Recall the distributive property of multiplication over addition . . .
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Recall the distributive property of multiplication over addition . . . symbolically: a × (b + c) = a × b + a × c PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Recall the distributive property of multiplication over addition . . . symbolically: a × (b + c) = a × b + a × c and pictorially (rectangular array area model):. b. c. a. a × b. a × c. An example: 6 x 13 using your mental math skills . . . symbolically:

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Recall the distributive property of multiplication over addition . . . symbolically: a × (b + c) = a × b + a × c

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Recall the distributive property of multiplication over addition symbolically a b c a b a c

Recall the distributive property of multiplication over addition . . .

symbolically:

a × (b + c) = a × b + a × c

and pictorially (rectangular array area model):

b

c

a

a × b

a × c


Recall the distributive property of multiplication over addition symbolically a b c a b a c

An example: 6 x 13

using your mental math skills . . .

symbolically:

6 × (10 + 3) = 6 × 10 + 6 × 3

and pictorially (rectangular array area model):

10

3

6

6 × 10

6 × 3


What about 12 x 23 mental math skills 10 2 20 3 10 20 10 3 2 20 2 3

200

30

40

+ 6

276

20

3

What about 12 x 23?

Mental math skills?

(10+2)(20+3) = 10×20 + 10×3 + 2×20 + 2×3

10

10 × 20

10 × 3

2

2 × 20

2×3


And now for multiplying binomials a b c d a c d b c d a c a d b c b d

c

d

And now for multiplying binomials

(a+b)×(c+d) = a×(c+d) + b×(c+d)

= a×c + a×d + b×c + b×d

a

a × c

a × d

b

b × c

b×d


Recall the distributive property of multiplication over addition symbolically a b c a b a c

We note that the product of the two binomials has four terms – each of these is a partial product. We multiply each term of the first binomial by each term of the second binomial to get the four partial products.

F + O + I + L

( a + b )( c + d ) = ac + ad + bc + bd

Product of the FIRST terms of the binomials

Product of the OUTSIDE terms of the binomials

Product of the INSIDE terms of the binomials

Product of the LAST terms of the binomials

Because this product is composed of the

First, Outside, Inside, and Last terms,

this pattern is often referred to as FOIL method of multiplying two binomials. Note that each of these four partial products represents the area of one of the four rectangles making up the large rectangle.


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