set of data at the national level, that is comprehensive and, at the same time, easy to understand. The survey’s stated objectives are three fold:

    • To get reliable estimates of the status of children’s schooling and basic learning (reading and arithmetic level)     

    • To measure the change in these basic learning and school statistics from last year

    • To interpret these results and use them to affect policy decisions at various levels.


Aser pakistan1
ASER PAKISTAN

The Annual Status of Education Report - ASER Pakistan is the largest annual survey of rural children done by the citizens of Pakistan every year since 2008-09. ASER is facilitated by SAFED and is carried out by a local organization in rural districts in Pakistan. In 2010, ASER was conducted in 32 districts, over 900 villages and 19000 households, and surveyed almost 54000 children. From start to finish, ASER takes about 100 days and the report is ready by mid January. ASER asks children whether they are enrolled in school. ASER also asks children to read a simple text and do some very basic arithmetic tasks.


Aser pakistan 2008 2010 2015

ASER Pakistan 2008, 2010-2015

ASER Pakistan 2010 preceded by

ASER Pakistan 2008-09 11 Districts (Pilot)

ASER Pakistan 2010-15

ASER Pakistan 2010-15 32 Districts (Completed)

ASER Pakistan 2011 70 -75 Districts

ASER Pakistan 2012-15 138 Districts all districts


Aser pakistan2
ASER PAKISTAN

  • Goal:

    • To undertake ASER Pakistan for five consecutive years 2011-2015, a rigorous tracking of learning outcomes led by citizens themselves for 3-16 years children

  •  Objectives

    • To get reliable estimates of the status of children’s schooling and basic learning (reading and arithmetic level) at the district level; and,

    • To measure the change in these basic learning and school statistics from last year

    • To share the results for action regionally and internationally to the global reporting and campaigns for quality education for all.

    • To leverage the results for appropriate education interventions with in-school and out of school children in Pakistan.

    • To build capacity for citizen led initiatives to improve understanding and options of: where, what and how well students learn


Aser pakistan the architecture

Village Level

20 Houses per Village

Voluntary Surveyors (VSs)

(CBOs, NGOs, Colleges, Universities)

District Level

30 Villages per district

Collaborating Partner Organizations (Master Trainers MT) & Voluntaries

Provincial Level

2008: 11 District s

2010: 32 Districts

2011: 70 Districts

2012-15 = All Districts

Chief Collaborating Partners

(CCP)

External Collaborator

(ASER India, PCE)

National

Level

SAFED Team

ASER Pakistan – the Architecture


Aser s learning assessment tools
ASER ‘S LEARNING ASSESSMENT – TOOLS

Reading Tools:

  • Reading tools have been developed in three languages - Urdu, Pashto and Sindhi. Children can choose to be tested in a language of their own choice. Therefore, the ASER team has a set of tools in any basic language that the child is likely to know. There are four levels used in tools for assessing reading which are as following

  • Alphabets/grade 1 level text

  • Words/grade 1 level text

  • Easy Paragraph/Class 1 level text

  • Simple Story/Class 2 level text

    English Language Tools: (Reading & Comprehension)

  • Reading:

  • There are four levels used in tools for assessing reading

    • Capital alphabets

    • Small alphabets

    • Simple words /grade 1 level text

    • Easy sentences /Class 2 level text

  • Meanings

    • There are two levels used in tools for assessing comprehension which are as following

    • Meaning of words: (after the child has been marked at “word” level)

    • Meaning of sentences: (after the child has been marked at “sentence” level)


Aser s learning assessment tools1
ASER ‘S LEARNING ASSESSMENT – TOOLS

  • Arithmetic Tools:

  • There are four categories used in the arithmetic tool for assessing basic numeracy skills of children. These include:

  • Number recognition 1 to 9:

  • Number recognition 11 to 99:

  • Subtraction:

  • Division:

  • Mothers’ literacy tool

  • Mothers are ONLY be asked to read the SENTENCES

  • Other Tools

  • Household Survey Form

  • Village Map

  • School Survey Form

  • a) Government School: Attendance teachers/students; Facilities and Grants

  • b) Private School: Attendance teachers/students; Facilities and Grants


Characteristics of aser pakistan
CHARACTERISTICS OF ASER PAKISTAN

  • In ASER, every year, we will retain 20 villages from the previous year and 10 new villages will be added. Ten villages will also be randomly dropped each year from the previous year’s list, and 10 more villages will be added from the population census village directory. The 10 new villages will also be chosen using PPS. 20 old villages and the 10 new villages give us a “rotating panel” of villages, for more precise estimates of changes.

  • ASER will be carried out in an inclusive campaign mode as a national movement by citizens.

  • SAFED involves ordinary citizens in the process of data collection and survey empowering them with an accessible tool for evidence gathering & action

  • ASER Associates (2 per district) will be selected each year to be trained in the practice, theory and research skills of ASER through a formal modular training lasting 40-50 days.

  • Workshops will be held at the national, provincial and district levels to train surveyors with necessary skills.

  • Survey undertaken within 6 weeks and results sent to the central secretariat for ASER Pakistan for consolidation and launch co-planned with ASER Centre India

  • A communication strategy will be finalized for the ASER findings and dissemination – support and skills will be mobilized from ASER Centre India

  • Reports generated and final national and disaggregated reports and policy briefs prepared for the launch.. shared with the global monitoring report team in UNESCO to reflect this data not just coming with validity at the national levels but also regionally and globally (ASER Inida, ASER or UWEZO 2009)

  • NEAS/PEC other assessment initiatives will be kept in the loop, informing them about ASER Pakistan and activity seeking synergies



ASER Pakistan 2008 - Rural Pakistan?

FINDINGS


In school out of school children types of schools
In-School& Out of School Children - Types of Schools Pakistan?

In-School : 85% Out of school: 15%

Govt. Schools: 76.5% Private Schools: 22%

Madrassah/Others : 1.6%


Out of school children by gender
Out of School Children by Gender Pakistan?

Of the out of school children surveyed (15%) in the age group 3-16 years.

11.2% of all children never enrolled in any type of schools.

3.8 % of all the children (1408) are drop outs.

54.6% of out of school children (2,503) are females.


Learning ability of the age group 03 16 years
Learning Ability of the Age Group 03-16 Years Pakistan?

  • Reading:

  • 16,737 children were tested on their reading abilities.

  • 31.9% were able to read the story text or level - II text

  • 15.2% were able to read Para text. or level - I text

  • 16.1% of the children were able to read words

  • 14.8% were able to read letter and

  • 22% were categorized as beginners or can’t read.

  • Arithmetic:

  • 16,737 children were tested on their arithmetic abilities.

  • 25.5% were able to do division correctly (3 digits divided by single digits with carry)

  • 17.7% were able to do subtraction correctly (2 digits subtraction with Carry)

  • 20.5% of the children were able to recognize numbers from 11-99

  • 13.8% were able to recognize numbers from 1-9 and

  • 22.5% of the children were categorized as beginner or can’t even recognize numbers


Attendance
Attendance Pakistan?

  • Teachers Attendance is over all 78%

  • Primary level 75%;

  • Elementary : 82%

  • Children’s Attendance overall : 74%

  • Primary level 79%;

  • Elementary level 72%





Access – Children (6-16 Years) Pakistan?School Enrollment and Out of School ChildrenFirst time Use of Age Band 6-10 years according to NEP 2009


Out of School Children Pakistan?

(Age 6-16 years)

15%

6%

Over all = 20%

5%

3%

15%

35%

32%


Access children 6 16 years school enrollment and out of school children
Access – Children (6-16 Years) Pakistan?School Enrollment and Out of School Children


Enrollment and out of school children age 6 16 years
Enrollment and Out of School Children Pakistan?(Age 6-16 years)

Proportionately More Girls in Private Schools .. Households do pay for Girls’ Education!

Echoing trends of GMR..slightly more

Girls are out of school than boys … up to age 13


Access children 6 16 years gender gaps
Access – Children (6-16 years) Pakistan?Gender Gaps


Access children 6 16 years gender gaps1
Access – Children (6-16 Years) Pakistan?Gender Gaps


Access children 6 10 years gender gaps
Access – Children Pakistan?(6-10 Years)Gender Gaps


Access children 6 10 years school enrollment and out of school children
Access – Children Pakistan?(6-10 Years)School Enrollment and Out of School Children


Access children 3 5 years school enrollment and out of school children
Access – Children (3-5 Years) Pakistan?School Enrollment and Out of School Children

EFA/NPA 2001-2015 target = 50% enrollment by 2015

In PAKISTAN it is QUALITY as key challenges with hardly any teachers/ Training on ECE or infrastructure in govt. schools - encouraging early drop outs !


Children in Pre School (Age 3-5 years) Pakistan?

64%

48%

Over all = 45%

73%

68%

52%

31%

33%

The EFA National Plan of Action Target 50% by 2015 .. Are we almost there ? But what is the quality of access and learning ?


Access children 3 5 years school enrollment and out of school children1
Access – Children (3-5 Years) Pakistan?School Enrollment and Out of School Children


Class wise enrollment
Class-wise Enrollment Pakistan?

Diminishing return .. Disappearing children adding to the out of school stock


Class wise enrollment gender gap
Class-wise Enrollment Pakistan?Gender GAP

Diminishing return .. Disappearing children adding to the out of school stock



Paid Tuition Pakistan?

(Govt. & Private Schools)

12%

9%

Over all = 14%

9%

28%

22%

6%

5%


Learning levels
Learning Levels Pakistan?


Learning levels government and private not controlled for differences in learning
Learning Levels Pakistan?(Government and Private)not controlled for differences in learning


Learning levels gender gaps
Learning Levels- Pakistan?Gender Gaps


Learning levels language gender gaps
Learning Levels- Language Pakistan?Gender Gaps


Learning levels language gender gaps1
Learning Levels- Language Pakistan?Gender Gaps


Learning levels english gender gaps
Learning Levels- English Pakistan?Gender Gaps


Learning levels english gender gaps1
Learning Levels- English Pakistan?Gender Gaps


Learning levels arithmetic gender gaps
Learning Levels- Arithmetic Pakistan?Gender Gaps


Learning levels arithmetic gender gaps1
Learning Levels- Arithmetic Pakistan?Gender Gaps


Learning levels out of school children opportunity for second chance programs
Learning Levels Pakistan?Out of School Children - Opportunity for Second Chance Programs

Children in schools

when not learning

well are at risk of

dropping out

throughout the

school cycle.. Adding

to the pool of OOSC!


Attendance1
Attendance Pakistan?


Water facility
Water Facility Pakistan?


Toilet facility
Toilet Facility Pakistan?


School grants
School Grants Pakistan?




Upcoming policy briefs comparisons across provinces
Upcoming Policy Briefs Comparisons Across Provinces Pakistan?

  • Gender

  • ECE

  • Enrollment trends by gender

  • Education provision; Public ; private ; madrassahs and others

  • Learning Levels by Gender

  • Learning Levels by Public and Private

  • Learning Gaps Public & Private controlling for differences – regressions

  • Tuitions – public and private

  • Out of School Children – policy implications

  • Governance - Attendance of Students & Teachers – Public and Private

  • Facilities in Public and Private Schools

  • Mothers Education /Literacy


Weblinks for all advocacy needs
Weblinks For All Advocacy Needs Pakistan?

  • Kindly look up the website for updates and quick access district wise and overall http://www.safedafed.org/aser/home.html

  • For media coverage look up . http://www.safedafed.org/aser/news_aser.html


Partnerships for aser pakistan 2011
Partnerships for ASER Pakistan 2011 Pakistan?

  • Rs. 300,000 per district including training; survey and basic dissemination

  • ASER 2011 and onwards in a consortium mode many supporters can do this by district

  • In 2011 establishment of ASER Centre to train 2 ASER associates per district through certification across Pakistan - 60 day training and 40 days implementation - multiplying capacity

  • A citizen led sequel 16 weeks CHALOPARHOBARHO to improve literacy and numeracy levels classes 1-5- Sept- Jan each year to be measured by ASER. Rs. 100 per learner

  • Second Chance Learners Program in the design phase for catching up and reintegrating drop outs

  • OPEN CALL FOR PARTNERS Need Partners and Many Players


END Pakistan?


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