Chapter 12 Carbohydrates. Carbohydrates. Carbohydrate: a polyhydroxyaldehyde or polyhydroxyketone , or a substance that gives these compounds on hydrolysis. Monosaccharide : a carbohydrate that cannot be hydrolyzed to a simpler carbohydrate.
Example: aldo (from aldehyde)
pent (from 5 carbons)
ose (family name)
be superimposed on their mirror image.
Object is different from its mirror image
Object is the same as its mirror image
Monosaccharides with 5 or more carbons exist as rings