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Dignitary Protection 101. An introduction to protective service operations, terms and procedures. Purpose.

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Dignitary Protection 101

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Dignitary Protection 101

An introduction to protective service

operations, terms and procedures


Purpose

The successful protection detail favors the use of proactive measures to avoid the confrontation, while maintaining a reactive capability in the form of good plans, procedures and training to aid in escaping the confrontation.

You must take a proactive approach to protection details.

  • The vast majority of organized attacks are successful

  • The bodyguards usually die

  • The bodyguards rarely fire their guns effectively, if at all

  • The bodyguards gunfire almost never affects the outcome of the attack

Dignitary Protection 02/08/04


Identifying the threat level

The perceived threat on the principal will determine the type of protective detail and countermeasures used.

Political Candidate/Dignitary/Celebrity

  • What does he or she represent

  • Issues and stands

  • Prior actions against the individual

  • Current threat data

Dignitary Protection 02/08/04


Route Selection

Site Security

Communications

Intelligence

Traffic

Hospital Surveys

Luggage Security

Close Proximity Personnel

Fixed Posts

Motorcades

Command Post

Aerial Support

Counter snipers

Operations

Dignitary Protection 02/08/04


Terminology and Definitions


Terminology and Definitions


Terminology and Definitions


Terminology and Definitions


Recommended

Minimum 5 to 6 person team

Protect left side of the principal

Point man should have the principal in his peripheral view 50% of the time

Attempt to block the path of the attacker

Do not let the principal enter a doorway first

In hallways keep the principal in the center

Keep the principal away from doorways, alcoves, etc

Move towards the attacker not away

Close Proximity


During an assault

Push the principal to the ground

Cover the principal

Push the principal into the crowd

Evacuate the principal to the limo or safe room within the building or leave the building

Id the problem and take action if within arms reach

Use handshake release

Apply pressure to wrist joint and pull up on the thumb

Block items being thrown

Protect the principal

Close Proximity


Assault Situations

There are four primary considerations during an assault

Arms Reach situations

Take action

Sound off Situations

First man who sees problem sounds off

Id problem and use simple terms, ex. Gun, knife

Cover considerations

Have principal squat

DL and SL close and

cover principal

Evacuation considerations

Move to limo

Move to holding room

Move to safe location away from problem

Close Proximity


Overall Mission

Prevent injury, embarrassment, kidnapping, assignation and safe guard the principals schedule

Brief the principal

Make sure the principal knows how the protective detail works

The primary function of the detail is security and is not a matter or convenience to the principal

He/She will follow all orders given by Shift leader in the event of an emergency

Working the Principal


Dress

Conservative dress

Dark colors

Bright colors are distracting and draw attention

Well tailored jacket

Tailored to allow concealment of weapon and easy access

Comfortable shoes with rubber soles

Working the Principal


Demeanor

General

Do not smoke

Do not chew gum

Do not engage the principal in conversation unless initiated by the principal (does not apply to the Shift Leader)

Maintain a uniform attitude of professionalism

Working the Principal


Demeanor

General

Keep handcuffs and weapons discreetly secured

Refer any problems to the Detail Leader

Stay alert and ready for any problems

Remember your primary objective is to protect the principal. Do nothing to comprise the security of the principal, yet utilize tact, discretion and common sense

Working the Principal


Formations

Double Ring Concept

The Outer ring:

Intelligence, Crowd Attitude

Alert for Threat, Reaction

The Inner Ring:

P

Arms Reach Concept,

Close Proximity


Formations

5 Man Wedge Formation

1

SL

P

4

3

2


Formations

5 Man Diamond Formation

1

2

SL

P

3

4


Formations

5 Man Hallway Formation

1

2

SL

P

3

4


Formations

4 Man Wedge Formation

1

SL

P

2

3


Formations

Three Man Diagonal Formation

1

SL

P

2

Generally used for mid level Dignitaries, etc


Formations

Two Man Formation

1

SL

P

Generally used for low level Dignitaries, etc


Arrivals and Departures

DL

SL

P

1

3

Dignitary Protection 02/08/04

D

2

D

D

4

Lead car

Principal’s car

Follow up car

  • Each position has a specific task:

  • The Detail Leader “DL” calls the check points while the motorcade is moving

  • # 1 is usually the only shooter if needed

  • The Drivers “D” always stay with the vehicles


Arrivals and Departures

Each position has a specific task upon arrival to the location:

Dignitary Protection 02/08/04

1

3

DL

SL

P

D

D

D

2

4


Site

Arrivals and Departures

D

1

Dignitary Protection 02/08/04

A

P

SL

D

2

3

4


Site

Arrivals and Departures

2

D

1

A

Dignitary Protection 02/08/04

2

1

A

SL

SL

P

P

4

3

3

4

D


The Picket Line

1

2

SL

P

3

4


The Picket Line

1

2

SL

P

3

4


The Picket Line

1

2

SL

P

3

4


The Picket Line

1

2

SL

P

3

4


The Picket Line

4

2

P

1

3

SL


The Picket Line

4

2

P

1

3

SL


The Picket Line

4

2

P

1

3

SL


The Picket Line

4

2

P

1

3

SL


The Picket Line

4

2

P

1

3

SL


Stage and Banquet Deployment

1

5

SL

P

4

2

3

seated


Speaking Engagement

1

2

3

P

SL

4

Intel

Intel

Crowd


Elevator Entry

1

2

3

P

SL

5

4


Elevator Entry

2

1

3

P

SL

5

4


Elevator Entry

P

SL

2

1

3

4

5


Elevator Entry

4

3

P

SL

2

5

1


Elevator Exit

4

3

P

SL

2

5

1


Elevator Exit

P

3

4

SL

1

2

5


Elevator Exit

3

4

P

SL

1

2

5


Route Surveys

  • Have a primary and secondary route of travel

  • Each route should be mapped out with check points

  • Check points should be no farther than 1/8 of a mile apart

  • Each turn should be designated as a checkpoint and preceded with left or right

  • Detail leader should call off check points to Command post and Advance personnel as they approach site

  • Survey should note any possible problem areas

    • Overpass

    • Construction areas

    • Possible choke points with motorcade

  • Use maps if possible and make sure the directions are clear and easy to follow


Site Surveys

Purpose is to identify undesirable elements and physical

hazards

  • Contact person in charge of site

  • Evaluate where the event is to occur

  • Consider time principal will be exposed

  • Examine factors difficult to control

    • Crowd

    • Press

    • Items outside secure areas

      • Other buildings

      • onlookers


Site Surveys

  • Check all travel times and verify

    • Drive primary and alternate routes

  • Check and evaluate all emergency data

    • Phone numbers

    • Communication equipment

      • Does it work inside the area

    • Emergency Escape Route

  • Determine location of Holding room

  • Establish security posts

  • Determine personnel logistics for site


Site Surveys

  • If possible get copies of floor plans and master key

    • Maybe needed in the event of an emergency and escape

  • Establish buffer areas –best if not less than 30 ft

    • Press area

    • General Public

    • Invitees

  • Prepare Preliminary survey report


Site Surveys

Types if Security Site Surveys

  • Airports

  • Hotels

  • Ballrooms

  • Private (residence, office, etc.)

  • Open air areas

    • Parks, construction sites, etc


Comments/Questions

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